Brigham Young University

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Group.png Brigham Young University  
(UniversityHistory Commons WebsiteRdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Brigham Young University medallion.png
MottoNo official motto Unofficial mottoes include: The glory of God is intelligence;Enter to learn, go forth to serve;The world is our campus
Formation1875
HeadquartersSalt Lake City, Utah, USA
TypePrivate not-for-profit space grant
Other nameCougars
99 percent of the students are Mormons

Brigham Young University (BYU) is a private research university owned by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) and located in Provo, Utah. The university is accredited by the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities. The university is run under the auspices of the church's parent organization, the Church Educational System (CES), and is classified among "R2: Doctoral Universities – High Research Activity" with "more selective, lower transfer-in" admissions.[1] The university's primary emphasis is on undergraduate education in 179 majors, but it also has 62 master's and 26 doctoral degree programs.[2] The university also administers two satellite campuses, one in Jerusalem and one in Salt Lake City.

Students attending BYU agree to follow an honor code that mandates behavior in line with LDS teachings, such as academic honesty, adherence to dress and grooming standards, abstinence from extramarital sex and homosexual behavior, and no consumption of illegal drugs, coffee, tea, alcohol, or tobacco.[3] Approximately 99 percent of the students are members of the LDS Church.[4] The university curriculum includes religious education, with required courses in the Bible (King James Version), LDS scripture, doctrine, and history,[5] and the university sponsors weekly devotional assemblies with most speakers addressing religious topics.[6] Sixty-six percent of students either delay enrollment or take a hiatus from their studies to serve as LDS missionaries.[7] An education at BYU is less expensive than at similar private universities,[8] since "a significant portion" of the cost of operating the university is subsidized by the church's tithing funds.[9]

ROTC

The Brigham Young University Army Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) began 29 April 1968. A building was constructed specifically for the ROTC programs (both Army and Air Force) and dedicated as the Daniel H. Wells ROTC Building October 1968. BYU is currently home to the Service First Battalion for Army ROTC, and Detachment 855 for Air Force ROTC.

Notable research and awards

According to the National Science Foundation, BYU spent $40.7 million on research and development in 2018.[10] Scientists associated with BYU have created some notable inventions. Philo T. Farnsworth, inventor and pioneer of the electronic television, began college at BYU, and later returned to do fusion research, receiving an honorary degree from the university in 1967.[11] Alumnus Harvey Fletcher, inventor of stereophonic sound, went on to carry out the now famous oil-drop experiment with Robert Millikan, and was later Founding Dean of the BYU College of Engineering. H. Tracy Hall, inventor of the man-made diamond, left General Electric in 1955 and became a full professor of chemistry and Director of Research at BYU. While there, he invented a new type of diamond press, the tetrahedral press. In student achievements, BYU Ad Lab teams won both the 2007 and 2008 L'Oréal National Brandstorm Competition,[12][13] and students developed the Magnetic Lasso algorithm found in Adobe Photoshop.[14] In prestigious scholarships, BYU has produced 10 Rhodes Scholars,[15] four Gates Scholars in the last six years, and in the last decade has claimed 41 Fulbright scholars and 3 Jack Kent Cooke scholars.[16]


 

Alumni on Wikispooks

PersonBornDiedNationalitySummaryDescription
Robert S. Beecroft1957
Jay Bybee27 October 1953Lawyer
Judge
War criminal
Orrin Hatch22 March 1934
Culbert Olson7 November 187613 April 1962Politician
Lawyer
29th governor of California from 1939 to 1943.
Mitt Romney12 March 1947Politician
Businessperson
George Sutherland25 March 186218 July 1942Politician
Lawyer
Ben Swann17 July 1978USJournalist
Activist
News presenter
9-11/Dissident
A US information activist with a background in corporate media.


References