Kaúlza de Arriaga
| Kaúlza de Arriaga |
(soldier, politician, academic)
|Born||18 January 1915|
|Died||2 February 2004 (Age 89)|
Cause of death
|Alma mater||University of Porto|
|Spouse||Reguengos de Monsaraz|
|Member of||Le Cercle|
Portuguese soldier politician who attended a November 1977 meeting of Le Cercle with his aide
Kaúlza de Arriaga
Deep political connections
Taking a military and civil engineering course in the Military Academy which he graduated from in 1939, he was later assigned to the general staff of the Portuguese Institute of Military Studies. Here he petitioned for reforms to the conscription system, as well as training and the integration of paratroopers into the Portuguese Air Force.
He commanded, as the Commander in Chief of the Portuguese Armed Forces, the forces in Mozambique from 1969 until 1974, taking over from General António Augusto dos Santos and organizing the Operation Nó Górdio ("Gordian Knot Operation") in 1970. This operation was the largest and most expensive military operation performed by the Portuguese Armed Forces during the entire Portuguese Colonial War (1961-1974).
Arriaga was a major political figure in the régime before the Carnation Revolution of 25 April 1974 in Lisbon, holding a number of public positions such as Head of the Ministry of Defense Cabinet, Secretary of State for Aeronautics, Professor of the Institute of High Military Studies, President of the Nuclear Energy Joint Commission and Executive President of the oil company Angol SA. After the revolution he has been imprisoned since September 1974 to January 1976.
In 1977 he created the MIRN, a far-right political party, and was chairman until its extinction after the parliamentary elections of 1980.