| Marilyn Monroe
(Actress, model, singer)
|Norma Jeane Mortenson
June 1, 1926
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|August 4, 1962 (Age 36)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Cause of death
|drug overdose, suicide
| • James Dougherty
• Joe DiMaggio
• Arthur Miller
|Matthew Smith, Milo Speriglio
Popular US entertainer who reportedly died of an accidental drug overdose aged 36.
Marilyn Monroe was an American actress, singer, and model. Famous for playing comedic "blonde bombshell" characters, she became one of the most popular sex symbols of the 1950s and early 1960s and was emblematic of the era's sexual revolution. She was a top-billed actress for a decade, and her films grossed $200 million by the time of her death in 1962.
Born and raised in Los Angeles, Monroe spent most of her childhood in foster homes and an orphanage; she married at age sixteen. She was working in a factory during World War II when she met a photographer from the First Motion Picture Unit and began a successful pin-up modeling career, which led to short-lived film contracts with 20th Century Fox and Columbia Pictures. After a series of minor film roles, she signed a new contract with Fox in late 1950. Over the next two years, she became a popular actress with roles in several comedies. She faced a scandal when it was revealed that she had posed for nude photographs prior to becoming a star, but the story did not damage her career and instead resulted in increased interest in her films.
By 1953, Monroe was one of the most marketable Hollywood stars; she had leading roles in the film noir Niagara, which overtly relied on her sex appeal, and the comedies Gentlemen Prefer Blondes and How to Marry a Millionaire, which established her star image as a "dumb blonde". The same year, her nude images were used as the centerfold and on the cover of the first issue of Playboy. She played a significant role in the creation and management of her public image throughout her career, but she was disappointed when she was typecast and underpaid by the studio. She was briefly suspended in early 1954 for refusing a film project but returned to star in The Seven Year Itch (1955), one of the biggest box office successes of her career.
When the studio was still reluctant to change Monroe's contract, she founded her own film production company in 1954. Later that year, Fox awarded her a new contract, which gave her more control and a larger salary. She won a Golden Globe for Best Actress for her role in Some Like It Hot (1959), a critical and commercial success. Her last completed film was the drama The Misfits (1961).
The Outfit and the CIA
Monroe's rise to fame was assisted by Johnny Roselli, lieutenant of Chicago mob boss Sam Giancana who connected her with a Hollywood producer Joe Schenck who got her parts in return for sexual favors. In a book called Double Cross written with his brother Chuck, Giancana wrote that "Marilyn’s desire to achieve stardom, coupled with her childlike desire to please, was exploited by the outfit and CIA," which used her sexual charms to "frame world leaders"—among them President Sukarno of Indonesia.
Affair with the Kennedy brothers
Marilyn Monroe lived in an home in the affluent Brentwood area of Los Angeles until her death. Throughout 1962 part time outfit-CIA operative Bernie Spindel had recorded the lovemaking of JFK, including with Monroe.
The Kennedy brothers’ sexual dalliances with Monroe were known to the FBI, LAPD and CIA because of surveillance carried out by Fred Otash, a private investigator who worked for all three agencies and who had been hired by Teamsters boss James Hoffa to "get dirt" on the Kennedys.
In the early 1970s the property was acquired by then married actors Michael Irving and Veronica Hamel who, during a remodel, discovered and removed a sophisticated, government grade eavesdropping and telephone tapping system that extended into every room of the house.
Official death narrative
During her final months, Monroe lived at 12305 Fifth Helena Drive in the Brentwood neighborhood of Los Angeles. Her housekeeper Eunice Murray was staying overnight at the home on the evening of August 4, 1962. Murray awoke at 3:00 a.m. on August 5 and sensed that something was wrong. She saw light from under Monroe's bedroom door but was unable to get a response and found the door locked. Murray then called Monroe's psychiatrist, Ralph Greenson, who arrived at the house shortly after and broke into the bedroom through a window to find Monroe dead in her bed. Monroe's physician, Hyman Engelberg, arrived at around 3:50 a.m and pronounced her dead. At 4:25 a.m., the Los Angeles Police Department was notified. Monroe died between 8:30 p.m. and 10:30 p.m. on August 4, and the toxicology report showed that the cause of death was acute barbiturate poisoning. Empty medicine bottles were found next to her bed. The possibility that Monroe had accidentally overdosed was ruled out because the dosages found in her body were several times the lethal limit.
In 1982 Milo Speriglio published Marilyn Monroe: Murder Cover-Up, in which he claimed that Monroe had been murdered by Jimmy Hoffa and mob boss Sam Giancana (who disappeared and were assassinated respectively in 1975).
|Document:Deception and distraction strategies relating to the John F Kennedy Assassination
- Chuck Giancana Double Cross: The Explosive Inside Story of the Mobster Who Controlled America