| Jean-Yves Ollivier |
Jean-Yves Ollivier (Monsieur Jacques)
Jean-Yves Ollivier is a spooky French businessman working primarily in the commodities sector in emerging markets. In addition to his business ventures, Jean-Yves Ollivier has been active as a parallel diplomat for many years, using his personal relationships with heads of states to facilitate mediation and peace processes in Africa.
Jean-Yves Ollivier started his professional career in 1964 as an international commodities trader for Strauss Turnbull & Co (London) monitoring the South African gold mining sector. He then worked (1966-1969) for JA Goldschmidt SA in Paris, where he managed the grain trade (notably the African market). It is in this period that he started to regularly travel to Africa.
In 1975, he founded his first company, Arinco Group. In 1980, he was chosen to represent several French companies (including Thomson CSF) who were looking to invest in Africa, and started his own oil trading company, Vitank, in association with Henk Vietor, Peter de Savary and Arhmed Mannai.
In 1986 he was appointed director of Charbons de France, a French company specialised in coal trading. In 1994, he created Gestilac SA, and in 2002, PanAf Consultancy GmbH (Zurich) and Pan Africa Consulting (Hong-Kong). He later merged the three companies into one holding corporation: the Fort Group.
- Full article: Brazzaville Foundation
- Full article: Brazzaville Foundation
Ollivier is Chairman and trustee of the Brazzaville Foundation, a UK-registered charity devoted to conflict resolution in Africa by fostering peace and stability through dialogue and understanding.
As well as commercial activities, Ollivier has been active in a number of other areas in Africa.
In the 1980s, Jean-Yves Ollivier was appointed adviser on African affairs to then Mayor of Paris, Jacques Chirac, continuing in that role when Chirac became French Prime Minister in 1986. Jacques Chirac asked him to undertake a secret mission to free four French hostages held in Lebanon (Marcel Fontaine, Marcel Carton, Jean-Paul Kaufmann and Michel Seurat).
On 7 September 1987, on the tarmac of Maputo airport, Mozambique, 133 Angolan soldiers and 50 SWAPO independence fighters from Namibia were freed by South African authorities in exchange for South African Captain Wynand DuToit. DuToit had been captured 2 years earlier in Angola while he and his men were trying to sabotage oil infrastructure in Cabinda, during what has been called Operation Cabinda. Jean-Yves Ollivier secretly negotiated this large-scale prisoner exchange, which also led to the liberation of two anti-apartheid militants who were being held in South Africa, Frenchman Pierre-Andre Albertini and Dutchman Klaas de Jong.
Plot for Peace
In 2013 Ollivier made a documentary Plot for Peace in which he claims to have been instrumental in bringing the warring parties in Southern Africa to the negotiating table in December 1988 (the Brazzaville Protocol) and in securing Nelson Mandela's release from prison in February 1990, in organising South African President F W de Klerk's visit to France in May 1990  and in the eventual dismantling of apartheid in South Africa in May 1994.
Bernt Carlsson murder plot
Hatched at Brazzaville
Following the May 1988 Reagan/Gorbachev summit in Moscow, a quick succession of talks took place in London, New York, Geneva, Cairo, and Cape Verde aimed at a negotiated regional peace settlement for Southern Africa. Thanks to Jean-Yves Ollivier's influence with Congolese President Denis Sassou Nguesso, the Congo's capital Brazzaville hosted the final round of negotiations between Angola, Cuba and South Africa culminating in the initialling of the Brazzaville Protocol on 13 December 1988. High profile participants in Brazzaville included South African Defence Minister Magnus Malan, Foreign Minister Pik Botha, Head of Military Intelligence General van Tonder, US Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Chester Crocker, UN Under-Secretary-General for Administration Martti Ahtisaari, Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze; and, Jean-Christophe Mitterrand, Special Adviser on Africa to French President François Mitterrand. Representatives of Angola, Cuba and South Africa signed the New York Accords at United Nations headquarters on 22 December 1988, granting independence to Namibia, which had been occupied by apartheid South Africa in defiance of UN Security Council Resolution 435.
Executed at Lockerbie
UN Commissioner for Namibia Bernt Carlsson was on his way to attend the New York Accords signing ceremony and take charge of Namibia but was killed when Pan Am Flight 103 was sabotaged over Lockerbie, Scotland on 21 December 1988. The Bernt Carlsson murder plot, having been hatched at Brazzaville and executed at Lockerbie, meant that South African foreign minister Pik Botha could go ahead and sign the Tripartite Accord. However, instead of handing control of Namibia to the United Nations, Pik Botha put the apartheid regime's Administrator-General, Louis Pienaar, in charge. No investigation by the Scottish Police, the CIA, the FBI or the United Nations has ever been conducted into the evident targeting of Bernt Carlsson on Pan Am Flight 103, despite the branding of apartheid South Africa as a "terrorist state" by Michael Dukakis, the Democratic nominee in the 1988 US presidential election campaign.
In 1987, Jean-Yves Ollivier received the Order of Good Hope from Foreign Minister Roelof “Pik” Botha. In 1995, he was elevated to the grade of Grand Officer of the Order of Good Hope by South African President Nelson Mandela for his role in ending the Apartheid. Jean-Yves Ollivier is the only French non government affiliated individual so far to have received this distinction.
Jean-Yves Ollivier also holds the title of “Chevalier de la Légion d’honneur” and “Chevalier de l’Ordre National du Mérite” in France, as well as the title of “Commandeur de l’Ordre de Mérite Congolais” in Congo Brazzaville, and “Grand Officier de l ‘Étoile d’Anjouan” in Comoros.
- "Jean-Yves Ollivier" Huffington Post
- The Huffington Post: "Plot for Peace: The Untold Story Behind South Africa's History" 18 June 2013.
- "Official Biography"
- "L'énergie d'avancer"
- "The Brazzaville Foundation"
- "Relations Internationales"
- "Plot for Peace" Official Trailer
- "De Klerk Meets Mitterrand on European Tour"
- "Apartheid was doomed for economic not moral reasons"
- "The Brazzaville Protocol"
- "Plot for Peace Documentary"
- "Dukakis Backers Agree Platform Will Call South Africa 'Terrorist'"
- "Africa Intelligence"
- "Who's Who"