Difference between revisions of "Italy/Deep state"

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(→‎Activities: added misc info including Mani Pulite)
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==Activities==
 
==Activities==
 
The Italian deep state used a range of tactics to prevent the electoral success of the Italian left, in particular of the Italian [[communist party]].  
 
The Italian deep state used a range of tactics to prevent the electoral success of the Italian left, in particular of the Italian [[communist party]].  
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*The Italian national election of 1948 was victim of one of the first CIA subversion campaigns, where millions of dollars were poured into propaganda and the right wing parties, especially the [[Christian Democracy Party]]. CIA deep state actor [[Jim Angleton]] played a central part in the operation.{{cn}} See [[Document:Italy 1947-1948]].
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*This CIA funding of right wing and other non=communist parties continued up through the 1980s.{{cn}}
  
 
===Borghese coup===
 
===Borghese coup===
 
{{FA|Borghese coup}}
 
{{FA|Borghese coup}}
A failed coup.  
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An aborted/failed coup in 1970.
  
 
===Years of Lead===
 
===Years of Lead===
 
{{FA|Years of Lead}}
 
{{FA|Years of Lead}}
 
The English phrase "[[Strategy of Tension]]" is a direct translation of the Italian. This strategy was carried out during the "[[Years of Lead]]", which saw [[bombings]] and [[assassination]]s carried out by [[Operation Gladio]] but which were attributed to "communist terrorists" such as the [[Brigade Rossi]].
 
The English phrase "[[Strategy of Tension]]" is a direct translation of the Italian. This strategy was carried out during the "[[Years of Lead]]", which saw [[bombings]] and [[assassination]]s carried out by [[Operation Gladio]] but which were attributed to "communist terrorists" such as the [[Brigade Rossi]].
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==Mani Pulite==
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The [[Mani Pulite]] anti-corruption drive in the early 1990's was CIA's revenge on Italy's political caste for being to soft on Libya, especially during the [[Sigonella|Sigonella Hostage Standoff]] and showing too much independence in other matters. Recordings of Italian politicians' corruption was leaked to the prosecution by anonymous sources, leading to convictions against many politicians, including former PM [[Giulio Andreotti]] and [[Bettino Craxi]].{{cn}}
  
 
==Exposure==
 
==Exposure==

Revision as of 05:42, 15 February 2020

Group.png Italy/Deep state
(Deep state)Rdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Italy Deep state.jpg
AbbreviationIT/DS
HeadquartersRome, Italy
The Italian deep state, post-WW II, centered on the Operation Gladio network run through NATO and heavily influenced by the CIA and MI6.

See also the Ancient Roman Deep state

The Italian Deep state appears to have been centered on the Propaganda Due (P-2) masonic lodge, run by Licio Gelli, which was set up at the end of WWII under the rubric of Operation Gladio. Oswald LeWinter describes it as a "wholly owned subsidiary of the company [i.e. the CIA] in Italy".

Organisation

Licio Gelli was an Italian deep politician who ran P-2 for many years.

Activities

The Italian deep state used a range of tactics to prevent the electoral success of the Italian left, in particular of the Italian communist party.

  • This CIA funding of right wing and other non=communist parties continued up through the 1980s.[citation needed]

Borghese coup

Full article: Stub class article Borghese coup

An aborted/failed coup in 1970.

Years of Lead

Full article: Stub class article Years of Lead

The English phrase "Strategy of Tension" is a direct translation of the Italian. This strategy was carried out during the "Years of Lead", which saw bombings and assassinations carried out by Operation Gladio but which were attributed to "communist terrorists" such as the Brigade Rossi.

Mani Pulite

The Mani Pulite anti-corruption drive in the early 1990's was CIA's revenge on Italy's political caste for being to soft on Libya, especially during the Sigonella Hostage Standoff and showing too much independence in other matters. Recordings of Italian politicians' corruption was leaked to the prosecution by anonymous sources, leading to convictions against many politicians, including former PM Giulio Andreotti and Bettino Craxi.[citation needed]

Exposure

The Italian Prime Minister Arnaldo Forlani and his coalition cabinet have resigned after revelations about P2.[1] Operation Gladio was dramatically exposed by the Prime Minister of Italy, Giulio Andreotti, following investigations carried out by Felice Casson.

 

Related Quotation

PageQuote
"Conspiracy theory"“There is in Italy a power which we seldom mention in this House ... I mean the secret societies... It is useless to deny, because it is impossible to conceal, that a great part of Europe — the whole of Italy and France and a great portion of Germany, to say nothing of other countries — is covered with a network of these secret societies, just as the superficies of the earth is now being covered with railroads. And what are their objects? They do not attempt to conceal them. They do not want constitutional government; they do not want ameliorated institutions ... they want to change the tenure of land, to drive out the present owners of the soil and to put an end to ecclesiastical establishments. Some of them may go further...”

 

Event Planned

EventLocation(s)Description
Piazza Fontana bombingItaly
Milan
Piazza Fontana
An act of terrorism carried out by NATO backed groups to try prevent the electoral success of the Italian communist party.

 

Related Document

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:Gladio - The Secret U.S. War To Subvert Italian Democracyessay23 February 1996Arthur E. Rowse
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References