Arthur Conan Doyle
| Arthur Conan Doyle |
|Born||Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle|
Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
|Died||1930-07-07 (Age 71)|
Crowborough, Sussex, England, UK
|Alma mater||University of Edinburgh Medical School|
Creator of Sherlock Holmes
Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle was a British writer and physician. He created the character Sherlock Holmes in 1887 for A Study in Scarlet, the first of four novels and fifty-six short stories about Holmes and Dr. Watson. The Sherlock Holmes stories are considered milestones in the field of crime fiction.
Doyle was a supporter of the campaign for the reform of the Congo Free State that was led by the journalist E. D. Morel and diplomat Roger Casement. In 1909 he wrote The Crime of the Congo, a long pamphlet in which he denounced the horrors of that colony. He became acquainted with Morel and Casement, and it is possible that they inspired several characters that appear in his 1912 novel The Lost World. Later, after the Easter Rising, Casement was found guilty of treason against the Crown, and was sentenced to death. Doyle tried, unsuccessfully, to save him, arguing that Casement had been driven mad, and therefore should not be held responsible for his actions.
Conan Doyle was a vigorous supporter of the British effort in the First World War .
- ↑ Wijesinha, Rajiva (2013). "Twentieth Century Classics: Reflections on Writers and Their Times". Cambridge University Press.