Samuel Huntington

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Person.png Samuel Huntington   C-SPAN IMDB NNDB Powerbase SourcewatchRdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
(academic, deep state operative)
Samuel huntington.jpg
BornSamuel Phillips Huntington
1927-04-18
New York City, New York, U.S.
Died2008-12-24 (Age 81)
Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, U.S.
NationalityAmerican
Member ofBrookings Institution, Council on Foreign Relations/Historical Members, Freedom House/Board and Staff, Weatherhead Center for International Affairs
InterestsPolitical science

Professor Samuel Phillips Huntington was an American political scientist, academic and US deep state operative. He consulted for the State Department, the National Security Council and the CIA under the Johnson and Carter administrations. He is most known for his Clash of Civilizations thesis/strategy roadmap.

“The West won the world not by the superiority of its ideas or values or religion but rather by its superiority in applying organized violence. Westerners often forget this fact, non-Westerners never do.”
Samuel P. Huntington [1]

Background

Born in 1927, Huntington graduated with distinction from Yale University aged 18, served in the US Army, earned his Master's degree from the University of Chicago, and completed his Ph.D. at Harvard University where he began teaching at age 23.

Academic Career

After the Second World War, he played an important role in launching the neo-conservative movement alongside Irving Kristol and Norman Podhoretz. He was a member of Harvard's department of government from 1950 until he was denied tenure in 1959.Along with Zbigniew Brzezinski, who had also been denied tenure, he moved to Columbia University in New York. From 1959 to 1962 he was an associate professor of government at Columbia, where he was also deputy director of their Institute of War and Peace Studies. Huntington was invited to return to Harvard with tenure in 1963 and remained there until his death. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1965. Huntington and Warren Demian Manshel co-founded and co-edited Foreign Policy. Huntington stayed as co-editor until 1977.

Career

During the 1960, Huntington was behind the urbanization campaign in South-Vietnam, using maximum force, including B-52 bombers, to "empty the sea" in which successive American commanders had failed to catch the guerilla "fish". Millions of peasants were forced off their property, into cities and "secure villages" where they lived on food handouts.[2]

During the 1970s, Huntington was an advisor to the Brazilian military dictatorship. In 1972, he met with Medici government representatives in Brazil; a year later he published the report "Approaches to Political Decompression", warning against the risks of a too-rapid ending of the military dictatorship.

During the presidency of Jimmy Carter, Huntington was the White House Coordinator of Security Planning for the National Security Council 1977-78.

During the 1980s Apartheid era in South Africa, he served as an adviser to their intelligence agency/death squad Civil Cooperation Bureau, which used his ideas on political order to craft its "total strategy" to reform apartheid and suppress growing resistance. He assured South Africa's rulers that increasing the repressive power of the state (which at that time included police violence, detention without trial, and torture) can be necessary to effect reform. The reform process, he told his South African audience, often requires "duplicity, deceit, faulty assumptions and purposeful blindness." He thus gave his imprimatur to his hosts' project of "reforming" apartheid rather than eliminating it

Clash of Civilizations?

In 1993 Huntington provoked great debate among international relations theorists with the interrogatively titled The Clash of Civilizations?, an influential, oft-cited article published in Foreign Affairs magazine. In the article he argued that, after the fall of the Soviet Union, Islam would become the biggest obstacle to Western domination of the world. The West's next big war therefore, he said, would inevitably be with Islam. Its description of post-Cold War geopolitics and the "inevitability of instability" contrasted with the influential "End of History" thesis advocated by Francis Fukuyama.

Huntington's article, and the unusually extensive coverage and promotion it received, has the hallmarks more of a government roadmap to an active strategy that should be made happen, rather than an academic thesis.

Sept. 11 2001

Andreas von Bülow named Huntington as a suspect in the 9-11 operation.[3]

Publications

  • 1976 The Crisis of Democracy: On the Governability of Democracies, a report issued by the Trilateral Commission


 

Event Participated in

EventStartEndDescription
Colloquium on Clandestine Collection30 December 198131 December 1981A spooky colloquium in Washington DC


References

  1. Ch. 2 : Civilizations in History and Today, § 10 : Relations Among Civilizations, p. 51
  2. Wilfred Burchett;Grasshoppers and Elephants p222
  3. Document:Andreas von Buelow - Interview