Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies
|Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies|
|Parent organization||Johns Hopkins University|
The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (Johns Hopkins SAIS) has three campuses, one i Washington DC, one in Bologna, Italy and and one in Nanjing, China. It has nearly 700 full-time students in Washington, DC; 190 full-time students in Bologna, Italy; and about 160 full-time students in Nanjing, China. The total number of students, 60 percent come from the United States and 37 percent from more than 70 other countries, amounts to 15,000.
It is one of the top feeder programs to U.S. diplomatic and intelligence services. Many students will go on to important positions, such as Madeleine Albright. Among the most famous professors are Zbigniew Brzezinski, Paul Wolfowitz and Henry Paulson.
The students have found leadership positions in US government agencies, but also in foreign governments, international organizations, investment firms, charitable organizations, financial institutions and businesses, in the areas of diplomacy, education, finance, research, consulting and journalism. It is a central institution in the production of pro-US ruling class leadership.
The Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) was founded in 1943 by Paul H. Nitze and Christian Herter as a standalone graduate school and became part of The Johns Hopkins University in 1950.
Christian A. Herter was leader of a committee (the Herter Committee) which in 1947 presented the report with the proposals that led to President Truman's Marshall Plan. Later he was, among other things, Secretary of State under Eisenhower.
Paul H. Nitze had cover important roles in most post-war US governments and is the principal author of the significant National Security Council Report 68 signed by President Truman in 1950, an important document for the general change in US foreign policy towards a global strategy of US containment of the USSR, which was confirmed by subsequent administrations. Nitze will be the one to give his name to the school of international studies.
Both Herter and Nitze founded the school because they were looking for new ways to effectively prepare the ruling class of tomorrow, methods that could train American men and women in the international responsibilities and tasks that would fall on the US in the new post-war world . International political and economic relations, strategic studies, regional studies (the first, in 1946, was dedicated to the Middle East), and foreign languages was taught; the natural choice for the campus could only be Washington D.C., the center of US politics.
Bologna (Italy) Campus
The Bologna study program falls directly within the US higher education system and is not co-managed with the Italian university system. It was founded in 1955 by C. Grove Haines, a professor of diplomatic history at the SAIS in Washington since 1945, with a mere handful of students. Haines came to Europe in the early 1950s, determined to establish an American university.
Haines had published a book, "The threat of Soviet imperialism", with an introduction by the founder and leader of the SAIS, Christian Herter. The final passage of the intro is:
"The responsibilities of the United States in responding to this danger (Soviet imperialism - ed) are heavy and demanding. We cannot avoid them, if not, it will be at our peril; and we will not able to fulfill them adequately, as leaders of the free world, except by acting with good conscience and understanding of our adversaries, our friends and ourselves. Even if the path ahead is still littered with dangers and pitfalls, we will be better prepared to avoid them."
Over time, the number of students attending SAIS Bologna has increased, from the initial ten, to just under 200 students per year, 50% from the US, 40% from Europe and the rest from Africa, Asia and Latin America.
Partner of the SAIS of Bologna is the Center for Constitutional Studies and Democratic Development founded in 1995. The CCSDD conducts research and training in the field of comparative constitutional law, focusing on countries undergoing a process of democratic transition. Through conferences, workshops, publications, summer schools, study trips, and speaker series, the CCSDD addresses issues of civil society development and legal reform.
The Center's current research focuses on EU enlargement, contemporary political and constitutional transformations in North Africa, the role of constitutional courts in Central Asia, as well as electoral management bodies. Each year, the CCSDD conducts a number of programs including the "European Union and Legal Reform" Summer School in Montenegro, the Sarajevo Study Trip, and the CCSDD Lecture Series. Through conferences, seminars and other programs the Center strives to address issues related to the development of civil society and human rights, reforms and aspects associated with democratization.
The school also works as a recruitment and training center abroad for highly trained and specialized empire management personnel, not only from the United States; they are employed mainly in national governments and in the private sector, but ultimately responding to the international political and economic needs of the United States.
Eric Schmidt, until 2017 executive chairman of Alphabet Inc (formerly Google) has strong ties to the Johns Hopkins SAIS and to Bologna. His father Wilson Emerson Schmidt taught graduate courses in Economics and Development at SAIS Bologna Center in the ’60s, and Eric later financed a professorship there.
Alumni on Wikispooks
|Bernard Fensterwald||2 August 1921||2 April 1991||Lawyer|
|April Glaspie||26 April 1942||Diplomat|
|John Lough||June 1964||UK||Deep state functionary|
|David Manning||5 December 1949||Diplomat|
Deep state functionary
|A senior fellow of the Institute for Statecraft|
|David Shambaugh||18 January 1953||US||Academic||CFR, single Bilderberg US academic, China focus|