South Sudan

From Wikispooks
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Group.png Republic of South Sudan  Rdf-icon.png
South Sudan.jpg
Typenation state

South Sudan, officially known as the Republic of South Sudan,[1] is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa.[2][3] It gained independence from the Republic of the Sudan in 2011, making it the most recent sovereign state with widespread recognition. Its capital and largest city is Juba.

Geopolitics

South Sudan is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest and the Central African Republic to the west. It includes the vast swamp region of the Sudd, formed by the White Nile and known locally as the Bahr al Jabal, meaning "Mountain Sea". Sudan was occupied by Egypt under the Muhammad Ali dynasty and was governed as an Anglo-Egyptian condominium until Sudanese independence in 1956. Following the First Sudanese Civil War, the Southern Sudan Autonomous Region was formed in 1972 and lasted until 1983. A second Sudanese civil war soon broke out, ending in 2005 with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. Later that year, southern autonomy was restored when an Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan was formed. South Sudan became an independent state on 9 July 2011, following 98.83% support for independence in a January 2011 referendum.[4][5]

South Sudan has suffered ethnic violence and endured a civil war since 2013.

Demography

South Sudan has a population of 12 million, mostly of the Nilotic peoples, and it is demographically among the youngest nations in the world, with roughly half under 18 years old.[6] The majority of inhabitants adhere to Christianity or various traditional faiths. The country is a member of the United Nations,[7][8] the African Union,[9] the East African Community[10] the Intergovernmental Authority on Development.[11] and is a party to the Geneva Conventions.[12] As of 2018, South Sudan ranks third lowest in the latest UN World Happiness Report,[13] second lowest on the Global Peace Index, and has the third highest score on the American Fund for Peace's Fragile States Index.[14]

 

Related Documents

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:A Brief History of the CIA’s Dirty War in South SudanArticle31 July 2019Ryan DawsonThe CIA are now almost completely out of the picture in South Sudan though one should never underestimate the Agency’s capacity for evil. It's in the US national interest to deny China access to African oil so it will always continue to be US vs China in South Sudan, as part of Pax Americana’s designs for Africa as a whole.
Document:The Destabilization of Africaarticle1 January 2014Carla SteaGlobal power block machinations over the mineral wealth of Africa


References

  1. "South Sudan"
  2. "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency"
  3. "UN classification of world regions Eastern Africa: South Sudan". UN. Retrieved 25 September 2011.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "plain text").
  4. "Broadcast of Declaration of Independence (part 1)". Youtube.com. 10 July 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2013.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "plain text").
  5. "Broadcast of Declaration of Independence (part 2)". Youtube.com. 19 June 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2013.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "plain text").
  6. "'Children's crisis' in South Sudan must be addressed, says top UN official calling for real accountability". 7 September 2018.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "plain text").
  7. Worsnip, Patrick (14 July 2011). "South Sudan admitted to U.N. as 193rd member". Reuters. Retrieved 24 July 2011.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "plain text").
  8. "UN welcomes South Sudan as 193rd Member State". United Nations News Service. 14 July 2011. Retrieved 14 July 2011.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "plain text").
  9. "South Sudan Becomes African Union's 54th Member". Voice of America News. 28 July 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2011.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "plain text").
  10. "South Sudan admitted into EAC", Daily Nation, 2 March 2016, reprinted at nation.co.ke, accessed 4 March 2016
  11. "Ethiopia Agrees to Back Somalia Army Operations, IGAD Says". Bloomberg Businessweek. 25 November 2011. Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 25 November 2011.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "plain text").
  12. "Freedom House Congratulates South Sudan for Signing the Geneva Conventions". Freedom House. 20 July 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2012.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "plain text").
  13. "World Happiness Report 2018". World Happiness Report. Retrieved 4 December 2018.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "plain text").
  14. "Fragile States Index". Fund for Peace. Retrieved 4 December 2018.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "plain text").
Wikipedia.png This page imported content from Wikipedia on 6 August 2019.
Wikipedia is not affiliated with Wikispooks.   Original page source here


Wikipedia.png This page imported content from Wikipedia on 6 August 2019.
Wikipedia is not affiliated with Wikispooks.   Original page source here