Nobel Peace Prize
|Nobel Peace Prize|
|Start||10 December 1901|
The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
Since December 1901, it has been awarded annually (with some exceptions) to those who have "done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses".
Annually on 10 December
According to Alfred Nobel's Will, the recipient is selected by the Norwegian Nobel Committee, a five-member committee appointed by the Parliament of Norway. Since 1990, the prize is awarded on 10 December in Oslo City Hall each year. The prize was formerly awarded in the Atrium of the University of Oslo Faculty of Law (1947–89), the Norwegian Nobel Institute (1905–46), and the Parliament (1901–04).
Due to its political nature, the Nobel Peace Prize has, for most of its history, been the subject of controversies.
- "ICAN has been a driving force in prevailing upon the world's nations to pledge to cooperate … in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit and eliminate nuclear weapons. She noted that similar prohibitions have been reached on chemical and biological weapons, land mines and cluster munitions, but despite being "even more destructive" nuclear weapons have avoided a similar international ban. "The organisation is receiving the award for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons, and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition on such weapons."
Recipients who met untimely deaths
Nobel Peace Prize recipient:
- Carl von Ossietzky died in the Nordend hospital in Berlin-Pankow on 4 May 1938 in police custody.
- Anwar Sadat and
- Yitzhak Rabin were also assassinated.
- "The Nobel Peace Prize 1901". NobelPrize. 1972. Retrieved 2016-03-19.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "Scribunto").
- "Nobel Peace Prize", The Oxford Dictionary of Twentieth Century World History
- "Nobel Peace Prize awarded to International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons"
- "The Nobel Peace Prize 1935 Carl von Ossietzky"