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|( 1790s: ) 1793|
Execution of Louis XVI
|A dramatic year in the French Revolution and the reaction formed against it.|
- January 21 – French Revolution: After being found guilty of treason by the French National Convention, Citizen Capet, Louis XVI of France, is guillotined in Paris.
- January 23 – Second Partition of Poland: The Russian Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia partition the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
- February 1 – French Revolutionary Wars: The French First Republic declares war on Great Britain, the Dutch Republic and (on March 7) Spain. During the year, the War of the First Coalition is joined by Portugal, the Holy Roman Empire, Naples and Tuscany in opposition to France.
- February 25 – George Washington holds the first Cabinet meeting as President of the United States.
- April 6 – French Revolutionary Wars: The Committee of Public Safety is established in France, with Georges Danton as its head.
- April 22 – George Washington signs the Neutrality Proclamation.
- June – The Macartney Embassy, a British diplomatic mission to China led by George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney, reaches Canton, but will be rebuffed by the Qianlong Emperor.
- June 2 – French Revolution: The Girondins are overthrown in France.
- July 13 – French Revolution: Charlotte Corday kills Jean-Paul Marat in his bath.
- July 17 – French Revolution: Charlotte Corday is executed.
- The former royal palace the Louvre in Paris opens to the public as an art museum.
- August 23 – French Revolution: The following universal conscription decree is enacted in France: "The young men shall go to battle and the married men shall forge arms. The women shall make tents and clothes and shall serve in the hospitals; children shall tear rags into lint. The old men will be guided to the public places of the cities to kindle the courage of the young warriors and to preach the unity of the Republic and the hatred of kings."
- September 5 – French Revolution: The National Convention begins the 10-month Reign of Terror.
- October 16 – French Revolution: Marie Antoinette, the widowed queen consort of Louis XVI of France, is guillotined in the Place de la Révolution in Paris at the conclusion of a 2-day trial before the Revolutionary Tribunal.
- October 24 – French Revolution:The French Republican Calendar is adopted by the National Convention.
- November 10 – The dechristianization of France during the French Revolution reaches a climax with the celebration of the Goddess of Reason in the cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris.
- November 12 – French Revolution: Jean Sylvain Bailly, the first Mayor of Paris, is guillotined.
- December 8 – French Revolution: Madame du Barry is guillotined.
- December 23 – French Revolution: War in the Vendée: Battle of Savenay – A Republican force decisively defeats the counterrevolutionary Catholic and Royal Army, ending the Virée de Galerne.
- Eli Whitney invents a cotton gin. This causes a resurgence of slavery in the South.
- Dominique Jean Larrey, chief surgeon of the French Revolutionary Army, creates the first battlefield "flying ambulance" service.
|French Revolution||Often cited event in world history that has an even more brutal side to it than is usually discussed.|