White phosphorous

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Concept.png White phosphorous 
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White Phosphorus.jpg

Legal status

White Phosphorus is covered by Protocol III of the 1980 Convention on Conventional Weapons, which prohibits use of the substance as an incendiary weapon against civilian populations and in air attacks against military forces in civilian areas. Though the UK and 80 other countries are signatories to protocol III, the United States is not, and has admitted to using it in Fallujah[1] and Mosul.[2]

Use in Gaza

In Gaza, Israel has used White Phosphorus provided by Monsanto.[3] In 2013, the BBC announced that Israel would stop using white phosphorus shells.[4]


Related Documents

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:Monsanto Exposed as Source for White Phosphorus Used in Gaza Massacrearticle6 February 2016Justin GardnerEvidence that the White phosphorous munitions used by Israel during their 'Operation Cast-Lead' action against Gaza in 2008-9 and in contravention of the Geneva Conventions, were supplied by Monsanto
File:Rainoffire.pdfreportA report on Israeli use of white phosphorous munitions during Operation Cast Lead against the Gaza Strip December 2008 - Jan 2009. It documents extensive use of illegal munitions and is notable for some startling pictures of white phosphorous trails raining down on fleeing civilians.
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