| Robert Lambert |
(policeman, spook, academic, “terror expert”)
|Alma mater||Open University, University of Exeter, Birkbeck University of London|
|Founder of||Muslim Contact Unit|
•Robert Lambert/Police career
Undercover policeman turned "terror expert"
Dr Robert "Bob" Lambert MBE, who used the pseudonym 'Bob Robinson', (born February or March 1952) , is a former Metropolitan Police officer turned academic.
A long-serving officer with the Metropolitan Police Special Branch, Lambert was a key member of its secretive Special Demonstration Squad. He served both as an undercover officer - using the false identity 'Bob Robinson' to infiltrate the environmental and animal rights protest movement in the 1980s - and then later as an influential manager of the unit in the 1990s.
He subsequently set up the Muslim Contact Unit within Special Branch, which worked with British Islamists purportedly to temper "radicalisation", before retiring from the police in 2007. He then began a successful second career as an academic, building on his work at MCU.
In October 2011 he was publicly exposed as having been a police spy by some of the London Greenpeace activists upon whom he had spied.
- 1 Background
- 2 Police career
- 3 Academic career
- 4 Lambert's own writings, speaking engagements and media appearances
- 5 Post-Met consultancy and other business interests
- 6 Exposure and post-exposure issues
- 7 Supporters and critics of Lambert
- 8 Court cases
- 9 References
Bob Lambert was born in early 1952; documents at Companies House report he was born in March, whilst a New Yorker article claims that his birthday is 12 February.
Lambert's grandfather Ernest served in the Metropolitan Police for a quarter-century from 1899 until his retirement as an Inspector in 1924. Ernest Lambert died in 1963. Little is currently known about his parents or other antecedents, except that his father was “a London printer and a British soldier” who “entered the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp to help rescue Jewish survivors at the end of the Second World War,” and was subsequently “a staunch supporter of a post war reforming Labour government that set great store by social justice and support for the underprivileged.”
During the 1980s, at the same time as pretending to be animal rights activist ‘Bob Robinson’, Lambert maintained a home in suburban Hertfordshire with his then-wife and their two children. Their daughter died suddenly aged seventeen in 1992, their son Adam in February 2011. Both are believed to have suffered from the same congenital heart disorder.
After divorcing his first wife, Lambert was later remarried to Julia (referred to in the New Yorker as ‘Katharine’).
As well as the aforementioned Lambert family home in Hertfordshire in the 1980s, by the late 1990s Lambert is described as living in a house in north London. It is not yet clear whether the ‘North London personal address’ is distinct from the ‘Hertfordshire family home’.
Further to his October 2011 exposure as a police infiltrator, in January 2012 he was publicly identified as having fathered a child by Jacqui (previously pseudonymised as ‘Charlotte’), an animal rights activist on whom he had spied. Jacqui only discovered that the man she had known as ‘Bob Robinson’, who got her pregnant in 1984 but disappeared in 1988, had in fact been an undercover policeman when she saw a newspaper story with his photograph in it in June 2012.
Legal action begun by Jacqui led to the Metropolitan Police to formally acknowledge Lambert as a police infiltrator under the ‘Bob Robinson’ identity, and to it making a significant out-of-court settlement in relation to the behaviour of the service and its officer.
He is a supporter of Chelsea Football Club, regularly attending matches with other police officers including his former SDS and MCU colleague Jim Boyling. Lambert also shares with Boyling a passion for running, and both attend running club events on the outskirts of London.
- Full article: Robert Lambert/Police career
- Full article: Robert Lambert/Police career
Lambert joined the Metropolitan Police in 1977, aged 25, had a 31 year long career before retiring in 2007 He went undercover as 'Bob Robinson' in the animal rights and environmental milieu in north London in late 1983 or early 1984, until late 1988. After being pulled out of his SDS undercover tour, Lambert was redeployed elsewhere in MPSB, first finding a new home in E Squad, which dealt with worldwide "terrorist" threats (excluding those related to Northern Ireland, which were handled by B Squad). In November 1993 Lambert returned to SDS, taking on the role of Controller of Operations. In January 2002 he set up the Muslim Contact Unit, which he termed "a graveyard in career terms".
According to Lambert his involvement in academic issues began in 1995, when he received a first class degree from the Open University for an interdisciplinary undergraduate degree on European cultural history. In 2003 - whilst running MCU - he received a masters from Birkbeck College at the University of London.
Following his retirement from the Met, in 2008 he took up a place as a PhD student at the University of Exeter, an institution with which he maintained links until at least 2011 (in October of which he was exposed as a spook). From 2008 he also began teaching on a course managed by St. Andrews University. In 2012 he took up a senior lecturing position at London Metropolitan University.
In 2010 he was awarded a PhD by the University of Exeter. His dissertation was entitled The London Partnerships: an Insider’s Analysis of Legitimacy and Effectiveness. This dissertation (and the research underpinning it) later became the basis of his book, Countering Al-Qaeda in London: Police and Muslims in Partnership, as well as numerous other pieces of work.
Despite his retirement from the police in 2007, Lambert continued to engage with the Muslim Contact Unit through his academic work.
Just before Christmas 2015, Lambert quit his jobs at both his academic posts, after campaigners had written to St Andrews' principal Louise Richardson.
University of Exeter & EMRC
After retiring from the Met in late 2007, he became a Research Fellow at the Institute for Arab and Islamic Studies in the University of Exeter's politics department, a post he held from 2008 until 2011.
Whilst at Exeter he became closely associated with Professor Jonathan Githens-Mazer, and in September 2009 the two together set up the European Muslim Research Centre (EMRC), which was officially launched the following January.
Following the exposure of Lambert as a former undercover police officer in October 2011, Exeter's university management has remained tight-lipped, making no statement about its errant academic, despite having previously heralded much of his work - right up to September, when the press office plugged the launch of Lambert's book at the Houses of Parliament.
Since then, though, the EMRC appears to have been quietly dismantled, with Lambert and Githens-Mazer going their separate ways, and Labert's name as co-director of the Centre being removed from their website sometime in the Summer of 2012.
St. Andrews University & CSTPV
In parallel to his post at Exeter, in September 2008 Lambert began teaching, lecturing and supervising dissertations on the e-learning MLitt terrorism studies course provided by St Andrews University's Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence (CSTPV), which has a lot of "terror experts". That Lambert began work at St. Andrews University in September 2008 is obliquely corroborated by the reference in his book to “commenc[ing] regular train journeys from...Kings Cross [in central London] to Leuchars” - the nearest rail station to St. Andrews - in that month. 
Since at least 2006 former senior Metropolitan Police officer David Veness - who as Assistant Commissioner (Specialist Operations) had direct oversight of SDS between 1994 and 2005, as well as a personal working relationship with Lambert through the offices of the Muslim Safety Forum, which Veness chaired - has held the position of Honorary Professor of Terrorism Studies at CSTPV.
London Metropolitan University & John Grieve Centre
In September 2012 - that is, nearly one year after his exposure - Lambert was hired by the John Grieve Centre for Policing and Community Safety (also known as JGC), a criminology unit based at the London Metropolitan University.
Lambert's role at London Met was not merely as a teacher, but as a course leader on the undergraduate Criminology and Law course, and as part of the team running the university's Professional Doctorate in Policing and Security (“the only doctorate course specifically in policing in the country”). For his work on the latter Lambert was fulsomely praised by vice-chancellor Malcolm Gillies in July 2013 “for giving excellent supervision while ensuring the course goes from strength to strength.” It is not known whether Lambert has continued his involvement on the undergraduate course.
The John Grieve Centre was originally established and led by former MPS senior officer (and recurring figure in the story of undercover policing) John Grieve at Buckinghamshire Chilterns University College in 2003, before it was transferred to London Metropolitan in April 2006.
Of the seven ‘John Grieve Centre Team’ members noted by London Met's website other than Lambert himself, three have Metropolitan Police backgrounds, two worked for either MPS Anti-Terrorist Branch (SO12) or Special Branch (SO13) (now combined together as Counter Terrorism Command or SO15), two are alumni of St. Andrews University's Terrorism Studies course, and one has close connections to the University of Exeter's EMRC.
In December 2015, after a long-running picketing campaign in London and a series of articles about undercover officers operating in Scotland, Bob Lambert announced his resignation from both his academic posts. According to a University of St. Andrews spokesman, Lambert tendered his resignation with effect from the end of the current term.
The announcement came a week after a letter to university principal Louise Richardson at St. Andrews, signed by spied-on activists Helen Steel, Lois Austen and Dave Smith, as well George Monbiot (who holds an honorary doctorate from St. Andrews):
- We believe that his [Lambert] past conduct as a central figure in the Metropolitan Police’s Special Demonstration Squad means that he is supremely unsuitable for teaching and shaping the thoughts of others in his current position.
- The SDS’ abuse of citizens and undermining of legitimate campaigns are one of the darkest corners of Metropolitan Police history. Lambert is no role model and should not be trading on his abuses.
The letter gave a detailed account of Lambert’s history as an SDS officer and further noted:
- One has to wonder, if all this is not enough to make him unfit to teach others, what does it take? With fresh revelations coming to light almost weekly and the public inquiry about to begin, we can be confident there will be more.
Lambert's own writings, speaking engagements and media appearances
- See forthcoming page Bob Lambert Writing and Speaking for the fullest compendium yet of such material
From his retirement at the end of 2007 until his exposure in late 2011, Lambert built up a reputation as an expert on islamophobia and police-Muslim community engagement. This enabled him to speak at many academic and political events, to have articles accepted by peer-reviewed journals, to be interviewed by both specialist and mainstream media, and even gave him regular opinion pieces in the ‘Comment is Free’ section of The Guardian website.
After being exposed as a spy, Lambert's appearances on conference platforms, in journals and as an invited author in the pages of liberal newspapers have been noticeably reduced.
Post-Met consultancy and other business interests
Following his retirement from the police, Lambert became a director of a number of companies, each of which was directly connected to his academic work and contacts, but which were also linked to his past work in Special Branch.
- Full article: STREET
- Full article: STREET
In the words of founder Dr Abdul Haqq Baker, the Lambeth-based islamic youth outreach project ‘Strategy To Reach Empower and Educate Teenagers’ (also known as ‘STREET UK’) was set up “to provide alternative and safe environments for young Muslims to interact and comfortably express themselves among peers sharing ideas, aspirations and concerns.” It should be noted that STREET, whilst not officially incorporated until 2008, had been mooted as a project at least as early as 2006, and by Baker's account was active from March 2007 (though some other sources put STREET's foundation as taking place in 2006).
STREET was set up as a company by two Hertfordshire-based business registration services, Qa Nominees Ltd and Qa Registrars Ltd.. Its business address - both in terms of a registered and a trading address - was given as 54 Anson Road in Cricklewood, north-west London.
Bob Lambert was appointed director with Dr Abdul Haqq Baker, the initiator of STREET.
Lambert started this company after his retirement from the Met, but before he took up his posts at either St. Andrews University or the University of Exeter.) A salafi convert from Brixton, Baker worked with Lambert at least as far back as 2002, when MCU made contact with leading members of Brixton Mosque in the wake of the arrest of attempted ‘shoe-bomber’ Richard Reid, and they subsequently became academic colleagues. This academic partnership began at St. Andrews University, where - like Lambert - Baker lectured on the CSTPV Terrorism Studies course; and continued at the University of Exeter, where Baker was a research fellow in the EMRC run by Lambert.
Lambert's own son by his first wife, Adam, was seemingly also involved in STREET. According to Lambert he “played a pivotal role in establishing [STREET] as an effective and legitimate youth outreach project in Brixton”, working as its operations manager from July 2008 until his death in February 2011.
Lambert Consultancy and Training Ltd
In August 2008 Lambert set up a company called ‘Lambert Consultancy and Training Limited’, with his second wife Julia as its secretary, and - as with STREET - its registered address was given as 54 Anson Road in Cricklewood, north-west London. In March 2009 Lambert brought in his academic collaborator from the University of Exeter, Dr Jonathan Githens-Mazer, and Githens-Mazer's wife Gayle, as directors of the company. The company was dissolved one year later on 30 March 2010, having filed no accounts.
- Full article: Siraat Ltd
- Full article: Siraat Ltd
In January 2009 Lambert, along with Raymond Boakye and Carey Anderson, set up Siraat Ltd, a “prison-based mentoring project across southern England” with an address at a business centre on Coldharbour Lane in south London's Brixton.
Siraat filed its last accounts in January 2010, its last tax return in January 2011, and was officially dissolved in July 2014. Neither Lambert - who as designated company secretary had legal responsibilities for ensuring timely business filings to Companies House - nor the others formally resigned as directors before Siraat's dissolution.
In addition to his directorship of Siraat Ltd, Carey Anderson - under the name Abdur Rahman Anderson - was also a director of Street Consultancy Ltd, which he set up with Abdul Haqq Baker (who used the name Anthony Baker) in March 2007, with a third director and trustee, Sameer Koomson, joining in June 2007. Like STREET and Lambert's own consultancy, this too was registered to the 54 Anson Road address in Cricklewood.
West London IMPACT
Whilst Lambert was never directly involved as a company director, he was tangentially connected to the Initiative for Muslim Progression And Community Tolerance (West London IMPACT) project. IMPACT was set up in December 2009 by Abdul Haqq Baker, Valerie Chung and Najeeb Ahmed, using company formation agent Graham Cowan and with a trading address in the West London neighbourhood of Southall. Baker and Chung both resigned as directors in March 2012, leaving Ahmed in charge. The organisation remained extant and up to date with its business filings as up until its dissolution in February 2013.
Withdrawal of government funding
STREET, Siraat and IMPACT initially all received significant income (estimated by the Daily Telegraph to be nearly £1.3 million) through the "counter-terrorism" funding stream administered by the Office for Security and Counter-Terrorism (OSCT).
By February 2011 all three had their government grants cut by OSCT as part of a shake-up of the government's PREVENT strategy.
Exposure and post-exposure issues
Having worked undercover as ‘Bob Robinson’ from early 1984 until late 1988 without being exposed, Lambert came out of the shadows somewhat in the mid-2000s in his new role as head of the Muslim Contact Unit. Whilst as a Special Branch officer he was not a wholly public figure, his community engagement work did see him make some public statements at least as far back as 2006. At the same time as his police career was winding down, his academic work began to take off. By November 2007, he had been publicly lauded in person by both the Muslim Council of Britain and the Islamic Human Rights Commission.
Having retired from the Met, he seemed to fully embrace the public acknowledgement of his work (both positive and negative), and accepted invitations to speak at academic and political events as an expert on subjects such as community engagement policing or islamophobia. Whilst Lambert's past as an officer with the MPSB, was to some degree known as he built up his academic reputation, he did not publicise his own close involvement in its undercover operations. Indeed, in his book, discussing the work of fellow Special Branch officer-turned-academic and private sector consultant Lindsay Clutterbuck in analysing MPSB files from the 1880s, he noted disapprovingly that from its inception the Branch had favoured covert spying tactics over transparent interaction with particular communities: “Infiltration rather than community partnerships were the popular hallmarks of an elite police department first established in 1883 to combat the threat to the capital posed by Irish republican bombers.”
It was after seeing videos of Dr Robert Lambert speak at anti-racism events that several former London Greenpeace campaigners determined that the ex-Special Branch officer-turned-academic was the same person as the animal rights activist they had known as ‘Bob Robinson’ in the 1980s. A group of them then decided to attend a Unite Against Fascism/One Society Many Cultures anti-racism conference at Congress House in Central London where Lambert was scheduled to speak on 15 October 2011, and publicly exposed him as a police spy.
‘Apologies’ by Bob Lambert
Since his exposure in October 2011 as a former undercover police spy, Bob Lambert has made only a handful of public statements in relation to his time in SDS. Each of these can be seen to include only the barest admissions necessary at that time, with his words chosen extremely carefully.
We list and summarise each of them below:
- Lambert's reply to Spinwatch open letter (23 October 2011)
Following his public exposure, Spinwatch - which noted that it had “shared platforms with Bob Lambert...at public meetings and at academic conferences” - published an open letter to Lambert calling on him to confirm or deny “the specific allegations so far made public...give an account of what you now think of your previous activities...disavow any previous activities [and] publically apologise to the activists who you allegedly betrayed.
Lambert's response was to “apologise unreservedly for the deception I therefore practiced on law abiding members of London Greenpeace [and] for forming false friendships with law abiding citizens and in particular forming a long term relationship with [Name of person removed] who had every reason to think I was a committed animal rights activist and a genuine London Greenpeace campaigner.” However, he justified his actions by saying that he had been “deployed as an undercover Met special branch officer to identify and prosecute members of Animal Liberation Front who were then engaged in incendiary device and explosive device campaigns against targets in the vivisection, meat and fur trades,” and needed “the necessary credibility to become involved in serious crime”. He makes no specific mention of the Debenhams case, nor of the extended infiltration targeting London Greenpeace members by subsequent SDS officers such as John Dines or Jim Boyling, which he was at least in part responsible for supervising.
- Response to The Guardian (23 October 2011)
The same day as Lambert's reply to Spinwatch was published, The Guardian also published a story based on “a statement” from Lambert “after the Guardian contacted him”. All direct quotations attributed to Lambert appear to be identical to sections of the Spinwatch reply, which is also referenced, which may imply that Lambert did not respond separately or differently to The Guardian.
- ‘Rebuilding Trust and Credibility’ (1 February 2012)
Styled by Lambert as his own “preliminary commentary” on his role as a full-time police mole within London Greenpeace and other groups, ‘Rebuilding Trust and Credibility’ was a brief text which he placed on his profile page on the St. Andrews University website. In it he again plugged his book, points to his earlier public apology, and adds that he hopes to continue in his work with Muslim communities. He makes reference to “The recent trial of two members of a gang that murdered Stephen Lawrence in 1993” which “serves to remind us of the self inflicted damage the Metropolitan Police has had to overcome when seeking to rebuild trust with minority ethnic Londoners” - but of course says nothing about his own key role in facilitating the flow of secret intelligence from spies in the Lawrence family camp to the team leading the Met's whitewashed response to the Macpherson Report. He alludes to his relationship with Belinda Harvey, but due to the civil litigation by then begun, he rows back to “alleged”.
- Interview with Channel 4 News (2-5 July 2013)
By the time of his first onscreen television interview since his exposure, the mother of the child whom Lambert fathered whilst undercover - Jacqui - had come forward, so now he admitted to having had four relationships with women whilst deployed in the field. Besides Jacqui and Belinda Harvey, nothing is publicly known about the other two. Lambert apologises to Jacqui and Belinda, but insists that he fell in love with them both. He refuses to say whether senior officers knew that he had fathered a child whilst undercover, but indicates that he will offer a full account to “the investigation team”, by which he presumably means Operation Herne. He denies that he was involved “in the planting or the ignition” of the Debenhams incendiary device. He admits that “on occasions” he was arrested as ‘Bob Robinson’ and implies that he used that identity more than once in court. He admits to co-authoring the McLibel leaflet, but denies knowing if McDonald's were aware of police involvement in the document. He again claims that his behaviour should not reflect negatively on his SDS colleagues, “the overwhelming majority” of whom “behaved impeccably at all times”.
- Article in Critical Studies on Terrorism (7 April 2014)
Whilst rather illuminating in the way that he discusses - if somewhat opaquely - his work in SDS, early on in the article Lambert explains that he “will not write my own full account in response to [the Evans/Lewis book] Undercover and [Paul Lewis' television documentary] Dispatches until I have first discharged my legal obligations to the investigations and court proceedings”. Accordingly, there are no further specific apologies to allegations, only that he “accept[s] blame for mistakes I made as an undercover police officer in the 1980s” and that he has “made public apologies for them”. He states that he does “not accept the pejorative account of my role in undercover policing” by Evans and Lewis.
Supporters and critics of Lambert
Since his exit from the Metropolitan Police, Lambert has received both positive and negative acknowledgement of his work. Around the time of his retirement, he was presented with first a ‘Friends of Islam’ award by the Muslim Council of Britain, and then a trophy from the Islamic Human Rights Commission “In appreciation for his integrity and commitment to promoting a fair, just and secure society for all, which, is a rarity and will be greatly missed”. He was also inducted as a Member of the Order of the British Empire “for Services to the Police” in June 2008, enabling him to style himself ‘Dr. Robert Lambert MBE’. A ‘Dialogue and Building Bridges’ award followed the next month courtesy of the Cordoba Foundation, at that year's Islam Expo.
However, following his exposure by London Greenpeace activists in October 2011, Lambert has been targeted by a number of protests. On 9 February 2012 animal rights activists disrupted a public seminar at St. Andrews University which Lambert was scheduled to speak at, reportedly leaving him “startled” as he was heckled over his activities as an undercover police spy. Leaflets detailing his infiltration were also distributed.
Then in February 2013 two online petitions were started, one calling for Lambert to apologise and face disciplinary action from his then-employer St. Andrews University, the other demanding that he be stripped of his MBE. To date, neither has drawn significant support.
Next, in October 2013 a preview of a documentary film on the subject of police infiltration of political activist groups was shown at St. Andrews University, and students leafleted to inform them of Lambert's past. This followed a number of articles published in student magazine The Saint which outlined Lambert's role as a police spy.
By March 2014 the London Metropolitan University branch of Unison had voted to support Campaign Opposing Police Surveillance, which works to publicise and resist police infiltration of political movements. This was then followed by a “packed public meeting” on the subject hosted by Unison at London Met in November. Later that year saw the creation of a group called [Islington Against Police Spies]. Comprising residents from the area around the university as well as those who studying or working in it, IAPS called for a series of pickets at London Met, describing Lambert as “a known liar, spy and exploiter of women - not in any way a fit person to be trusted teaching students at this University”, and with the aim of keeping up “pressure on London Met until they fire him”. This then led to wider coverage of the issue in the national media. London Met's management was then forced to defend Lambert publicly, whilst a handful of individuals - notably the aforementioned fellow John Grieve Centre senior lecturer Tim Parsons, academic colleague Stefano Bonino and Finsbury Park Mosque's Mohammed Kosbar - have offered Lambert their public support.
In December 2011 Lambert was named in legal proceedings brought by eight women, including Belinda Harvey, who had had long-term relationships with undercover officers. The Metropolitan Police faced separate litigation from Jacqui, the unwitting mother of Lambert's ‘undercover son’. The Met settled this second suit out-of-court in October 2014 for £425,000.
- ↑ a b c d e f g Lauren Collins, ‘The Spy Who Loved Me: An undercover surveillance operation that went too far’, The New Yorker, August 25 2014 issue (accessed 30 September 2014).
- ↑ ‘ROBERT LAMBERT’, Companies House website, 2016 (accessed 25 May 2016).
- ↑ It should be noted that in all his Companies House registrations, Lambert's birth month is given as March 1952, whereas in her New Yorker article Lauren Collins states very specifically that “Bob’s real birthday is sixteen days earlier” than that of the original Mark Robert Charles Robinson, whose identity Lambert stole, which would put it at 12 February 1952. It is possibly that Collins meant sixteen days later, in which case it would be 16 March 1952.
- ↑ London Greenpeace, ‘Undercover police agent publicly outed at conference’, IndyMedia UK, 40831 (accessed 8 November 2014).
- ↑ Companies House, ‘Mr Robert Lambert’ (company director profile), DueDil.com (accessed 15 March 2014),
- ↑ a b c Robert Lambert, Staff, Exeter University website (via archive.org), 2012 (accessed 19 April 2014).
- ↑ Robert Lambert, Countering Al-Qaeda In London: Police and Muslims in Partnership, C Hurst & Co, 2011, p3.
- ↑ Robert Lambert, Countering Al-Qaeda In London: Police and Muslims in Partnership, C Hurst & Co, 2011, p5.
- ↑ Rob Evans & Paul Lewis, Undercover: The True Story of Britain's Secret Police, Faber & Faber/Guardian Books, 2013, p29. Note that a typo renders this as “suburban Herefordshire” - a county in the English West Midlands which lies 130 miles away from London - rather than Hertfordshire, which is immediately north of Greater London. Rob Evans has confirmed to the author that this was a simple proofreading mistake, and that Lambert's home during his SDS deployment (and subsequently) was in Hertfordshire not Herefordshire (correspondence, March-April 2015.)
- ↑ Frances Hardy, ‘Caught in a monstrous web of lies: They met. Fell in love. Had a baby. Jacqui thought she'd found the perfect man, in fact he was an undercover police officer’, Daily Mail, 3 December 2014 (accessed 4 December 2014).
- ↑ a b Robert Lambert, Countering Al-Qaeda In London: Police and Muslims in Partnership, C Hurst & Co, 2011, p vii. Note that this dedication indicates that Lambert had inducted his acknowledged son into his Special Branch-related work at STREET UK.
- ↑ Robert Lambert, Countering Al-Qaeda In London: Police and Muslims in Partnership, C Hurst & Co, 2011, p13.
- ↑ Mark Duell, ‘Metropolitan Police agrees to pay £425,000 compensation to woman who had child by undercover officer: She had 'psychiatric care after learning of his real identity'’, Mail Online, 24 October 2014 (accessed 8 November 2014).
- ↑ Glenda Cooper, ‘Bob Lambert, undercover cops, and the awful cost of sleeping with the enemy’, Daily Telegraph, 25 October 2014 (accessed 8 November 2014).
- ↑ Robert Lambert, Countering Al-Qaeda In London: Police and Muslims in Partnership, C Hurst & Co, 2011, p.xi.
- ↑ Mark Ellison QC, Stephen Lawrence review: volume 1, HMSO, 2014 p235 (accessed 16 April 2014). The Ellison Review quotes Richard Walton as saying that he attended a meeting with Lambert and SDS undercover officer ‘N81’ at “Bob Lambert's personal address...in North London.” No further detail about this property is currently known.
- ↑ It should be noted that some towns in the south of Hertfordshire - such as Elstree, Borehamwood and Potters Bar - could conceivably be described as ‘north London’. Further clarification on this issue is required.
- ↑ The son of Jacqui and Lambert has subsequently been identified by The New Yorker and others as 'Francis'.
- ↑ See page on pseudonyms for more on the various names used as different times to refer to individuals targeted by police infiltrators.
- ↑ Rob Evans, Paul Lewis, ‘Undercover police had children with activists’, Guardian, 40928 (accessed 8 November 2014).
- ↑ Rob Evans & Paul Lewis, Undercover: The True Story of Britain's Secret Police, Faber & Faber/Guardian Books, 2013, p47, (accessed 8 November 2014)
- ↑ Rob Evans, Paul Lewis, ‘Anatomy of a betrayal: the undercover officer accused of deceiving two women, fathering a child, then vanishing’, Guardian, 41326 (accessed 8 November 2014).
- ↑ Suzannah Hills, ‘Mother claims missing father of her child was undercover policeman accused by MP of leaving bomb in department store’, Mail Online, 6 February 2013 (accessed 8 November 2014).
- ↑ unknown author, ‘Met pays more than £400,000 to mother of undercover policeman and former Exeter University academic's child’, Exeter Express & Echo, 24 October 2014 (accessed 8 November 2014).
- ↑ Rob Evans, ‘Met police to pay more than £400,00 to victim of undercover officer’, The Guardian, 23 October 2014 (accessed 8 November 2014).
- ↑ Rob Evans & Paul Lewis, Undercover: The True Story of Britain's Secret Police, Faber & Faber/Guardian Books, 2013, p160.
- ↑ Sue, ‘Jim Sutton – undercover cop in Reclaim the Streets’, Indymedia UK, 19 January 2011 (accessed 4 June 2014).
- ↑ Epsom Oddballs Running Club, ‘MABAC rep & Events Secretary’, Epsom Oddballs Running Club website (accessed 4 June 2014).
- ↑ nonsuchoffice, ‘A big thank you to today's volunteers for putting on another great event’, Nonsuch Parkrun website, 6 December 2012 (accessed 18 February 2015).
- ↑ Possible photograph of Bob Lambert (back row far left, 177) and Jim Boyling (back row fifth from left, 176) in: Lauren Nelson, Epsom Oddballs team photo, Epsom Oddballs Facebook page, 11 July 2011 (accessed 18 February 2015).
- ↑ Rob Evans & Paul Lewis, Undercover: The True Story of Britain's Secret Police, Faber & Faber, 2013, p27.
- ↑ Handa Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence staff page, ‘Dr Robert Lambert - Lecturer in Terrorism Studies’, University of St. Andrews website (accessed 15 March 2014).
- ↑ Rob Evans & Paul Lewis, Undercover: The True Story of Britain's Secret Police, Faber & Faber, 2013, p55.
- ↑ Rob Evans & Paul Lewis, Undercover: The True Story of Britain's Secret Police, Faber & Faber/Guardian Books, 2013, p55.
- ↑ a b c d e Robert Lambert, Staff profile page, Handa Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence, University of St. Andrews website, 2012 (accessed 19 April 2014).
- ↑ a b Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Robert Lambert, London Metropolitan University (accessed 3 April 2014).
- ↑ Lambert implies an association with the University of Exeter from September 2005 - see the reference in his book to “commenc[ing] regular train journeys from Paddington [in central London] to Exeter St. David's” in that month. Robert Lambert, Countering Al-Qaeda in London: Police and Muslims in Partnership, Hurst & Company, 2011, p.xvi.
- ↑ Robert Lambert, Staff profile page, John Grieve Policing Centre, London Metropolitan University website, 2013 (accessed 19 April 2014).
- ↑ a b London Metropolitan University, Course Handbook: BSc (Hons) Criminology and Law (2012-2013), London Metropolitan University, 2012 (accessed 9 March 2015).
- ↑ a b London Metropolitan University, Course Handbook: BA (Hons) Criminology and Law (2013-2014), London Metropolitan University, 2013 (accessed 9 March 2015).
- ↑ The University of Exeter has never satisfactorily explained the ending of its relationship with Bob Lambert. It was only in January 2015 that The Guardian was able to report that the university “confirmed that Lambert resigned from the university in October 2011 - the same month his undercover past was exposed.” As journalist Rob Evans notes, “We asked Exeter University why he resigned but, after some delay, they refused to explain.” See: Rob Evans, ‘University under pressure to sack controversial former undercover spy Bob Lambert’, The Guardian, 6 January 2015 (accessed 9 March 2015).
- ↑ a b Robert Lambert, Countering Al-Qaeda In London: Police and Muslims in Partnership, C Hurst & Co, 2011, p390.
- ↑ European Muslim Research Centre, ‘Staff’, University of Exeter (via archive.org), 8 June 2012 (accessed 3 April 2014).
- ↑ a b c Robert Lambert, Countering Al-Qaeda in London: Police and Muslims in Partnership, Hurst & Company, 2011.
- ↑ Dr Jonathan Githens-Mazer & Dr Robert Lambert MBE, Islamophobia and Anti-Muslim Hate Crime: A London Case Study'' (research project), European Muslim Research Centre/University of Exeter, January 2010 (accessed via counterextremism.org 16 April 2014).
- ↑ Robert Lambert & Jonathan Githens-Mazer, Islamophobia and Anti-Muslim Hate Crime: UK Case Studies 2010 - An introduction to a ten year Europe-wide research project (first edition) (research project) European Muslim Research Centre/University of Exeter, November 2010 (accessed via counterextremism.org 11 June 2014).
- ↑ Robert Lambert & Jonathan Githens-Mazer, Islamophobia and Anti-Muslim Hate Crime: UK Case Studies 2010 - An introduction to a ten year Europe-wide research project (second edition) (research project), European Muslim Research Centre/University of Exeter, January 2011 (accessed via archive.org 11 June 2014).
- ↑ a b Robert Lambert, ‘Researching counterterrorism: a personal perspective from a former undercover police officer’. Critical Studies on Terrorism Volume 7 Number 1, pp165-181 (2014).
- ↑ For example, see the inclusion of “Muslim Contact Unit SO15” in the note of “organisations represented in the audience” in this invitation list for a March 2010 Cordoba-hosted debate at which Lambert was a key participant: Cordoba Foundation, Tackling Islamophobia - Reducing Street Violence Against British Muslims, notice of debate organised by Cordoba Foundation, 3 March 2010 (accessed 21 November 2014).
- ↑ a b Paul Hutcheon, ‘St Andrews University called on to sack former police sex spy Bob Lambert’, Sunday Herald, 13 December 2015 (accessed 26 March 2016).
- ↑ Department of Politics, ‘Mr Robert Lambert’, University of Exeter (via archive.org), 24 September 2010 (accessed 3 April 2014).
- ↑ Department of Politics, ‘Dr Robert Lambert’, University of Exeter (via archive.org), 24 April 2011 (accessed 3 April 2014).
- ↑ European Muslim Research Centre, ‘News’, University of Exeter website (via archive.org), 15 August 2010 (accessed 16 March 2014).
- ↑ European Muslim Research Centre, ‘EMRC homepage’, University of Exeter website (via archive.org), 16 February 2012 (accessed 16 March 2014).
- ↑ University of Exeter Press Office, ‘Counter terrorism research published’, University of Exeter, 7 September 2011 (accessed 18 February 2015).
- ↑ European Muslim Research Centre, ‘Staff’, EMRC website (via archive.org), 8 June 2012 (accessed 16 March 2014).
- ↑ European Muslim Research Centre, ‘Staff’, EMRC website (via archive.org), 29 August 2012 (accessed 16 March 2014).
- ↑ See Robert Lambert, Countering Al-Qaeda in London: Police and Muslims in Partnership, Hurst & Company, 2011, p.xvi.
- ↑ Handa Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence staff page, ‘Sir David Veness’, University of St. Andrews website (accessed 16 April 2014).
- ↑ a b London Metropolitan University, ‘About us (2015 version)’, London Metropolitan University website, 2015? (accessed 22 March 2015).
- ↑ a b London Metropolitan University, ‘About us (2013 version)’, London Metropolitan University website, 2013 (accessed 22 March 2015).
- ↑ Malcolm Gillies, ‘July 2013 Staff Newsletter from the Vice-Chancellor’, London Metropolitan University website, 26 July 2013 (accessed 22 March 2015).
- ↑ Whilst Lambert is named as course leader in the 2012-13 and 2013-14 prospectuses, in the 2014-25 one he has been supplanted by Devinder Curry. London Metropolitan University, Course Handbook: BA (Hons) Criminology and Law (2014-2015), London Metropolitan University, 2014 (accessed 9 March 2015).
- ↑ MPS backgrounds: Tim Fairley, John Grieve and Nick Ridley. Anti-Terrorist Branch: John Grieve and Nick Ridley. MPSB: Nick Ridley. St. Andrews University Terrorism Studies: Tim Fairley and Douglas Weeks. EMRC: Tim Parsons. Source: London Metropolitan University, ‘About us (2015 version)’, London Metropolitan University website, 2015? (accessed 22 March 2015).
- ↑ Joseph Cassidy, ‘Bob Lambert resigns as University lecturer over spying controversy’, The Saint, 22 December 2015 (accessed 31 January 2016).
- ↑ Paul Hutcheon, ‘Former undercover police officer Bob Lambert quits St Andrews University teaching post over outcry’, The Herald, 23 December 2015 (accessed 26 March 2016).
- ↑ Rob Evans, ‘Ex-undercover officer who infiltrated political groups resigns from academic posts’, The Guardian, 23 December 2015 (accessed 26 March 2016).
- ↑ Chris Havergal, ‘Former undercover police officer resigns academic posts’, Times Higher Education, 23 December 2015 (accessed 26 March 2016).
- ↑ William McLennan, ‘Lecturer who faced protests over ‘police spy’ past, hands in his notice at Holloway Road university’, Islington Tribune, 30 December 2015 (accessed 26 March 2016).
- ↑ Comment is Free, ‘Robert Lambert (profile page)’, The Guardian, 2011 (accessed 29 April 2015).
- ↑ As an approximate guide, in the years 2007-2011 Lambert had nine articles published by academic journals; since his outing only one more - and that dealt, if obliquely, with his public unmasking (see: Robert Lambert, ‘Researching counterterrorism: a personal perspective from a former undercover police officer’. Critical Studies on Terrorism Volume 7 Number 1, pp165-181 (2014).) Similarly, compared to thirty-six articles attributed to Lambert's authorship which were published by newspapers, magazines or websites prior to his exposure, only six more have come out since October 2011. (Count accurate to March 2016.)
- ↑ The author previously delved into this aspect of Lambert's life in a series of blog posts. See: BristleKRS, ‘On cop-spies and paid betrayers (1.2): Doctor Bob Lambert, his academic friends and the tightening purse-strings’, Bristle's Blog From The BunKRS, 6 September 2012 (accessed 18 April 2015); and BristleKRS, ‘On cop-spies and paid betrayers (1.3): Lambert of the Yard and the mystery of his ‘suburban terror bunker’ trading address’, Bristle's Blog From The BunKRS, 8 September 2012 (accessed 18 April 2015).
- ↑ Anthony [Abdul Haqq] Baker, Countering Terrorism in the UK: A Convert Community Perspective, University of Exeter, University of Exeter, November 2009 (accessed 18 November 2014), p330.
- ↑ Baker notes at n1121 in his doctoral thesis that the first draft of the proposal outlining what would become STREET was dated 16 June 2006. See: Anthony [Abdul Haqq] Baker, Countering Terrorism in the UK: A Convert Community Perspective, University of Exeter, University of Exeter, November 2009 (accessed 18 November 2014), p326.
- ↑ Rachel Briggs, Catherine Fieschi & Hannah Lownsbrough, Bringing it Home: Community-based approaches to counter-terrorism, DEMOS, December 2006 (accessed 16 April 2014), pp75-76.
- ↑ Abdul Haqq Baker, Dr Abdul Haqq Baker staff profile page, -, 2012 (accessed 18 April 2015).
- ↑ Anthony [Abdul Haqq] Baker, Countering Terrorism in the UK: A Convert Community Perspective, University of Exeter, University of Exeter, November 2009 (accessed 18 November 2014), p160.
- ↑ Jack Barclay, Strategy to Reach, Empower, and Educate Teenagers (STREET): A Case Study in Government-Community Partnership and Direct Intervention to Counter Violent Extremism, Center on Global Counterterrorism Cooperation, December 2011(accessed 21 November 2014).
- ↑ Companies House, STRATEGY TO REACH EMPOWER AND EDUCATE TEENAGERS (STREET UK) LIMITED, Companies House (via CompanyCheck.co.uk), 2012 (accessed 18 April 2015).
- ↑ Companies House, ROBERT LAMBERT, Companies House (via CompanyCheck.co.uk), 2012 (accessed 18 April 2015).
- ↑ Companies House, ABDUL HAQQ BAKER, Companies House (via CompanyCheck.co.uk), 2012 (accessed 18 April 2015).
- ↑ STREET was set up as a company on 6 May 2008, it was nearly two weeks - before any directors were appointed: Lambert on 18 May and Dr Abdul Haqq Baker on 19 May.
- ↑ See Lambert's career timeline for contextualisation.
- ↑ Robert Lambert, Countering Al-Qaeda in London: Police and Muslims in Partnership, Hurst & Company, 2011, pp155-156.
- ↑ Palgrave Macmillan, ‘About the Author: Abdul Haqq Baker’, Palgrave Macmillan, 2011 (accessed 18 April 2015).
- ↑ Curiously, Baker himself points towards the failure of the police investigation into the 1993 murder of Stephen Lawrence (“and ensuing ineptitude”) as highly pre-eminent amongst the “negative pre-conversion experiences” of many black (and some white) British muslim converts, who then “continue to view statutory authorities and governmental agencies with mistrust.” Quite how he now sees Lambert's own involvement in subverting the Macpherson Inquiry and various family and justice campaigns through his work as SDS manager and facilitator of the meeting between Richard Walton and Brixton-based undercover officer ‘N81’ remains to be seen. See: Anthony [Abdul Haqq] Baker, Countering Terrorism in the UK: A Convert Community Perspective, University of Exeter, University of Exeter, November 2009 (accessed 18 November 2014), p331.
- ↑ Companies House, LAMBERT CONSULTANCY AND TRAINING LIMITED, Companies House (via CompanyCheck.co.uk), 2012 (accessed 6 September 2012).
- ↑ Details about Lambert's company can be corroborated by searching the official Companies House website at companieshouse.gov.uk. The company number is 06678759.
- ↑ a b Duncan Gardham, ‘Counter-terrorism projects worth £1.2m face axe as part of end to multiculturalism’, Daily Telegraph, 11 February 2011 (accessed 17 April 2015).
- ↑ Companies House, SIRAAT LTD, Companies House (via CompanyCheck.co.uk), 2012 (accessed 18 April 2015).
- ↑ Companies House, SIRAAT LTD, Companies House (via DueDil.com), 2015 (accessed 18 April 2015).
- ↑ Companies House, STREET CONSULTANCY LIMITED, Companies House (via CompanyCheck.co.uk), 2015 (accessed 18 April 2015).
- ↑ Companies House, INITIATIVE FOR MUSLIM PROGRESSION & ADVANCEMENT OF COMMUNITY TOLERANCE (IMPACT) LIMITED, Companies House (via CompanyCheck.co.uk), 2015 (accessed 18 April 2015).
- ↑ Communities and Local Government Committee, Preventing Violent Extremism: Sixth Report of Session 2009-20, HMSO, 16 March 2010 (accessed 22 April 2015).
- ↑ Martin Bright, When Progressives Treat with Reactionaries, Policy Exchange (via archive.org), July 2006 (accessed 18 March 2014).
- ↑ Robert Lambert, Countering Al-Qaeda In London: Police and Muslims in Partnership, C Hurst & Co, 2011, p31 plus notes 2-5, p308.
- ↑ Catriona Mackie, ‘City Police launch 'Guide to Islam'’, City of London Police, July 2006 (accessed via Archive.org 18 April 2015).
- ↑ unknown author, ‘Police officers issued with guide to Islam’, Daily Mail, 5 July 2006 (accessed 9 March 2015).
- ↑ Press Association, ‘Police given 'Guide to Islam' to improve relations with London Muslims’, 24dash.com, 5 July 2006 (accessed 22 March 2015).
- ↑ a b http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17539150802184678
- ↑ a b Hadi Yahmid, ‘True Islam Image in London Conf.’, On Islam, 24 November 2007 (accessed 22 March 2015).
- ↑ a b unknown author, ‘Islam Expo 2008: Building Bridges of Understanding’, Islamic Tourism, July 2008 (accessed 22 March 2015).
- ↑ a b Innovative Minds, ‘Islamic Human Rights Commission 2007: A Decade of Fighting Injustice’, Innovative Minds, November 2007 (accessed 3 February 2015).
- ↑ Robert Lambert, Countering Al-Qaeda in London: Police and Muslims in Partnership, Hurst & Company, 2011, p241.
- ↑ London Greenpeace, ‘Undercover police agent publicly outed at conference’, Indymedia UK, 15 October 2011 (accessed 15 March 2014).
- ↑ Stopinfiltration@mail.com, The truth about Bob Lambert and his Special Branch role, Indymedia UK, 15 October 2011 (accessed 23 April 2014).
- ↑ Rob Evans & Paul Lewis, Undercover: The True Story of Britain's Secret Police, Faber & Faber/Guardian Books, 2013, pp59-61; 331-332.
- ↑ David Miller, ‘Statement: Spinwatch stands in solidarity with the infiltrated’, Spinwatch, 2 November 2011 (accessed 29 April 2015).
- ↑ David Miller, ‘An open letter to Bob Lambert’, Spinwatch, 20 October 2011 (accessed 29 April 2015).
- ↑ Robert Lambert, Bob Lambert replies to Spinwatch, Spinwatch, 23 October 2011 (accessed 16 April 2014). He does, however, remember to plug his book, and to claim that “the vast majority of Met special branch undercover officers never made the mistakes I made [and] have no need to apologise for anything”. He acknowledges the relationship he had with Belinda Harvey.
- ↑ Paul Lewis & Rob Evans, ‘Police spy tricked lover with activist 'cover story'’, The Guardian, 23 October 2011 (accessed 16 November 2014).
- ↑ Robert Lambert, ‘Rebuilding Trust and Credibility: A preliminary commentary reflecting my personal perspective’, Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence profile page (via Scribd), February 2012 (accessed 16 April 2014).
- ↑ Andy Davies, ‘Interview: Ex-Met's Bob Lambert on Stephen Lawrence smear’, Channel 4 News, Channel 4, 2 July 2013 (accessed 15 April 2014).
- ↑ Andy Davies, ‘I'm sorry, says ex-undercover police boss’, Channel 4 News, Channel 4, 5 July 2013 (accessed 15 April 2014).
- ↑ Andy Davies, ‘'We did not target Stephen's family', says undercover boss’, Channel 4 News, 1 July 2013 (accessed 3 February 2015).
- ↑ Andy Davies, ‘I was weak and cruel, admits ex-undercover police boss’, Channel 4 News, 5 July 2013 (accessed 3 February 2015).
- ↑ HMSO, ‘The London Gazette of Friday 13 June 2008: Supplement No. 1’, The London Gazette, 14 June 2008 (accessed 9 March 2015), p19.
- ↑ Handa Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence, ‘Events listing (2011/12)’, St. Andrews University, 2011 (accessed 22 March 2015).
- ↑ off the pig, ‘Bob Lambert talk disrupted’, Indymedia UK, 11 February 2012 (accessed 22 March 2015).
- ↑ unknown author, ‘Petition for Robert Lambert to face a disciplinary hearing and issue an apology’, iPetitions, February 2013 (accessed 22 March 2015).
- ↑ Steve Manthorp, ‘Withdraw the MBE awarded to Bob Lambert in 2008’, change.org, February 2013 (accessed 22 March 2015).
- ↑ Laura Abernathy, ‘St Andrews lecturer “should not be teaching” because of life as undercover spy’, The Saint number 176, 24 October 2013 (accessed 25 November 2014).
- ↑ Pete Stebbing, ‘Lecturer revealed as former police spy’, The Saint number 156, 27 October 2011 (accessed 25 November 2014).
- ↑ Pete Stebbing, ‘The spy who loved me - undercover lecturer fathered lovechild’, The Saint number 159, 16 February 2012 (accessed 25 November 2014).
- ↑ Kirsty Paton, ‘St Andrew lecturer accused of planting firebomb’, The Saint (online only), 15 June 2012 (accessed 25 November 2014).
- ↑ London Met Unison, ‘AGM elects Claire Locke as Chair and pays tribute to Bob Crow’, London Met Unison, 4 April 2014 (accessed 22 March 2015).
- ↑ London Met Unison, ‘Packed public meeting debates ‘The Truth About Britain’s Political Secret Police’’, London Met Unison, 17 November 2014 (accessed 22 March 2015).
- ↑ COPS, ‘COPS Public Meeting’, Campaign Opposing Police Surveillance, 25 October 2014 (accessed 22 March 2015).
- ↑ Tom Foot, ‘Holloway Road uni defends crime lecturer former cop who had undercover affair’, Islington Tribune, 31 October 2014 (accessed 8 November 2014).
- ↑ Islington Against Police Spies, ‘Sack Bob Lambert’, The Occupied Times, 24 November 2014 (accessed 21 November 2014).
- ↑ Douglas Bolton, ‘Protest at London Met at undercover cop job ’, Islington Now, 4 December 2014 (accessed 22 March 2015).
- ↑ Jon Dean, ‘Protesters demand Holloway university sack former policy spy’, Islington Gazette, 4 December 2014 (accessed 9 March 2015).
- ↑ Geoffrey Sawyer, ‘Fresh protests over ‘police spy’ lecturer working at Holloway Road university ’, Islington Tribune, 5 December 2014 (accessed 9 March 2015),
- ↑ Jon Dean, ‘Campaign to sack Holloway university’s former police spy hits TV’, Islington Gazette, 22 January 2015 (accessed 9 March 2015).
- ↑ COPS, ‘Sack Bob Lambert - Picket Friday 30 January’, Campaign Opposing Police Surveillance, 19 January 2015 (accessed 22 March 2015).
- ↑ Nick Cohen, ‘Why must we tolerate police spies in our midst?’, The Guardian, 21 December 2014 (accessed 9 March 2015).
- ↑ Rob Evans, ‘University under pressure to sack controversial former undercover spy Bob Lambert’, The Guardian, 6 January 2015 (accessed 9 March 2015).
- ↑ unknown author, ‘Ex-Met Police spy Bob Lambert 'should be sacked' as lecture’, BBC News, 20 January 2015 (accessed 22 March 2015).
- ↑ Alex Bushell, ‘Critics call for London Metropolitan University to sack Bob Lambert’, BBC London News, 20 January 2015 (accessed 21 January 2015).
- ↑ Koos Couvée, ‘Holloway Road university pledges to stand by undercover cop turned lecturer’, Islington Tribune, 6 February 2015 (accessed 9 March 2015).
- ↑ Stefano Bonino, ‘Why a controversial undercover cop should keep his academic post’, Times Higher Education, 22 January 2015 (accessed 9 March 2015).
- ↑ Whilst Bonino acknowledges, in the biography following his opinion piece in THE, that “As a scholar whose research includes the study of terrorism, he knows Robert Lambert in a professional capacity,” he does not mention that in October 2011 he co-organised a public lecture at the University of Edinburgh which not only featured Lambert on the panel, but was followed by a reception and signing event to publicise Lambert's book. See resumé on Bonino's page on the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research website.
- ↑ Koos Couvée, ‘University’s former spy cop had role forcing extremists from Finsbury Park Mosque’, Islington Tribune, 6 March 2015 (accessed 9 March 2015).
- ↑ Police Spies Out Of Lives, ‘The Case - Overview’, Police Spies Out Of Lives, 2012 (accessed 29 April 2015).
- ↑ Rob Evans, ‘Women start legal action against police chiefs over emotional trauma - their statement’, The Guardian, 16 December 2011 (accessed 27 November 2013).
- ↑ Bindmans, ‘Under cover police sexual relationship legal claim settles - “Jacqui”’, solicitor's statement/press release, 23 October 2014 (accessed 22 November 2014).
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