| Grover Cleveland |
|Born||Stephen Grover Cleveland|
March 18, 1837
Caldwell, New Jersey, U.S.
|Died||June 24, 1908 (Age 71)|
Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.
|Parents|| • Richard Falley Cleveland|
• Ann Neal
|Children|| • Ruth Cleveland|
• Esther Cleveland
• Richard Cleveland
|Relatives|| • Rose Cleveland|
• Philippa Foot
Stephen Grover Cleveland was both the 22nd and 24th President of the United States. Cleveland is the only president to have served two separate terms (1885–1889 and 1893–1897). He achieved the largest total number of votes in three presidential elections - in 1884, 1888 and 1892, but was not elected in 1888 due to too few electoral votes. He was the only Democrat to be elected president in the Republican-dominated era from 1860 to 1912. Cleveland's admirers praised him for his honesty, independence, integrity, and his work for the principles of classical liberalism. As leader of the Bourbon Democrats, he was opposed to imperialism, taxes, subsidies, and inflationary policies, but as a reformer, he also worked against corruption and friendship services.
Cleveland sent in the army to assist the employers in the Pullman strike in 1894. His support for the gold standard and opposition to "free silver" (the right to have coins made from silver) also was seen as siding with the big banks.
Furthermore, critics lamented that he did not have the great imagination and that he seemed paralyzed during the nation's economic crises - economic depression and strikes - during his second presidency. Despite this, he has since gained a reputation as an honest and characterful man.
- Jeffers, H. Paul: An Honest President: The Life and Presidencies of Grover Cleveland, HarperCollins 2002 page 8-12