| Germany/Vice Chancellor |
(Deputy prime minister)
|Start||1 June 1878|
|The function of vice-chancellor is to use the specific constitutional powers of the chancellor in case that the chancellor is temporarily unable to perform their duties.|
The vice-chancellor of Germany, unofficially the vice-chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, officially the deputy to the federal chancellor, is the second highest ranking German cabinet member. The chancellor is the head of government and, according to the constitution, gives this title of deputy to one of the federal ministers. It is common that the title is given to the major minister provided by the (smaller) coalition partner.
In everyday politics, being a vice-chancellor is more an honorary title. The vice-chancellor may head cabinet meetings when the chancellor is abroad. The function of vice-chancellor is to use the specific constitutional powers of the chancellor in case that the chancellor is unable to perform their duties. This kind of substitution has never been made use of in the history of the Federal Republic.
Should a chancellor resign, die or be permanently unable to perform the duties of office, the vice-chancellor does not automatically become the next chancellor. In such a case the Federal President assigns a minister to serve as acting chancellor until the Bundestag (parliament) elects a new chancellor.).
Office Holders on Wikispooks
|Robert Habeck||8 December 2021|
|Olaf Scholz||14 March 2018||8 December 2021|
|Sigmar Gabriel||17 December 2013||14 March 2018|
|Guido Westerwelle||28 October 2009||16 May 2011|
|Joschka Fischer||27 October 1998||22 November 2005|
|Klaus Kinkel||21 January 1993||26 October 1998|
|Hans-Dietrich Genscher||1 October 1982||17 May 1992|
|Hans-Dietrich Genscher||17 May 1974||17 September 1982|
|Ludwig Erhard||29 October 1957||15 October 1963|
|Rudolf Heß||21 April 1933||12 May 1941||Office called Deputy Führer|
- Ute Mager, in: von Münch/Kunig: Grundgesetz-Kommentar II, 5. Auflage 2001, Rn. 10/11 zu Art. 69.