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===From the Preface to the original 1981 edition===
===From the Preface to the original 1981 edition===
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[[Category:World War II]]
[[Category:World War II]]
Revision as of 16:49, 22 August 2013
Martin Bormann - NAZI in Exile
By Paul Manning - 1981
From the Preface to the original 1981 edition
DID THE WORLD EVER REALLY KNOW MARTIN Bormann? A man of indescribably vast power and the sole trustee of Hitler’s secrets after May 1, 1945, in the Berlin bunker, Bormann continues to be the most controversial, perplexing figure of our times. There are those who wish him dead and continue to claim he is; for were he to emerge, it would embarrass the governments that assisted in his escape, the industrial and financial leaders who benefited from his acumen and transferred their capital to neutral nations in the closing days of World War II, and the businessmen of four continents who profited from the 750 corporations he established throughout the world as depositories of money, patents, bearer bonds, and shares in blue chip industries of the United States and Europe.
Amazon review by John C Sanders
Anticipating the defeat of the Third Reich, Reichsleiter Martin Bormann set up 750 corporations in neutral countries, primed as vehicles to receive the liquid wealth of Germany in addition to patents and other proprietary industrial information. An organizational genius and the real power behind Hitler, Bormann, known as the "Brown Eminence", successfully fled Europe for South America and administered a "Reich in Exile" in the years following the war. With remnants of the SS as an enforcement arm, former Gestapo chief General Heinrich Mueller as security director, the 750 corporations as a base of economic power and the willing silence and cooperation of the Western Allies, Bormann guided his organization to a position of consummate power. One banker quoted by Manning termed the Bormann Organization, the "world's most important accumulation of money power under one control in history". Controlling Germany's major corporations, the Federal Republic itself and much of Latin America, the Bormann Organization also maintained a formidable circle of influence in the United States. Paul Manning has written the definitive text on the Bormann Organization.
Manning worked with CBS radio during World War II in London as a member of the elite Edward R. Murrow/Walter Cronkite team. As part of his coverage duties, he was the only member actually allowed to fly on U.S. Air Force missions as a fully functional crew member. Having qualified as a gunner, his flights included B-17 missions with the 8th Air Force over Germany and several B-29 missions to Japan. On behalf of CBS, he broadcasted the surrenders of Japan and Germany. In 1948, along with fifteen other distinguished war correspondents, he was awarded a medal for his reporting of the unconditional surrender of the Germans at Rheims. After the war Manning continued his journalistic profession and also served as a speechwriter for Nelson Rockefeller.
Several decades after WWII, Manning stumbled across the U.S. military CSDIC (Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centers) interviews of members of German industrial and banking magnates in the US National Archives. Aghast at the findings, Manning set out to write a book about the secret machinations of Nazi money laundering. Unknown to Manning, the manuscript was a stake in the heart of former CIA director Allen Dulles (brother of Allan Dulles) who represented many German interests on both sides of the Atlantic during the 1930's and 40's through his law firm of Sullivan and Cromwell with offices in New York and Berlin. Upon the German surrender, Dulles was instrumental in quietly recruiting Hitler's chief intelligence officer General Reinhard Gehlen and many of his key operatives. They were brought to Fort Hunt, Virginia and folded into the American O.S.S. which was converted into the C.I.A. with enactment under Truman of NSC-68 in 1948. Gehlen remained covertly in full U.S. employ until returning to head the German BND in the fifties.
Concerned over public exposure of Manning's investigation, Dulles volunteered to "help" the unsuspecting Manning with his manuscript, and sent him on a carefully orchestrated wild goose chase, searching for Martin Bormann in South America. Without knowing that he had been deliberately sidetracked, Manning wrote a forward to his book personally thanking Allen Dulles for his assurance that "I was on the right track" and "should keep going." In actuality, Dulles' assistance was aimed at sending Manning and his manuscript into obscurity to avoid disclosure of the transfer and protection of Nazi money.
Through its connections with major American corporations, the Bormann group successfully pressured publisher after publisher to decline Manning's manuscript. Of particular significance in the suppression of Manning's book was the Thyssen family.(patriarch Fritz Thyssen was Hitler's earliest and most prominent backer among German industrialists) His grandson, Count Zichy-Thyssen, who controlled Thyssen Steel from his base in Argentina, let it be known it would be very much appreciated if American publishers "stayed away" from the Manning text.
Manning finally found a home for the book at the maverick publishing house Lyle Stuart. In retaliation, the head of the publishing house had his legs broken the week the book was released and reviews of the book were blocked in major newspaper markets and mainstream publications. In 1993, after another decade of intense research, Manning's son Jerry, was senselessly and inexplicably murdered. Based on information garnered from his contacts in the intelligence community, Manning concluded the killing was in retaliation for his continued work and intent to publish a follow-up book, "In Search of Martin Bormann". The death of his son devastated Manning and stymied completion of the 2nd book. He died shortly after in 1995.
In December 1998, California-based researcher and broadcaster Dave Emory conducted a live, on-air radio interview ... with Manning's surviving son, Peter, concerning the Bormann flight capital organization and his father's work in bringing its activities to light. Peter movingly recounted the difficulties his family experienced as a result of his father's work on the book. In addition to surveillance and harassment, the family experienced economic and mental hardship as a result of deliberate efforts by elements hostile to its message. For obvious reasons, copies of this book were assiduously removed from market and have, for some time, been unobtainable. This landmark work nonetheless remains the unvarnished truth regarding Germany's post-war economic rebirth and lays the groundwork for understanding its current bid for dominance in manufacturing, banking and most importantly, publishing. "Martin Bormann: Nazi in Exile" is without peer in detail, accuracy and courage in probing the most important and successfully concealed story of the twentieth century. Mandatory reading.
Amazon Review by Phillip M Rose
As Paul Manning was writing this book, Martin Bormann was still alive, but had been eclipsed by the younger members of his organization. Now, over twenty-five years later, we should still not think of the Bormann Capital Flight project in the past tense. Bormann and Mueller are gone, but the Bormann economic and political network survives and thrives after having supplanted the USA as the dominant player in the post-WWII global economy. While this book is a history, it should also be considered as key to understanding the current global economic and political scene. Modern economic globalization is not a recent phenomenon -- the Germans, along with cooperating American and British businesses, basically invented globalization as we know it today in the aftermath of WWI and the Versailles Treaty. Prescott Bush, grandfather to the currently seated president, was one of those businessmen involved in financing German industry.
I found the first five chapters, detailing the foundation of the Bormann Capital Flight network in 1944, a little dry. However, Manning was laying the important groundwork for the exciting story that came after the fall of Berlin and Bormann's escape. Once I reached Chapter 6, I could hardly put the book down until I finished it.
The excellent Amazon review by John C. Sanders covers both the author and the book very well. Mr. Saunders mentions the story behind the book, which I found as fascinating as the book itself. This story lends credence to the fact that the Bormann network persists in our time. You can read about it and listen to a very moving interview with Paul Manning's surviving son, Peter Manning, by doing an Internet search on this book's title, and then looking for links to Spitfirelist and Dave Emory. Mr. Emory did two half hour interviews with Peter Manning. In the first one Mr. Manning was a rather laconic interview subject, probably owing to the emotions that arose when he was being interviewed. He opened up considerably in the second interview, revealing details of the hardships the Manning family suffered due to the publication of this book.
This book is long out of print, and is likely to remain so for some time, probably owing in no small part to the difficulties faced by the original publisher, Lyle Stuart. When copies become available, they are usually priced at $100 or more. Fortunately, the Manning family, in their desire to have the book distributed as widely as possible, has authorised a freely available version of the book which you can easily find by following the links above.
A worldwide internet search for a physical copy of the book for sale turns up maybe a dozen copies at most (July 2010) - starting from around £70 ! - that tells its own story. There remain powerful interests that do not wish its contents to be widely disseminated.
Apart from those of Hugh Trevor-Roper, the English historian and former intelligence officer and Russian investigator Lev Bezymenski, this is the best known and most thoroughly researched of books claiming that Martin Bormann did NOT die in April 1945.
The official narrative has it that he died whilst trying to escape the encirclement of Berlin by the Red Army on 30 April 1945. It rests largely on the testimony of Arthur Axeman, leader of the Hitler Youth and one of his companions on the break out attempt. He later claimed that he found Bormann's body after they went in separate directions and he was forced to double-back by a Red Army patrol. Soviet Lt. Gen. Konstantin Telegin recalls his men bringing him Bormann's diary. There were persistent reports of sightings from Munich to various South American locations over subsequent decades. In 1998 genetic tests on a scull by the German authorities apparently confirmed it was that of Martin Bormann but.....
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