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|( 1860s: ) 1867|
The Dominion of Canada is created
- January 11 – Benito Juárez becomes Mexican president again.
- January 30 – Emperor Kōmei of Japan dies suddenly, age 36, leaving his 14-year-old son to succeed as Emperor Meiji.
- February 3 – Shōgun Tokugawa Yoshinobu abdicates, and the late Emperor Kōmei's son, Prince Mutsuhito becomes Emperor Meiji of Japan in a brief ceremony in Kyoto, ending the Late Tokugawa shogunate.
- March 5 – The Fenian Rising breaks out in Ireland.
- March 30 – Alaska Purchase: Alaska is purchased for $7.2 million from Alexander II of Russia by United States Secretary of State William H. Seward.
- April 1–November 3 – Exposition Universelle, an international exhibition in Paris. Among the visitors is Abdülaziz, making the first visit of a Sultan of the Ottoman Empire to Western Europe.
- May 1 – The first political May Day march takes place in Chicago.
- May 29 - The Austro-Hungarian Compromise (called Ausgleich in German or kiegyezés in Hungarian (The Compromise)) is born through Act 12, which establishes the Austro-Hungarian Empire; on June 8 Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria is crowned King of Hungary.
- May 29 - Canadian Confederation: Queen Victoria signs the British North America Act, creating the Dominion of Canada, effective July 1.
- June 19 – A firing squad executes Emperor Maximilian of Mexico and two of his lieutenants.
- July 1 - Canadian Confederation: The British North America Act of 29 March comes into force, creating the Dominion of Canada, the first independent dominion in the British Empire.
- July 1 - The Constitution of the North German Confederation comes into effect, creating a confederation of states, under the leadership of Prussia and Otto von Bismarck.
- July 15 – France declares Cambodia's independence from Siam; Cambodia becomes a protectorate of France and Britain.
- August 7–September 20 – The first Canadian election sees John A. Macdonald's Conservatives elected to government.
- August 15 – Benjamin Disraeli's Second Reform Act enfranchises many men in cities for the first time, and adds 938,000 to an electorate of 1,057,000 in England and Wales.
- September 14 – The first volume of Das Kapital (later translated into English as Capital) is published by Karl Marx.
- October 18 – Alaska is transferred from Russia to the US, becoming the Department of Alaska.
- October 21 – 'Manifest destiny': Medicine Lodge Treaty – Near Medicine Lodge Creek, Kansas, a landmark treaty is signed by southern Great Plains Indian leaders, requiring Native American Plains tribes to relocate to a reservation in western Oklahoma.
- October 27 – Italian unification: Giuseppe Garibaldi's troops march into Rome.
- November 9 – The last shōgun of Japan, Tokugawa Yoshinobu, tenders his resignation to Emperor Meiji.
- November 23 – The three 'Manchester Martyrs' are hanged in England for the murder of a policeman whilst attempting to rescue two Irish Republican Brotherhood members from imprisonment on 18 September.
- South African diamond fields are discovered.
- Gorse is naturalised in New Zealand, where it soon becomes the worst invasive weed.
- The Swedish famine of 1867-1869 begins.
- Paraguayan War.
- 1867–1873 – Chinese, Scandinavian and Irish immigrants lay 30,000 miles (48,000 km) of railroad tracks in the USA.
|University of Illinois||A system of public universities in Illinois consisting of three universities: Chicago, Springfield, and Urbana-Champaign|
|University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign||Public|
|Big and prestigious public university in Illinois|
|Austria-Hungary||Nation state||Former European kingdom. A great power at the time.|
|Kuhn Loeb & Co|
|Morgan State University||Public|
|Historically black Baltimore university.|
|National University of Colombia||Nation state|
|One of the largest universities in Colombia.|
|Title||Born||Place of birth||Died||Summary||Description|
|Otto Kahn||21 February 1867||Germany|
|29 March 1934||Banker|
|Max Warburg||5 June 1867||Germany|
|26 December 1946||Spook|
|Headed German intelligence. Brother of Paul Warburg.|
|Henry Davison||12 June 1867||6 May 1922||Banker||USDSO and banker who attended the 1910 Jekyll Island meeting|
|Max von Baden||10 July 1867||Baden-Baden|
Grand Duchy of Baden
|6 November 1929|
|Stanley Baldwin||3 August 1867||Bewdley|
|14 December 1947||Politician|
|Abram Elkus||6 August 1867||New York||15 October 1947||Diplomat|
|Henry Stimson||21 September 1867||New York|
|20 October 1950||Politician|
|Walther Rathenau||29 September 1867||24 June 1922||Journalist|
|German Foreign Minister assassinated in office after signing the Treaty of Rapallo with the USSR.|
|Frederick C. Howe||21 November 1867||3 August 1940|
- Haverty-Stacke, D. T. (2009). America’s forgotten holiday: May Day and nationalism, 1867-1960. New York: New York University Press.