Crown Prosecution Service

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Group.png Crown Prosecution Service   Powerbase WebsiteRdf-icon.png
Crown Prosecution Service.svg
Formation1986
Parent organizationUK
HeadquartersRose Court, 2 Southwark Bridge, London, SE1 9HS
LeaderAttorney General
Typelegal
Staff6,840
Owner ofCrown Prosecution Service web site
Founder ofCrown Prosecution Service web site

Official narrative

The main responsibilities of the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) are to provide legal advice to the police and other investigative agencies during the course of criminal investigations, to decide whether a suspect should face criminal charges following an investigation and to conduct prosecutions both in the magistrates' courts and the Crown Court.

Control

Although the official leader of the CPS is the Director of Public Prosecutions, the Attorney General for England and Wales "superintends" the CPS's work by having regular meetings and also answers for it in the UK Parliament. A small number of offences (including any under the Official Secrets Act) specifically require the Attorney’s permission to prosecute, and the Attorney can also claim "national security" grounds to influence the conduct of prosecutions.


Failure to prosecute

The CPS is notable for its failure to prosecute people, particularly in connection with the VIPaedophile case.

VIPaedophile

The CPS reportedly destroyed a file of Elm Guest House suspects in 2007

The CPS, by its own admission[Whose?] failed on 3 separate occasions to prosecute both Cyril Smith and Greville Janner. They also orighinally declined to prosecute Gordon Anglesea, who was later convicted of child sexual abuse.[1]

The Mirror reported in 2015 that the claim of "national security" was used to prevent investigation into paedophilia amongst senior officials back in the 1980s.[2]

The CPS reported in response to a 2014 FOIA request that a file of Elm Guest House suspects was destroyed on 11 April 2007.[3]

Operation Lydd

The CPS announced in June 2016 that it would not bring any charges in Operation Lydd, a police investigation into the UK government’s role in the March 2004 to kidnap and send to Libya two families (including a pregnant woman and children aged 6 to 12) where they were regularly tortured over a period of 6 years.[4] The CPS sat on a 28,000 page police file for almost two years before they said there was ‘insufficient evidence’ to charge anyone at MI6 over the kidnap and torture of the Belhaj and al-Saadi families.[5]

The head of MI5 at the time, Eliza Manningham-Buller, wrote to Tony Blair to protest MI6’s involvement in CIA "extraordinary rendition" and torture, and the Sunday Times has reported claims from intelligence sources that Jack Straw approved the rendition.[6]



References