École Normale Supérieure

From Wikispooks
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Group.png École Normale Supérieure  
(Graduate schoolWebsiteRdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
HeadquartersParis, France
Member ofGrande école

The École normale supérieure; also known as ENS Paris) is one of the most selective and prestigious graduate schools in Paris, France. It is one of the French grandes écoles (higher education establishment outside the framework of the public university system).

It was initially conceived during the French Revolution and was intended to provide the Republic with a new body of professors, trained in the critical spirit and secular values of the Enlightenment. It has since developed into an institution which has become a platform for a select few of France's students to pursue careers in government and academia.

The school is very small in student numbers. Its core of students, who are called normaliens, are selected via a competitive exam called a concours (baccalaureate + 2 years) after a preparatory class. Two hundred normaliens are thus recruited every year, half of them in the sciences and the same number in the humanities, and receive a monthly stipend (around €1,350/month in 2018), and in exchange they sign a ten-year contract to work for the state.

The principal goal of ENS is the training of professors, researchers and public administrators. Among its alumni there are 14 Nobel Prize laureates including 8 in Physics (ENS has the highest proportion of Nobel laureates among its alumni of any institution worldwide, 12 Fields Medalists (the most of any university in the world), more than half the recipients of the CNRS's Gold Medal (France's highest scientific prize), several hundred members of the Institut de France, and scores of politicians and statesmen.

The ENS increasingly came to be seen by some as an antechamber to the École nationale d'administration, as more young students drawn to politics and public policy began to be attracted to it, such as future President of the Republic Georges Pompidou, Prime Ministers Alain Juppé and Laurent Fabius, and ministers such as Bruno Le Maire and Michel Sapin, respectively the current and former Ministers of Finance of France.


Alumni on Wikispooks

Alexandre Adler23 September 1950FranceJournalist
French academic
Raymond Aron14 March 190517 October 1983FranceJournalist
French sociologist who attended 3 Bilderbergs from 1957 to 1966
Nicolas Baverez8 May 1961FranceJournalist
Bilderberg Steering committee. French proponent of transatlantic neoliberal globalization. Believes that for the masses, "time freed up by shorter working hours means conjugal violence - and alcoholism on top of that."
Anne Bouverot21 March 1966FranceBusinesspersonCEO of company selling facial recognition and other biometric identification products. Attended 2018 Bilderberg.
Jacques de Bourbon Busset27 April 19127 May 2001FranceAuthor
French diplomat and author, attended the 1957 October Bilderberg as former Deputy Head of Robert Schuman’s Private Office, where he aided in the development of the Schuman Plan. Later Vice President at CERN
Philippe Camus28 June 1948FranceBusinesspersonFrench Bilderberger who as Executive Co-Chairman of the European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company attended the 2003,4,5 Bilderbergs
Laurent Fabius20 August 1946FrancePoliticianFrench politician who attended the 1994 and 2016 Bilderbergs
Michel Foucault15 October 192625 June 1984Author
Social critic
Fabrice Fries10 March 1960FranceBusinesspersonFrench CEO of Agence France-Presse.
Jean-Marie Guéhenno30 October 1949FranceDiplomatFrench globalist diplomat with many ties to the making of defense and security policies.
Bernard-Henri Lévy5 November 1948FrancePropagandistA French 'philosopher' who has created an intellectual alibi for every US/NATO intervention since the 1980s. Lévy is also a militant supporter and apologist for Zionism and the Israeli state.
Georges Pompidou5 July 19112 April 1974FrancePoliticianPresident of France from 1969 until his death in 1974 from a rare form of cancer. 1960 Bilderberg
Jean-Bernard Raimond6 February 19267 March 2016FrancePolitician
Ivan Rogers1960Diplomat
Pierre Salmon30 November 192610 March 2005Belgium
AcademicHistorian specializing in African history who attended 1977 Bilderberg, where the relevant subject was "North American and Western European attitudes towards the Third World's demands for restructuring the world order".
Michel Sapin9 April 1952France
Jean-Paul Sartre21 June 190515 April 1980Philosopher
Didier Sornette25 June 1957FranceResearcherFrench expert on risk management
Pierre Uri20 November 191121 July 1992FranceEconomistFrench economist who played a key role in the development of the 1957 Treaty of Rome, setting up the European Economic Community, the precursor to the European Union. Attended Bilderberg 1963, Bilderberg 1969 and Bilderberg 1975.