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The "dark continent", almost completely overrun by European colonialists, now full of nominally independent governments. Its exploitation continues in a range of more modern, complex, forms, such as land grabbing.

Place.png Africa

Africa is a contenent.

Colonial Africa 1913 map.jpg


Full article: Berlin Conference

Almost all of Africa was colonised by European powers, especially Britain and France. Modern Ethiopia is an exception. "European powers worked hard to keep knowledge of its crimes in Africa away from public scrutiny."[1]


Nominal independence was granted to the former colonies throughout the 20th century.

Land grabbing

Full article: Stub class article Land grabbing

Africa has undergone a boom in land grabbing as foreign investors sought assets likely to be unaffected by, or even to benefit from the global economic events after 2008.


ISIS has operated in Africa.


China has taken an interest.


Of the The US military has a "quiet but ever-expanding presence on the continent", which has been termed a "shadow war".[2]

“Of the 53 armed forces in Africa, 41 (or 77 percent) received U.S. military training.”
 (April 1999)  [3]


Related Quotation

William Mountbatten-Windsor“We are going to have to work much harder and think much deeper, if we are to ensure that human beings and the other species of animal with which we share this planet can continue to co-exist...Africa's rapidly growing human population is predicted to more than double by 2050, a staggering increase of three and a half million people per month...There is no question that this increase puts wildlife and habitat under enormous pressure. Urbanisation, infrastructure development, cultivation—all good things in themselves, but they will have a terrible impact unless we begin to plan and to take measures now.”William Mountbatten-Windsor2017


Nation states

Nation stateDescription
AlgeriaA nation on the Mediterranean Sea. The largest country in Africa, formerly colonised by France.
AngolaSouth West African state
Burkina FasoAfrican country; formely part of the French Empire.
CameroonWest African state
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Côte d'IvoireThe Ivory Coast.
Democratic Republic of the CongoA large country in central Africa, the majority of the former 'Belgian Congo'.
Djiboutismall country in East Africa.
EgyptStrategically important due particularly to the Suez canal.
Equatorial Guinea
EswatiniSmall African Kingdom; surrounded by South Africa.
Guinea Bissau
KenyaFormer UK colony in East Africa
LibyaLibya has larger proven oil reserves than any other African nation, ranking 9th in the world. It was provided with a lot of bomb making equipment in the late 1970s in the Arms for Libya clandestine weapons deal. NATO airstrikes killed 60,000 Libyan civilians in 2011.
MadagascarA large island off southern Africa
MalawiFormer UK colony in East Africa
MaliFormer French colony in West Africa
MozambiqueSouth East African state, former Portuguese colony, now in the British Commonwealth.
NamibiaA diamond rich territory, formerly occupied by South Africa
NigeriaA populous, highly oil/gas rich nation in Africa.
Sierra LeoneA global cocaine trafficking hub in West Africa
South AfricaA former UK colony
TanzaniaFormer UK colony in East Africa. The president, John Magufuli, who in 2020 resisted WHO pressure to institute a COVID lockdown, died in 2021.
TogoVery small country in West Africa.
UgandaFormer UK colony in East Africa



Dag Hammarskjöld/Premature death


Related Documents

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:Integrity Initiative Weekly Report 9th to 15th July 2018report15 July 2018Euan Grant
Document:Libya – Unbearable Lightness of Being, Africa 1webpage29 August 2011Anis H. Bajrektarevic
Document:Statement from the Pan African Improvement Organisationstatement27 August 2011Akili Secka
Document:The Destabilization of Africaarticle1 January 2014Carla SteaGlobal power block machinations over the mineral wealth of Africa
Document:The real invasion of Africa is not newsarticle31 January 2013John PilgerThe real character of renewed US and Western involvement in Africa
Document:Who pulls Boko Haram’s strings?interview16 July 2013Keith Harmon-SnowKeith Harmon-Snow interviewed by Voice of Russia about Boko Haram and the beneficiaries of their activities
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