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Gestapo-Chief - The CIA & Heinrich Müller
By Gregory Douglas
Most books on historical personages are only repetition of the subject done by earlier writers. New historical material, especially important material, on controversial individuals rarely appears in print, either because it has been destroyed or deliberately hidden away. If such material does surface, it is generally met with hostility by other published writers in the field if this information makes their own works obsolete. Here we have as a central character, Heinrich Müller, also known as “Gestapo” Müller to differentiate him from another Heinrich Müller of the same rank and in the same department. As his name indicates, “Gestapo” Müller was the permanent chief of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA) Amt IV, the Gestapo. This acronym for the Geheime Staats Polizei (Secret State Police) has struck terror into millions before and during the Second World War and is still used to evoke an image of cruelty and oppression.
Heinrich Müller vanished at the end of the war. He was last seen in Hitler’s bunker on April 29, 1945 and was officially stated to have been killed. In the early 1980s, all of Müller’s private correspondence and a number of his most important official files surfaced in Switzerland and passed into the hands of the Munich-based CIA Gehlen Organization and from there, to the CIA officials in Langley. From these files, this book was carefully constructed. It is based, not on wartime Gestapo records but on a postwar interview held in Switzerland between Müller and an American intelligence officer. It should be noted that the former Gestapo chief was not under arrest or even under suspicion. The 800 page post-war CIC interview on which the text is based was not designed to set the stage for a trial but was, quite simply, a job interview.
Times change and we must change with them. Once a man who would have been instantly arrested if found, Müller was now someone whose expertise and specific brilliance in anti-Communist counter-intelligence was badly needed by the West. In this position, Müller was under no compulsion to lie, to beg or to apologize. He said what he thought on an enormous number of historically fascinating subjects and obviously regretted nothing.
The subjects cover personalities of the Third Reich to include lengthy sections on Müller’s relationship with Hitler, Hermann Göring, Heinrich Himmler, Martin Bormann and other top leaders of the Third Reich, as well as many individuals involved in the plot to murder Hitler in 1944. Müller was in charge of the investigations of this botched attempt and his records and interviews contain material never seen before.
Also in the files are lengthy, and often stunning, information on Allied leaders and Soviet penetration of Allied top level military and government agencies.
He discusses the concentration camps in detail, the deportation of the Jews, the counterfeiting of US and British money and his personal version of his dramatic escape from Berlin in April of 1945. This is a work, extracted from thousands of pages of secret files, that will jolt the complaisant in every chapter. One section deals with highly classified German intercepts of private trans-Atlantic telephone conversations between Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill. Of these, the most shocking is one dealing with Pearl Harbor.
The author has carefully edited and annotated enough material to deliver a serious shock to the community of historians. At the same time, the character of ‘Gestapo’ Müller emerges with vivid clarity. This is a study of a highly intelligent and complex man who was at the very center of the Third Reich and who not only lived to tell about it, but managed to turn adversity into personal triumph. Heinrich Müller was present in the opening seconds of the Second World War and left the stage of history in the final battle for Berlin. This is a work that stands on its own feet and will certainly be impossible to put down.
Frank Thayer, PhD.
New Mexico State University
Gregory Douglas has produced a historical tour de force. Meticulously researched and authoritatively edited. Anyone, regardless of their intellectual orientation, who dismisses the reality and contents of Müller’s files and his relationship with American Intelligence out of hand, does so at their own risk.
Dr. William R. Corson, LTC, USMC ret. William R. Corson was been involved with the intelligence community for most of his adult life. Corson, who held a Ph.D. in economics, was a retired Colonel of the USMC and was executive secretary of the joint Department of Defense/Central Intelligence Agency commission on anti-terrorism. He worked with the CIA on the highest levels and in 1977 published a book, “The Armies of Ignorance,” the standard work on the history of US intelligence.
Where possible, each revelation has been challenged and examined using all available resources to include: individual, military records, released US communications intercepts and captured documents. To date, the Müller documents have met every challenge.
Robert T. Crowley Deputy Director of Clandestine Affairs CIA, ret. Robert T. Crowley attended the US Military Academy at West Point and served in both the Army Military Intelligence and the Office of Naval Intelligence. Following his tours of duty, Crowley joined the Central Intelligence Agency and rose to a high-level advisory position within it. He was Deputy Director of Clandestine Operations. One of his fields of expertise was the Soviet KGB and he was co-author of the acclaimed work “The New KGB.”
From the Introduction
In the early morning hours of September 25, 1963, a grave was opened in the West Berlin Kreuzberg military cemetery and the contents removed for forensic examination. The marker indicated that the occupant of the grave was Heinrich Müller, born April 28, 1900, and killed in the street fighting in Berlin in 1945 when the Soviet Army seized the German capital. The memorial stone did not indicate that Müller had been an SS-Gruppenführer and a Lieutenant General in the German Police and that since 1935, was the head of the German Gestapo or the Secret State Police.
The exhumation had been requested by the West German Ludwigsburg Center that dealt with ex-Nazis sought for prosecution. This Center had information that Müller was not dead and was, in fact, gainfully employed by a foreign government. One of the first steps in proving this was to ascertain whether the corpse in the grave was that of Heinrich Müller who had been issued a death certificate from the Death Bureau of Berlin-Center numbered 11 706/45.
A subsequent pathological examination proved that there were the remains of three different men in the grave, none of whom were Heinrich Müller.
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