|Died||16 November 2009 (Age 37)|
Matrosskaya Tishina Prison, Moscow, Russia
|Victim of||premature death|
Died in a Moscow prison 8 days before he would have had to be released if he were not brought to trial.
Sergei Leonidovich Magnitsky was a Russian tax advisor. His arrest in 2008 and subsequent death after eleven months in police custody generated international media attention shortly thereafter. It triggered both official and unofficial inquiries into allegations of fraud, theft and human rights violations in Russia. Thanks to the lobbying effort of the well connected Bill Browder, his death led to sanction legislation which is named after him, the Magnitsky Act.
Sergei Magnitsky alleged there had been large-scale theft from the Russian state, sanctioned and carried out by Russian officials. He was arrested and eventually died in prison a few days before the expiration of the one-year term during which he could be legally held without trial. In total, Magnitsky served 358 days in Moscow's Butyrka prison. He developed gall stones, pancreatitis, and a blocked gall bladder, and received inadequate medical care. A human rights council set up by the Kremlin found that he had been physically assaulted shortly before his death. His case became an international cause célèbre.
The United States Congress and President Barack Obama enacted the Magnitsky Act at the end of 2012, barring those Russian officials believed to be involved in Magnitsky's death from entering the United States or using its banking system. John McCain was instrumental in the process of bringing the legislation into existence. In response, Russia condemned the act and claimed Magnitsky was guilty of crimes.
Magnitsky did have training as accountant, but he did not have a degree in law. At the time of his death he was employed by Firestone Duncan, a Moscow based law firm which did the legal work for Browder’s Hermitage Capital Management.
Conclusion of the ECHR in 2019
The European Court of Human Rights did criticize the Russian Government in some respects, but also stressed that the arrest of Sergei Magnitsky was justified. On 16 September 2019, Craig Murray wrote:
- "The conscientious judges of the European Court of Human Rights published a judgement a fortnight ago which utterly exploded the version of events promulgated by Western governments and media in the case of the late Mr Magnitsky. Yet I can find no truthful report of the judgement in the mainstream media at all."
|Document:The Magnitsky Myth Exploded||blog post||16 September 2019||Craig Murray||Craig Murray: I am offering a bottle of Lagavulin to anybody who can find me an honest and fair MSM report of this judgement reflecting that the whole story was built on lies.|
|File:Death of Sergey Magnitskey-Firestone Duncan.pdf||Document||Firestone Duncan||Death notification about the demise of Sergei Magnitsky by Firestone Duncan which spells his name incorrectly.|
- Russia 'is now a criminal state', says Bill Browder
- Dying in Agony: His Reward for Solving a $230 Million Fraud
- Bill Browder 2015 deposition
- Document:The Magnitsky Myth Exploded