Ousted in February 2014 as President of Ukraine
|Born||Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych|
Yenakiieve, Donetsk Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
|Alma mater||Donetsk National Technical University, Ukrainian State University of Finance and International Trade|
|Children|| • Oleksandr|
|Party||Party of Regions, Communist Party of the Soviet Union|
Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych (born 9 July 1950) is a Ukrainian politician who served as the fourth President of Ukraine from February 2010 until his removal from power in February 2014.
Viktor Yanukovych served as the governor of Donetsk Oblast, a province in eastern Ukraine, from 1997 to 2002. He was Prime Minister of Ukraine from 21 November 2002 to 31 December 2004, under President Leonid Kuchma. Yanukovych first ran for president in 2004, advancing to the run-off election and initially defeating his opponent; but amid widespread citizen protests and occupation of Kiev's Independence Square (in what became known as the Orange Revolution), the Ukrainian Supreme Court nullified the run-off election, which was fraught with allegations of fraud and voter intimidation, and ordered a second run-off. Yanukovych lost the second run-off election to Viktor Yushchenko. Yanukovych served as Prime Minister for a second time from 4 August 2006 to 18 December 2007, under President Yushchenko.
Viktor Yanukovych was elected president in 2010, defeating Yulia Tymoshenko. November 2013 saw the beginning of a series of events that led to his ousting as president. Yanukovych rejected a pending EU association agreement, choosing instead to pursue a Russian loan bailout and closer ties with Russia. This led to popular protests and the occupation of Kiev's Independence Square, a series of events dubbed the "Euromaidan" by young pro-European Union Ukrainians. In January 2014, this developed into deadly clashes in Independence Square and in other areas across Ukraine, as Ukrainian citizens confronted the Berkut and other special police units. In February 2014, Ukraine appeared to be on the brink of civil war, as violent clashes between protesters and special police forces led to many deaths and injuries. On 21 February 2014, Yanukovych claimed that, after lengthy discussions, he had reached an agreement with the opposition. Later that day, however, he fled the capital for Kharkiv, travelling next to the Crimea, and eventually to exile in southern Russia.
On 22 February 2014, the Ukrainian parliament voted to remove him from his post, on the grounds that he was unable to fulfil his duties, although the legislative removal lacked the number of votes required by Ukraine's then-current constitution. and, two days later, issued a warrant for his arrest, accusing him of "mass killing of civilians."
Since his departure, Yanukovych has conducted several press conferences. In one of these, he has declared himself to remain "the legitimate head of the Ukrainian state elected in a free vote by Ukrainian citizens". In an April 2014 poll, however, only 4.9% of respondents expressed a desire to see Yanukovych return to the presidency.
On 3 October 2014, several news agencies reported that according to a Facebook post made by the aide to the Ukrainian Interior Minister, Anton Gerashchenko, Viktor Yanukovych had been granted Russian citizenship by a "secret decree" of Vladimir Putin. On the same day, Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov commented on this news saying that he didn't know anything about this and hadn't seen such a decree.
- Rajan Menon (28 January 2014). "Ukraine: Is Yanukovych Finished?". The National Interest. p. 3. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- Kathy Lally (11 March 2014). "Ousted Ukraine president warns of civil war, criticizes U.S. for aiding current government". The Washington Post. Washington Post. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- Maxim Eristavi (2 March 2014). "How Ukraine's Parliament Brought Down Yanukovych". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- "Berkut Riot Police Used to Falsify Ukrainian Parliamentary Elections", The Jamestown Foundation (14 November 2012)
- "Ukraine Violence Leaves at Least 10 Dead". ABC News. 18 February 2014. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
- "Ukraine: Speaker Oleksandr Turchynov named interim president", BBC News (23 February 2014)
"Ukraine protests timeline", BBC News (23 February 2014)
- "Ukraine bloodshed: Kiev death toll jumps to 77 — RT News". Rt.com. Retrieved 2014-02-25.
- "Ukraine crisis: deal signed in effort to end Kiev standoff". The Guardian. 21 February 2014.
- John Feffer. "Who Are These 'People,' Anyway? | John Feffer". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2014-03-17.
- "Archrival Is Freed as Ukraine Leader Flees". The New York Times. 22 February 2014. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- David Stern (2014-02-22). "BBC News - Ukrainian MPs vote to oust President Yanukovych". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-03-17.
- "Постанова про усунення і результати голосування по ній на сайті верховної ради України"
- "Рада усунула Януковича - на сайті Української правди"
- "Yanukovych reportedly declares he is Ukraine's president and plans press conference in Russia on Feb. 28". KyivPost. 27 February 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
- "Kyiv Says Yanukovych Obtained Russian Citizenship". Radio Free Europe. 3 Oct 2014. Retrieved 3 Oct 2014.
- "No information about Russian citizenship granted to Yanukovych — Kremlin spokesman". ITAR TASS. 2014-10-03. Retrieved 2014-10-07.