| Philipp Rösler |
|Born||24 February 1973|
|Alma mater||Hanover Medical School|
|Member of||Atlantik-Brücke, Bertelsmann Foundation, WEF/Young Global Leaders/2010|
|Party||Free Democratic Party (Germany)|
German Minister of Health from 2009 to 2011, during which time he was selected Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum. After he left the party in 2013 when it failed to get into parliament, he became Head of the Centre for Regional Strategies of the World Economic Forum. Klaus Schwab said at the time: "We had observed this young man for a while and realized that he would be the right one for us."
Philipp Rösler was German Minister of Health from 2009 to 2011, during which time he was selected Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum.
After he left the party in 2013 when it failed to get into parliament, he became Head of the Centre for Regional Strategies of the World Economic Forum, under Chairman Klaus Schwab, who stated at the time:
We had observed this young man for a while and realized that he would be the right one for us.
He was also Chairman of the liberal Free Democratic Party (FDP) from 2011 to 2013, after Guido Westerwelle was pushed out of politics by deep state forces for having opposed German participation in the 2011 Attacks on Libya.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Political career
- 3 Life after politics
- 4 Other activities
- 5 Events Participated in
- 6 References
Early life and education
Rösler was born in South Vietnam on 24 February 1973. No information regarding Rösler's Vietnamese birth parents is known (which is why he has no Vietnamese name). He was adopted from a Roman Catholic orphanage near Saigon by a German couple who already had two biological children, and brought him to Düsseldorf, West Germany, in a plane of children's rights charitable humanitarian organization Terre des Hommes at the age of nine months. He was raised by his adoptive father, who is a career military officer, after the couple separated when he was four years old.
Rösler grew up in Hamburg, Bückeburg and Hanover, where he graduated from high school in 1992. After training to become a combat medic in the German Bundeswehr (the Federal Defence Force), Rösler was accepted to study medicine at the Hanover Medical School. Following this, he continued his education at the Bundeswehr hospital in Hamburg. He earned his Doctorate in cardiothoracic surgery in 2002. He left the service as a Stabsarzt (a rank for German medical officers equivalent to an army captain) in 2003.
Rösler joined the FDP and its political youth organization, the Young Liberals, in 1992. He was secretary of the FDP in the state of Lower Saxony from 2000 to 2004 and served as chairman of the FDP parliamentary group in the Lower Saxon state assembly from 2003. In April 2008, Rösler was confirmed as the Lower Saxon FDP party chairman, receiving 95% of the votes. On 18 February 2008, Rösler was appointed State Minister for Economic Affairs, Labour and Transport as well as Deputy Minister-President in the cabinet of Minister-President Christian Wulff of Lower Saxony.
Role in federal politics
Federal Minister of Health, 2009–2011
When Rösler was Minister, he brought private health insurance lobbyist Christian Weber to the Federal Ministry of Health on February 1, 2010 as head of the department for fundamental questions of health policy, long-term care insurance and prevention. There he was supposed to work out a health reform. Weber was the deputy director of the Union of Private Health Care Providers (PKV), but had been a member of the FDP for many years and was a health policy advisor for the FDP parliamentary group for a short time. He set up the PKV's scientific institute and carried out a large number of lobbyist health policy studies.
Vice-Chancellor and Federal Minister of Economics and Technology, 2011–2013
Rösler succeeded Rainer Brüderle as Federal Minister of Economics and Technology on 12 May 2011 and Guido Westerwelle as Chairman of the FDP on 13 May 2011 and was also instated as Vice-Chancellor of Germany on 16 May 2011.
Rösler strongly supported the presidential candidacy of Joachim Gauck, originally proposed by the SPD and Greens, and reportedly secured his nomination by convincing his opposing coalition partner, the CDU/CSU, to back the nomination. That was seen as a step to demonstrate the independence of his party which was dramatically trailing in polls.
As a consequence of the FDP's defeat in the 2013 state elections in Lower Saxony, Rösler offered to step down as party chairman. The leadership decided that he would remain but not lead the party in the federal elections, instead acting in a team with Rainer Brüderle as top candidate. Following the defeat of 2013 federal elections, when the FDP was for first time in its history voted out of the Bundestag, he stepped down as chairman and retired from politics. Christian Lindner became his successor as leader of the FDP.
Life after politics
In January 2014 Rösler became a member of the managing board and Head of the Centre for Regional Strategies of the World Economic Forum (WEF) in Switzerland, under the leadership of chairman Klaus Schwab. From late 2017 until early 2019, Rösler served as chief executive officer of New York-based Hainan Cihang Charity Foundation Inc., the largest shareholder of HNA Group.
- Brainloop, Member of the Supervisory Board (since 2020)
- Arabesque S-Ray, Partner (since 2019)
- Numbrs, Member of the Advisory Board (since 2019)
- Enmacc, Member of the Advisory Board (since 2019)
- Fortum, Member of the Supervisory Board (since 2019)
- Siemens Healthineers, Member of the Supervisory Board (since 2018)
- KfW, Ex-Officio Member of the Supervisory Board (2011–13)
- Volkswagen, ex-officio Member of the Supervisory Board (2009)
- Jacobs University Bremen, Member of the Board of Governors (since 2018)
- Bertelsmann Stiftung, Member of the Board of Trustees (since 2017)
- Bertelsmann Foundation North America, Member of the Board of Directors
- Green Helmets, Member of the Board of Trustees
- Robert Enke Foundation, Chairman of the Board of Trustees (2010–14)
- ZDF, Member of the Television Board (2012–13)
Events Participated in
|WEF/Annual Meeting/2013||23 January 2013||27 January 2013||Switzerland||2500 mostly unelected leaders met to discuss "leading through adversity"|
|WEF/Annual Meeting/2016||20 January 2016||23 January 2016||World Economic Forum|
|Attended by over 2500 people, both leaders and followers, who were explained how the Fourth Industrial Revolution would changed everything, including being a "revolution of values".|
|WEF/Annual Meeting/2017||17 January 2017||20 January 2017||World Economic Forum|
|2950 known participants|
- Sven Gösmann (17 September 2011), Der nette Herr Rösler Rheinische Post.
- Expected Attendees at Tonight's State Dinner Office of the First Lady of the United States, press release of 7 June 2011.
- Melissa Eddy and Nicholas Kulish (21 January 2013), Merkel’s Strong Standing Takes a Hit in Local German Elections New York Times.
- Eyk Henning (7 November 2017), HNA’s Top Owner Is Said to Name Ex-German Minister as Chief Bloomberg News.
- Michael B. Berger (26 May 2019), [„Mein Abgang war nicht freiwillig“: Was ist eigentlich aus Philipp Rösler geworden?] Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung .
- Sebastian Matthes (30 June 2020), Ex-FDP-Chef Philipp Rösler wird Aufsichtsrat beim IT-Unternehmen Brainloop Handelsblatt.
- Katharina Schneider (18 July 2019), Fintech Arabesque setzt auf Nachhaltigkeit – und den Partner Philipp Rösler Handelsblatt.
- Dr.Philipp Rösler joins Numbrs’ Advisory Board Numbrs, press release of 24 May 2019.
- PROPOSALS BY FORTUM’S SHAREHOLDERS’ NOMINATION BOARD TO THE 2019 ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING ON THE NUMBER OF THE BOARD MEMBERS, THE COMPOSITION OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND THE REMUNERATION OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS Fortum.
- Caspar Busse (28 February 2018), Bei Siemens gelandet Süddeutsche Zeitung.
- Governance Jacobs University Bremen.
- Board of Trustees Green Helmets.