| Fred Krupp |
Verona, New Jersey, US
|Alma mater||Yale University, University of Michigan|
Well-paid President of corporate-friendly Environmental Defense Fund. Attended the 2012 Bilderberg
Fred Krupp has been the president of Environmental Defense Fund, a U.S.-based nonprofit environmental advocacy group since 1984. He is considered a key architect of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol and carbon credits. He attended the 2012 Bilderberg conference.
In 2016 he earned $650,951 in salary and $61,865 in other compensation.
Early life and education
Krupp grew up in Verona, New Jersey, and became acquainted with recycling through his father's company, which used old rags to create roofing material. He is a graduate of Yale University with a law degree from the University of Michigan and has taught environmental law at both schools.
Prior to joining Environmental Defense Fund, Krupp spent several years in private law practice in New Haven, Connecticut, at several firms: Cooper, Whitney, Cochran & Krupp (1984); partner, Albis & Krupp (1978–1984). During that time he also was founder and general counsel for the Connecticut Fund for the Environment (1978–1984), a leading state environmental group.
Environmental Defense Fund
When Krupp became president of the Environmental Defense Fund in 1984, its budget was $3 million, its New York City headquarters had 50 employees, and its membership rolls totaled 35,000. Twenty-three years later, Krupp oversaw a budget of $65 million, 300 employees, and a membership roster that was nearly ten times larger.
Since 1984, he has been influential in developing many innovative market-based solutions, including the acid rain reduction plan in the 1990 Clean Air Act, and the U.S. proposal to achieve least-cost greenhouse gas reductions in the Kyoto Protocol.
According to the Form 990 filed by Environmental Defense Fund with the Internal Revenue Service as required by law, in 2004 he earned $357,057 in salary and $51,113 in other compensation as president. According to the Form 990 filed by Environmental Defense Fund with the Internal Revenue Service as required by law, in 2016 he earned $650,951 in salary and $61,865 in other compensation as president
He has been described as the environmentalist who "has been the most successful in persuading the corporate world—and those who support its interests—to embrace the green cause". Examples including convincing McDonald's to forgo styrofoam for paper, Wal-Mart to stock energy-efficient light bulbs, and Duke Energy to invest in wind power.
EDF Partners with Synagro, The World's Leader in Dumping Sewage Sludge on Farms and Gardens
EDF creates formal corporate partnerships between itself and major corporations, such as the Carlyle Group with which it partnered in March, 2010.  The Carlyle Group, a private investment corporation, owns Synagro, the world's largest company producing sewage sludge "compost" and "fertilizer," often called "biosolids," that is dumped on farms and gardens.
According to its own guidelines , EDF does accept direct funding from corporations that are engaged "in any significant activities that are in direct conflict with EDF’s environmental protection objectives or activities." This is misleading, since EDF does aggressively seek funding from employees, board members and investors in such corporations, including its formal corporate partners such as Carlyle Group. And EDF also considers on a case by case basis donations from foundations set up by such corporations.
It would seem that by partnering with Synagro EDF is in fact endorsing the practices of Synagro in dumping sludge on farms and gardens, and in misleading millions of people by selling its sewage sludge products as "compost" and "natural organic fertilizer."
Such partnerships are extremely lucrative for EDF since it aggressively fundraises among the individuals on the Boards of Directors, in management, and who are investors in its partners. Meanwhile, the corporate partner such as Carlyle Group can greenwash itself by pointing to its partnership with one of the world's best funded Big Green environmental groups.
In the 1970s and 1980s EDF and other major environmental groups including Natural Resources Defense Council worked closely with the sewage industry and endorsed moves by the Environmental Protection Agency to rename toxic sewage sludge as "biosolids" and dump the waste onto farmland. Until May, 2011, when EDF requested it be removed, the following quote appeared on a sludge industry website showing endorsement of this practice.
- "EDF and NRDC have been steadfast proponents of reusing biosolids of appropriate quality as the best biosolids management alternative. Biosolids can be a valuable natural resource."
- FRED KRUP, Executive Director - JOHN ADAMS Executive Director
- Environmental Defense Fund - Natural Resources Defense Fund"
EDF's Sean Crowley had the quote taken down, and he points out that there is no date or citation for the quote, which likely came from a consent decree among major environmental groups and the sewage sludge industry. While it is partnered with the world's largest sewage sludge company, Synagro of Carlyle Group, Crowley claims that EDF has no position what so ever on the practice of using agricultural farms and gardens as waste dumps for sewage sludge.
NRDC, on the other hand, became a critic of sludge dumping in 2002 and 2003, based on the dioxin contaminants in sewage sludge.
Krupp serves on the board of the H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment, the John F. Kennedy School of Government Environment Council, the Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, and the Leadership Council of the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies. He was on the President's Advisory Committee on Trade Policy and Negotiations for Presidents Bill Clinton and George W. Bush.
He is the recipient of the 1999 Keystone Leadership in Environment Award, and the 2002 Champion Award from the Women's Council on Energy and the Environment.
In March 2008, he wrote Earth: The Sequel with journalist Miriam Horn, highlighting technology that aims to fight global warming.
He was elected by fellow alumni to serve as an alumni fellow of Yale's Board of Trustees for a six-year term beginning on July 1, 2022.
Events Participated in
|Bilderberg/2012||31 May 2012||3 June 2012||US|
|The 58th Bilderberg, in Chantilly, Virginia. Unusually just 4 years after an earlier Bilderberg meeting there.|
|WEF/Annual Meeting/2011||26 January 2011||30 January 2011||Switzerland||2230 guests in Davos|
|WEF/Annual Meeting/2012||25 January 2012||29 January 2012||World Economic Forum|
|2113 guests in Davos|
|WEF/Annual Meeting/2013||23 January 2013||27 January 2013||World Economic Forum|
|2500 mostly unelected leaders met to discuss "leading through adversity"|
|WEF/Annual Meeting/2014||22 January 2014||25 January 2014||World Economic Forum|
|2604 guests in Davos considered "Reshaping The World"|
- ↑ a b c https://newrepublic.com/article/62836/devils-advocate
- ↑ https://www.edf.org/people/fred-krupp
- ↑ https://www.edf.org/media/corporate-demand-carbon-credits-could-support-climate-ambitions-tropical-forest-countries
- ↑ "Environmentalist Fred Krupp Helps Crush the Ubiquitous Fast-Food Clamshell", People (magazine), Vol. 35, No. 14 (April 15, 1991). Accessed December 23, 2014. "Krupp, 37, learned that lesson as a boy in Verona, N.J."
- ↑ https://www.encyclopedia.com/journals/culture-magazines/krupp-fred
- ↑ Biography of Fred Krupp
- ↑ https://web.archive.org/web/20070207035721/http://www.environmentaldefense.org/documents/5269_ED990FY2005.pdf
- ↑ https://www.edf.org/sites/default/files/FY17_EDF_990.pdf
- ↑ Carlyle Group Teams Up With EDF, The Wall Street Journal, March 18, 2010.
- ↑ EDF Corporate Funding Guidelines, 2011
- ↑ Bio Solids - Notable Quotes, Accessed May 6, 2011.
- ↑ https://news.yale.edu/2022/06/02/alumni-elect-fred-krupp-75-serve-yales-board-trustees
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