Lawrence Sidney Eagleburger was a US diplomat, "terror expert" and deep state operative. Eagleburger was listed as one of 16 top terror experts, based on citations in a 135 item media sample. A longtime Kissinger loyalist, he held a number of deep state positions, including assistant to National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger, Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs and, briefly, Secretary of State.
He was director of the military-industrial complex giant Halliburton Corp., the world’s largest oil field services company; and founding partner of Kissinger Associates in 1982. He was also on the board of counselors for the US-sponsored Arabic media group Layalina Productions.
Eagleburger was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the son of Helen (née Van Ornum), an elementary school teacher, and Leon Sidney Eagleburger, a medical doctor. He graduated from P J Jacobs High School in Stevens Point, Wisconsin, then attended Stevens Point State College (now the University of Wisconsin–Stevens Point), before earning his bachelor's and master's degrees from the University of Wisconsin. During his time at Wisconsin, he joined Alpha Sigma Phi fraternity. Eagleburger also served in the United States Army (1952–1954), attaining the rank of first lieutenant.
In 1957, Eagleburger joined the United States Foreign Service, and served in various posts in embassies, consulates, and the Department of State. From 1961 to 1965 he served as a staffer at the U.S. Embassy in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. He was known as the person who handled the Skopje 1963 earthquake crisis, and managed the first US-Soviet humanitarian cooperation, after which he was nicknamed Lawrence of Macedonia.
Starting in 1969, he served in the Nixon administration as an assistant to National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger. He stayed in this appointment until 1971; thereafter he took on several positions, including advisor to the U.S. Mission to NATO in Brussels, and, following Kissinger's appointment as Secretary of State, a number of additional posts in the State Department and Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (1971–73).
Following Nixon's resignation, he briefly left government service. He was then named the Executive Secretary to the Secretary of State from 1975 to 1977, and subsequently was appointed as ambassador to Yugoslavia by President Jimmy Carter, a post he held from 1977 to 1980. While working as Executive Secretary to Kissinger in 1975 he carried out secret talks with the Cubans in New York City.
In 1982, Reagan appointed him as Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs (the State Department's third-ranking position), a position he held for several years.
The summer of 1982 a group of four of George Shultz' assistants, including Eagleburger, completed a position papers arguing for "strategic cooperation" with Israel. Shultz and Robert McFarlane, at the time national security adviser, went to see President reagan and sold him the new policy, over the opposition of CIA Director Casey and Secretary of Defense Weinberger. They argued that it would help contain Soviet expansion in the Middle East. In late October 1983 President Reagan signed National Security Decision Directive 111, establishing strategic cooperation with Israel.
Eagleburger would later be assigned to act as U.S. liaison on bilateral covert activities with Israel.
In 1989, President George H. W. Bush appointed him Deputy Secretary of State (the Department's second-ranking position); he also served as the President's primary advisor for affairs relating to the quickly disintegrating Yugoslavia. On August 23, 1992, James Baker resigned as Secretary of State (to manage Bush's unsuccessful re-election campaign), and Eagleburger served as Acting Secretary of State until Bush gave him a recess appointment for the remainder of the Bush administration.
As Deputy Secretary of State, Lawrence Eagleburger said that drug trafficking by Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega “is aggression as surely as Adolf Hitler’s invasion of Poland 50 years ago was aggression.” A U.S. invasion overthrew Noriega in December 1989.
His period as advisor for Yugoslavian affairs from 1989 to 1992 was controversial as he gained a reputation for being a strong Serbian partisan. This perceived partisanship led the European press to dub him Lawrence of Serbia (a reference to Lawrence of Arabia). Eagleburger had controversial ties to Yugoslavia both in promoting loans to Yugoslavia as a government official (which later became a millstone around the neck for the country) and later serving on the board of a Yugoslav bank as well as with Yugo Motors, USA.
Eagleburger became chairman of the International Commission on Holocaust Era Insurance Claims, or ICHEIC, which was set up in 1998.
- Document:The Experts extract from The "Terrorism" Industry
- Profile pages 42–44: Time, September 7, 1992