| Julian Faux |
|Died||July 1998 (Age 63)|
|Alma mater||Sidney Sussex College (Cambridge)|
Faux was born in South Africa and educated at Michaelhouse school in Natal and at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, where he read history. He subsequently joined the Colonial Service and served as a District Commissioner in Swaziland. The Times records:
- It was with great reluctance and regret that Faux resigned from the Colonial Service in 1968 on the eve of Swaziland's independence.
- He refused to return to South Africa because of his hatred of apartheid, and decided instead to seek a new career in Britain.
He joined MI5 in 1968, according to The Times, which states that: "He served in the counter-sabotage section and then had two successive tours as an agent-runner, working against terrorist and espionage targets. It was these postings which showed his natural aptitude for operational assignments, rather than desk work."
Faux was posted to C Branch in 1971. according to the official historian of MI5, Christopher Andrew, Faux found the branch's work "esoteric and arcane." In 1972, he was pleased to be transferred to a section within the branch headed by David Sutherland, who was involved in the creation of an SAS counter-terrorist unit. This may have been the counter-sabotage section referred to by The Times.
In the early 1970s, Faux was involved in F5 operations against Northern Ireland loyalists which led to convictions for smuggling arms and explosives. Faux later attributed these successes to close collaboration with local Special Branches. From 1978, he spent two years as the MI5 security officer at the British Embassy in Moscow, where he was officially a First Secretary. In 1981, Faux was appointed assistant director (i.e. section head) of MI5's A4 surveillance section. He subsequently took charge of a counter-espionage agent-running section, which according to The Times was a joint MI5/MI6 section. In 1985, he was appointed director of A branch.
Deputy Director General
- We have consistently over the last 18 months or so told the Home Office about our unease concerning the ability of MSPB to effectively investigate the PIRA threat on the mainland, and to analyse the intelligence of that threat. At the same time we have made it clear we do not wish to unnecessarily disturb our improving relations with MSPB on the Irish question."
Faux retired in 1993. He subsequently worked as a security consultant, mainly in Commonwealth countries. One project during this period was a report which recommended the abolition of the Fiji Intelligence Service. The Fijilive website reported:
- Senator Manueli said a retired senior intelligence officer, Julian Faux, of Britain, reviewed the FIS and his report was not well received by Col Mua. In his report, Mr Faux found that the quality of intelligence in the police force is higher because they have a broader network and has been in existence for many years.
- Mr Faux said 400,000 dollars can be saved by combining the functions under one umbrella, which can be channelled to the force's special branch so it can improve the FIS's performance.
- Julian Faux, The Times, 23 July 1998.
- Christopher Andrew, The Defence of the Realm, Allen Lane, 2009, p.607.
- Christopher Andrew, The Defence of the Realm, Allen Lane, 2009, p.613.
- Christopher Andrew, The Defence of the Realm, Allen Lane, 2009, p.619.
- Quoted in Christopher Andrew, The Defence of the Realm, Allen Lane, 2009, p.751.
- Christopher Andrew, The Defence of the Realm, Allen Lane, 2009, p.751.
- MOVE TO SCRAP FIJI INTELLIGENCE SERVICE "ON HOLD", SOURCE: Fijilive web site, Suva, in English 5 Oct 99, BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific - Political.