Eli Zeira

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Eliahu Zeira is a former Major General in the Israel Defense Force.


Zeira was director of Aman, Israel's military intelligence, during the 1973 Yom Kippur War. He is most remembered for his ill-conceived prewar assessment that Egypt and Syria would not attack, despite intelligence to the contrary (also known as "The Concept"). [1] [2]

The postwar Agranat Commission, set to investigate the reasons for the costly war, found Zeira to be negligent of his duty, and he resigned. [3]


  1. Shlaim, Avi "The Iron Wall -Israel and the Arab World." 2000. ISBN 978 o 140 28870 4. Page 319.
  2. Steven, Stewart, "The Spymasters of Israel." 1980, ninth printing 1988. ISBN 0 345 339274. Page 358:" [Zeira] was one of the architects of what was known as 'the concept.' Simply stated, the concept laid down first that the Arabs were not ready for an all-out war with Israel. Though they had the ability to launch a limited war, they knew perfectly well that Israel would not feel itself bound by the rules of that game, and a limited war would quickly escalate into a general one. Second, Zeira's concept laid down, if there was to be a war, it would be a short one. The third assumption was that in an overall war, the Arabs would be quickly defeated."
  3. Dayan, Moshe, "Story of My Life." ISBN 0 688 03076 9. 1976. Page 606. "The commission found that Maj. Gen. Eliyahu Zeira, 'in view of his grave failure ... cannot continue in his post as chief of Military Intelligence.'"