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|( 1810s: ) 1810|
Tyrolean rebel leader Andreas Hofer is executed
|1810, a year of Latin American independence movements|
- January 1 – Major-General Lachlan Macquarie officially becomes Governor of New South Wales.
- January 12 – The marriage of Napoleon and Joséphine is annulled.
- February 20 – Tyrolean rebel leader Andreas Hofer is executed.
- March 4 – Peninsular War: The French Army, under the command of André Masséna, retreats from Portugal.
- March 11 – Napoleon marries Marie-Louise of Austria.
- April 19 – Venezuela achieves home rule: Vicente Emparán, Governor of the Captaincy General of Venezuela, is removed by the people of Caracas, and Supreme Junta is installed. Venezuela is the first South American state to proclaim independence from Spain.
- May 10 – Rev. Henry Duncan opens the world's first commercial savings bank, in Ruthwell, Scotland.
- May 18–25 – May Revolution: Armed citizens of Buenos Aires expel the Viceroy and establish a provincial government for Argentina (the Primera Junta).
- June 23 – John Jacob Astor forms the Pacific Fur Company.
- July 9 - Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland.
- July 9 - Russia acquires Sukhumi through a treaty with the Abkhazian dukes, and declares a protectorate over the whole of Abkhazia.
- July 20 – Patria Boba: A junta of seven patriots, led by José Acevedo y Gómez, assemble in Bogotá in the Viceroyalty of New Granada (modern-day Colombia), to declare its independence from the Spanish Empire.
- August 21 – Jean Baptiste Bernadotte, Marshal of France, is elected Crown Prince of Sweden, by the Swedish Riksdag of the Estates.
- September 16 – Grito de Dolores: Miguel Hidalgo, a Catholic priest from Guanajuato, incites the revolt that becomes the Mexican War of Independence.
- September 18 – Chile forms its First National Junta, which is the country's first step towards its independence.
- September 26 – A new Act of Succession is adopted by the Riksdag of the Estates, and Jean Baptiste Bernadotte becomes heir to the Swedish throne.
- October – King George III of the United Kingdom is recognized as insane.
- November 2 – A peace treaty in Haiti confirms its division between the northern State of Haiti, ruled autocratically by the gen de couleur Henri Christophe, and the southern Republic, ruled by mulatto Alexandre Pétion. 
- November 29 – December 3 – Invasion of Isle de France: British forces force the French to surrender Isle de France (Mauritius).
- The first steamboat sails on the Ohio River.
- The General Union of Spinners organizes a strike action, to raise wages in the smaller UK cotton centres to the Manchester level.
- The Saint Petersburg main military engineering school becomes the first engineering higher learning institution in the Russian Empire, after the addition of officers' classes, and the application of a five-year term of teaching.
- Friedrich Krupp establishes a steel foundry in Essen.
- 18,000 Angolans are sold at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- Palm oil sales from West Africa to Britain reach 1,000 tons.
- 4,500 chests of opium are sold in China.
|Lawrenceville School||One of the oldest and most expensive preparatory schools in the United States|
|Humboldt University of Berlin||Experienced several drastic changes during the last century.|
|Title||Born||Place of birth||Died||Summary||Description|
|Alphonso Taft||5 November 1810||US|
|21 May 1891||Politician||an American jurist, diplomat and politician|
|William Avery Rockefeller Sr.||13 November 1810||New York|
|11 May 1906||Lumberman|
|A bigamist and travelling salesman of elixirs. Patriarch of the Rockefeller family|
- George Hewitt, The Abkhazians: A Handbook (Routledge, 2013) p74
- Steeve Coupeau, The History of Haiti (Greenwood, 2008) p49