James N. Miller

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Person.png James N. Miller  Rdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Defense.gov News Photo 090410-A-6816H-003.jpg
Member ofInternational Institute for Strategic Studies
Under Secretary of Defense for Policy 2012-2014

Employment.png Under Secretary of Defense for Policy Wikipedia-icon.png

In office
February 18, 2012 - January 8, 2014
Preceded byMichèle Flournoy
Succeeded byMichael D. Lumpkin

James Northey Miller Jr.[1] is a senior fellow at Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. He was the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy from February 18, 2012 until January 8, 2014. As such, Miller provided advice to then Defense Secretaries Panetta and Hagel.[2][3]

Early life and education

Born in Waterloo, Iowa, Miller earned his B.A. with honors in economics from Stanford in 1981;[1] he earned his master's degree and his Ph.D., both in public policy, from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.[4] His 1989 Ph.D. thesis was Approaching Zero: An Evaluation of Radical Reductions in Superpower Nuclear Arsenals.[5]


He was senior professional staff member for the House Armed Services Committee (1988-1992), assistant professor at Duke University (1992-1997); Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Requirements, Plans, and Counterproliferation Policy (1997-2000); and Senior Vice President (2003-2007) and Vice President (2000-2003) at Hicks and Associates, Inc..

He then served as Senior Vice President and Director of Studies at the Center for a New American Security (2007-2009), Miller served as Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Policy before he was confirmed by the U.S. Senate as the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy on May 25, 2012.

Miller is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and International Institute for Strategic Studies. He is a four-time recipient of the Medal for Distinguished Public Service, the highest civilian award of the U.S. Department of Defense.[4]

Resignation from Defense Science Board

On June 2, 2020, Miller resigned from the Defense Science Board, choosing as a pretext that the police used pepper balls and smoke canisters to disperse protesters so that President Donald Trump, accompanied by U.S. Secretary of Defense Mark Esper, could attend a photo op at the St. John's Episcopal Church across from the White House. [6][7][8] In an open resignation letter to Esper, Miller cited the oath of office that he had taken to "support and defend the Constitution of the United States," and wrote that Esper and Trump had violated the same oath.