Freedom of Information Act

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Concept.png Freedom of Information Act 
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Interest of• MuckRock News
• Caitlin Russell
• Ryan Shapiro

There are different Freedom of Information Act(s) by jurisdiction.[1] Different deep states have evolved different ways of dealing with them.[citation needed]

United States

The Freedom of Information Act is a federal freedom of information law that requires the full or partial disclosure of previously unreleased information and documents controlled by the United States government upon request.[2]

CIA

In the US, the CIA claims the right to refuse to release classified documents it had previously "leaked" to journalists.[3]

Ryan Shapiro

Ryan Shapiro is regarded by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) as the "most prolific" FOIA requester. His work helped expose the Dallas occupy plot.

United Kindom

The Freedom of Information Act 2000 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that creates a public "right of access" to information held by public authorities.[4]

“It appears that Freedom of Information (hereinafter FOI) laws have never been loved by their parents. When US President Lyndon Johnson signed the world's first FOI Act into law in 1966, he was so keen not to be associated with it that – uniquely among modern Presidential enactions – there was no photographer present to capture the historic moment. It is fitting that Britain's Prime Minister Tony Blair, who gave the UK its own FOI Act, has since attempted to disassociate himself from the law he presented to the Queen for Royal Assent in 2000.”
Garrick Alder (2017)  The British state’s failed attempt to kill off the Freedom of Information Act [5]

"Freedom of Information (FOI) requests are supposed to be ‘applicant-blind’: meaning who makes the request should not matter. But it now emerges that government departments and non-departmental public bodies have been referring ‘sensitive’ FOI requests from journalists and researchers to the Clearing House in Gove’s department in a move described by a shadow cabinet minister as “blacklisting”."[6]

Australia

In Australia, the Freedom of Information Act 1982 was passed at the federal level in 1982, applying to all "ministers, departments and public authorities" of the Commonwealth. The act was amended in 2010 under the Rudd Government, establishing the government office of the information commissioner, to further promote freedom of information.[7]


 

Examples

Page nameDescription
Freedom of Information Act 2000
US/Freedom of Information Act
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References