Bay of Pigs Invasion

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Event.png Bay of Pigs Invasion (invasion,  mid-level deep event)  SpartacusRdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Bay of Pigs Invasion.jpg
DateMay 20 1961
Exposed byTad Szulc
Interest ofTheodore Achilles, Jacob Esterline
DescriptionA probably deliberately failed attempt to invade Cuba by the CIA. This was very possibly an attempt to entrap JFK into full scale military action against Cuba.

The Bay of Pigs Invasion was a failed invasion of Cuba, possibly designed by the US deep state as a way to induce US President JFK into full scale military action.

Operational details

Jacob Esterline was a key organiser. He had second thoughts about it and wanted to resign, but was persuaded not to by the CIA Deputy Director for Plans, Richard M. Bissell Jr.[citation needed]


Fletcher Prouty reports that an investigation into the failure of the Bay of Pigs Invasion by John F. Kennedy determined that the key operational error was a failure to destroy all of the Cuban planes, which allowed them to destroy the supply boats for the invaders. This was traced to a miscommunication by McGeorge Bundy.[1]

Usages of the phrase "Bay of Pigs"

Since the "designed to fail" nature of the Bay of Pigs Invasion became widely known,[When?] the phrase has been used to refer to such as plot, especially invasions. For example, the 2020 Invasion of Venezuela has been termed "a Venezuelan Bay of Pigs"[2] or "Trump's Bay of Pigs".[3]

Euphemistic use

When Richard Nixon referred to the "Bay of Pigs" many historians have conjectured that he was actually usinf the phrase as a code to refer to the JFK Assassination plot.


Related Documents

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
File:CrimeSoImmense.pdfarticle2000James K. Galbraith
File:The Secret Team.pdfbook1973Fletcher ProutyAn unauthorised history of the CIA from its origins to the Kennedy assassination. Prouty suggested that the assassination was a coup d'état to stop the President from taking control of the CIA after the Bay of Pigs disaster. He also points out that the movement of Kennedy after a bullet struck his head was consistent with a shot from the grassy knoll. He also drew attention to the suspicious actions of the "Umbrella Man".