| Aaron Swartz |
|Born||Aaron H. Swartz|
Highland Park, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||2013-01-11 (Age 26)|
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
|Alma mater||Stanford University|
|Victim of||Premature death|
A hacker who died a suspicious death after using his talents to promote freedom of information
At the age of 14, having dropped out of school, Swartz helped create the RSS news syndication specification. Aged 19, he co-programmed Reddit, which was sold to Condé Nast in 2006. In 2008, he co-wrote the Guerilla Open Access Manifesto, which called for activists to "liberate" information locked up by corporations or publishers. In 2010, at the age of 23, he co-founded Demand Progress, an online advocacy group that successfully campaigned against internet censorship bills and attracted more than a million members. He was also developer of SecureDrop, an encrypted submission system suitable for whistleblower information operated over the Tor network. By 24, Swartz was a Harvard research fellow conducting studies on political corruption."
In 2013 he "was facing potential jail time for hacking into MIT's computer network and stealing copies of 4.8 million academic papers." Sentences between 35 years or a few months in exchange for a plea agreement were discussed. His attorney then, Elliot Peters, said that two days before his death they were again trying to discuss a way "to resolve the case that didn't destroy Aaron's life", but they rejected six months in exchange for pleading guilty to 13 counts, since he believed "they would win the case at trial".
On the evening of January 11, 2013, Swartz was found dead in his Brooklyn apartment by his partner, Taren Stinebrickner-Kauffman. A spokeswoman for New York's Medical Examiner reported that he had hanged himself. No suicide note was found. Swartz's family and his partner created a memorial website on which they issued a statement, saying: "He used his prodigious skills as a programmer and technologist not to enrich himself but to make the Internet and the world a fairer, better place." John Naughton states that Swartz "was hounded to suicide at the age of 26 by a vindictive US administration", but does not question whether his death in fact was a suicide. His first defense lawyer, in an interview with The Boston Globe, said that he told Stephen Heymann (attorney for the prosecution), that "the kid was a suicide risk". Overall in published articles the sentiment not to question the suicide does prevail, one commentator was levelling threats against Carmen Ortiz, who was United States Attorney at that time, for her alleged inolvement with Oliver North and the Iran contra affair, in exchange for her bad handling of the Swartz case.
Secure drop suicide
James Dolan, a second programmer of initially three, who designed and developed a submission system for press agencies and newspapers which was inspired by Wikileaks, suicided five years after the death of Aaron Swartz.
- Carmen Ortiz Releases Totally Bogus Statement Concerning The Aaron Swartz Prosecution saved at Archive.org and Archive.is
- Kemp, Joe; Trapasso, Clare; Mcshane, Larry (January 12, 2013). "Aaron Swartz, co-founder of Reddit and online activist, hangs himself in Brooklyn apartment, authorities say". NY Daily News. New York.
Swartz ... left no note before his Friday morning death in the seventh-floor apartment at a luxury Sullivan Place building, police sources said.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "plain text").
- "Co-founder of Reddit Aaron Swartz found dead". News. CBS. January 13, 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2013.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "plain text").
- Schwartz, John (January 12, 2013). "Internet Activist, a Creator of RSS, Is Dead at 26, Apparently a Suicide". The New York Times. Retrieved January 13, 2013. (Registration required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter
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- Gustin, Sam (January 14, 2013). "MIT orders review of Aaron Swartz suicide as soul searching begins". Time. Retrieved January 16, 2013.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "plain text").
- On humanity, a big failure in Aaron Swartz case saved at Archive.org and Archive.is
- Second Developer Of WikiLeaks-Inspired "SecureDrop" Commits Suicide At 36 saved at Archive.org and Archive.is