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|( 1820s: ) 1828|
- January 22 – Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington succeeds Lord Goderich as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- February 22 – Treaty of Turkmenchay: By this Russian-Persian peace treaty signed on February 10 at Torkamanchay, Persia (Iran), the latter country is forced irrevocably to cede the territories of the Erivan Khanate (most of present-day central Armenia and the northern Iğdır Province of Turkey), the Nakhichevan Khanate (most of the modern-day Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan), the remainder of the Talysh Khanate (southeastern Azerbaijan), and the Ordubad and Mughan regions (also part of modern-day Azerbaijan) to Imperial Russia. By this and the Treaty of Gulistan (1813) it has now lost all its territories north of the Aras River, comprising modern-day Georgia, Dagestan, Azerbaijan and Armenia to Russia. Armenians from Persian Azerbaijan are to be resettled in the Caucasus.
- March 18 – Simón Bolívar, President of Colombia (and former President of Venezuela, Peru and Bolivia), departs from the capital at Bogotá, in order to help his ally, General José Antonio Páez, suppress an uprising near the Venezuelan border, but is sidetracked by another rebellion in Cartagena.
- May 26 – Supposed feral child Kaspar Hauser is discovered in Nuremberg, Germany.
- June 23 – King Miguel I of Portugal overthrows his niece Queen Maria II, beginning the Liberal Wars.
- July 4 – Lord William Bentinck arrives at Calcutta (now Kolkata) to begin his administration as the new Governor-General of India, on behalf of King George IV of the United Kingdom.
- July 5 – The British weekly magazine, The Spectator is founded by Robert Stephen Rintoul.
- August 27 – South America: Brazil and Argentina recognize the independence of Uruguay. Simón Bolívar declares himself dictator of Gran Colombia.
- September 25 – Failed assassination attempt on Simon Bolívar.
- September 29 – Russo-Turkish War (1828–29): Varna is taken by the Russian army.
- November 11 – Greek War of Independence: the London Protocol entails the creation of an autonomous Greek state under Ottoman suzerainty, encompassing the Morea and the Cyclades.
- November 12 – Anouvong, ruler of the Kingdom of Vientiane, is deposed and the kingdom is annexed by Siam. During the war, the city of Vientiane is obliterated by Siamese forces.
- December 1 – Decembrist revolution (Argentina): Juan Lavalle, returning to Buenos Aires with troops that fought in the Cisplatine War, deposes the provincial governor Manuel Dorrego, reigniting the Argentine Civil Wars.
- December 3 – 1828 United States presidential election: Andrew Jackson is elected President of the United States, defeating incumbent John Quincy Adams in a landslide.
- The Bank of Australasia, as predecessor of Australia and New Zealand Banking Group (ANZ Group) was founded in Tasmania, Australia.
|Dresden University of Technology||Strong technical tradition|
|Capitol Police||The US Capitol police is tasked with protecting the US Capitol, receiving a budget of $500 million. Full of racial discrimination according to former personnel since the 2000s. Some dozen officers have been arrested in aiding the mob that attacked them in the 2021 Washington D.C. Riots.|
|Title||Born||Place of birth||Died||Summary|
|Leo Tolstoy||9 September 1828||Russian Empire||20 November 1910||Author|
- John Lynch, Simón Bolívar: A Life (Yale University Press, 2007) p233
- John Clark Marshman, History of India from the Earliest Period to the Close of the East India Company's Government (William Blackwood and Sons, 1876) p357; reprinted by Cambridge University Press, 2010)