Guatemala syphilis experiment
|Date||1946 - 1953|
|Perpetrators||U.S. Public Health Service, U.S. National Institutes of Health|
|Exposed by||Susan Mokotoff Reverby|
|Description||A murderous experiment which infected healthy subjects with syphilis, gonorrhea, chancroid and possibly other diseases.|
The Guatemala syphilis experiment was an experiment which the U.S. Public Health Service began in 1946 to investigate the consequences of syphilis and other STDs.
The U.S. Public Health Service was facing problems after World War II with a lot of veterans suffering from sexually transmitted diseases. The experiments were lead by the US PHS, funded by a grant from the U.S. National Institutes of Health to the Pan American Sanitary Bureau. They were carried out even as the Doctors' trial was ongoing - in which US military authorities tried German doctors for war crimes after they were found to have carried out analagous research. The publication of the Nuremberg Code did nothing to stop these experiments, but may have added to their perpetrators' desire for secrecy.
At least 83 people are reported to have died out of perhaps 1500 who were infected, from about 5500 involved in the study, which included mentally ill patients. The study had no consent forms and patients were not informed of what was really going on. Less than half were ever given any form of treatment.
The experiment lasted until at least 1953, possibly longer.
Information about these experiments was uncovered by chance by Professor Susan Mokotoff Reverby of Wellesley College. Reverby found documents in 2005 in Cutler's archived papers while researching the Tuskegee syphilis study. Later she discovered that they related to a wholly unknown experiment which was carried out outside the US because of legal concerns.
In October 2010, Hillary Clinton and Kathleen Sebelius made a verbal apology. A class action lawsuit was brought on behalf of the victims, but the United States government claimed "sovereign immunity" under the Federal Tort Claims Act, stating that the US Supreme Court "clarified" that the immunity statute "bars all claims based on any injury suffered in a foreign country, regardless of where the tortuous act or omission occurred." The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services promised to invest about $1.8 million while the CDC promised $775,000 over three years to aid in prevention and monitoring of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases in Guatemala.
- "Joint Statement by Secretaries Clinton and Sebelius on a 1946-1948 Study", U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, October 1, 2010
- "U.S. Apologizes For Syphilis Experiments In Guatemala". National Public Radio. 1 October 2010. Retrieved 1 October 2010.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "plain text").
- "U.S. apologizes for newly revealed syphilis experiments done in Guatemala". Washington Post. 1 October 2010. Retrieved 1 October 2010.
The United States issued an unusual apology Friday to Guatemala for conducting experiments in the 1940s in which doctors infected soldiers, prisoners and mental patients with syphilis and other sexually transmitted diseases.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "plain text").