Difference between revisions of "Frank Steele"

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[[Secret Intelligence Service|MI6]] officer who opened contacts with the IRA in the early 1970s.
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{{person
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|birth_date=1923
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|birth_place=India
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|death_date=November 1997
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|alma_mater=Cambridge University/Emmanuel College
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|constitutes=spook, banker, deep politician
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|description=An MI6 officer with [[African]] connections who opened contacts with the [[IRA]] in the early [[1970s]]. He later moved into banking and attended more than one meeting of Le Cercle.
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|powerbase=http://www.powerbase.info/index.php/Frank_Steele
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|employment={{job
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|title=spook
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|employer=MI6
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|start=1951
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|end=1975}}{{job
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|employer=Kleinwort Benson
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|start=1975
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|end=?}}
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}}
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'''Frank Steele''' was an [[MI6]] officer who opened contacts with the [[IRA]] in the early [[1970s]].<ref>https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2008/mar/18/northernireland.northernireland</ref> He later moved into banking and attended more than one meeting of [[Le Cercle]].
  
::When Stormont collapsed [in 1972] a diverse collection of home civil servants, diplomats and spooks was sent out to try and make sense of the place. One of these was a remarkable Secret Intelligence Service (SIS) officer, Frank Steele, a former colonial officer and travelling companion to the explorer [[Wilfred Thesiger]].
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==Background==
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He studied engineering in [[Emmanuel College, Cambridge]].<ref name="atoz"/>
  
::Steele made it his job to get out into Catholic ghettos like the Falls Road in Belfast and the Bogside in Derry and to make contacts at all levels. Eventually he was able to get in touch with Provisional IRA leaders and suggest they come to London to see [[Willie Whitelaw]] [the first Northern Ireland secretary] in 1972. Steele was the first British official to meet the IRA.<ref>[http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2008/mar/18/northernireland.northernireland Talking to the enemy: the secret intermediaries who contacted the IRA], [[The Guardian]], 18 March 2008.</ref>
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==MI6 Career==
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He joined [[MI6]] in 1951 and was posted to [[Basra]], and then served in [[Cyprus]], [[Libya]] and [[London]]. He was station chief in [[Amman]] in 1965 and in 1968 in [[Nairobi]].<ref="atoz"/>
  
::While in Kenya, he had had to engage in dialogue with [[Jomo Kenyatta]], considered a terrorist, and did not see much difference in talking to the Republicans. As well as arranging the Whitelaw meeting, Steele was able to use his contacts to prevent a bloodbath occurring when, in [[Operation Motorman]], the British Army retook the no-go areas in Derry immediately after the meeting with [[Willie Whitelaw|Whitelaw]]. The [[Irish Republican Army|IRA]] were advised of the situation and withdrew their weapons and ammunition, making no attempt to wage a pitched battle with the army.<ref>Great Hatred, Little Room: Making Peace in Northern Ireland, by [[Jonathan Powell]], The Bodley Head, 2008, p67.</ref>
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===Northern Ireland===
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When Stormont collapsed in 1972 a diverse collection of home civil servants, diplomats and spooks was sent out to try and make sense of the place. One of these was a remarkable MI6 officer, Frank Steele, a former colonial officer and travelling companion to the explorer [[Wilfred Thesiger]].
  
::From 1971 to 1972, primacy appeared to be with [[MI6]] under Frank Steele. In May 1972, the Director General of MI5 and the Head of MI6 agreed to establish an [[Irish Joint Section]] (IJS) for the purpose of co-ordinating the operations and intelligence distribution of both bodies.<ref>[http://www.dublinmonaghanbombings.org/DubMonInterim.pdf Interim Report on the Report of the Independent Commission of Inquiry into the Dublin and Monaghan Bombings of 1974 (December 2003)], Appendix E: The Report of the Independent Commission of Inquiry into the Dublin and Monaghan bombings, p37</ref>
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:Steele made it his job to get out into Catholic ghettos like the Falls Road in Belfast and the Bogside in Derry and to make contacts at all levels. Eventually he was able to get in touch with Provisional IRA leaders and suggest they come to London to see [[Willie Whitelaw]] [the first Northern Ireland secretary] in 1972. Steele was the first British official to meet the IRA.<ref>[http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2008/mar/18/northernireland.northernireland Talking to the enemy: the secret intermediaries who contacted the IRA], [[The Guardian]], 18 March 2008.</ref>
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:While in [[Kenya]], he had had to engage in dialogue with [[Jomo Kenyatta]], considered a [[terrorist]], and did not see much difference in talking to the Republicans. As well as arranging the Whitelaw meeting, Steele was able to use his contacts to prevent a bloodbath occurring when, in [[Operation Motorman]], the British Army retook the no-go areas in Derry immediately after the meeting with [[Willie Whitelaw|Whitelaw]]. The [[Irish Republican Army|IRA]] were advised of the situation and withdrew their weapons and ammunition, making no attempt to wage a pitched battle with the army.<ref>Great Hatred, Little Room: Making Peace in Northern Ireland, by [[Jonathan Powell]], The Bodley Head, 2008, p67.</ref>
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:From 1971 to 1972, primacy appeared to be with [[MI6]] under Frank Steele. In May 1972, the [[Director General of MI5]] and the [[Chief of MI6]] agreed to establish an [[Irish Joint Section]] (IJS) for the purpose of co-ordinating the operations and intelligence distribution of both bodies.<ref>[http://www.dublinmonaghanbombings.org/DubMonInterim.pdf Interim Report on the Report of the Independent Commission of Inquiry into the Dublin and Monaghan Bombings of 1974 (December 2003)], Appendix E: The Report of the Independent Commission of Inquiry into the Dublin and Monaghan bombings, p37</ref>
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==Later activities==
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In 1975, Frank Steele officially retired as a spook and went to work for bankers [[Kleinwort Benson]].<ref name="atoz">''The A to Z of British Intelligence'', By [[Nigel West]]</ref>
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===Le Cercle===
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In January 1984, he attended a meeting of [[Le Cercle]] with his wife.<ref>https://isgp-studies.com/2011_10_First_ever_documents_of_Le_Cercle</ref>
  
 
==Connections==
 
==Connections==
 
[[Michael Oatley]]
 
[[Michael Oatley]]
 
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{{SMWDocs}}
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
 
[[category: spooks|Steele, Frank]][[category: MI6|Steele, Frank]]
 
[[Category: Northern Ireland|Steele, Frank]]
 

Latest revision as of 17:09, 26 August 2019

Person.png Frank Steele PowerbaseRdf-icon.png
(spook, banker, deep politician)
Born1923
India
DiedNovember 1997 (Age 73)
Alma materCambridge University/Emmanuel College
Member ofLe Cercle
An MI6 officer with African connections who opened contacts with the IRA in the early 1970s. He later moved into banking and attended more than one meeting of Le Cercle.

Spy-512.png spook Wikipedia-icon.png

In office
1951 - 1975
EmployerMI6
"?" contains an extrinsic dash or other characters that are invalid for a date interpretation.

Employment.png 

In office
1975 - ?
EmployerKleinwort Benson

Frank Steele was an MI6 officer who opened contacts with the IRA in the early 1970s.[1] He later moved into banking and attended more than one meeting of Le Cercle.

Background

He studied engineering in Emmanuel College, Cambridge.[2]

MI6 Career

He joined MI6 in 1951 and was posted to Basra, and then served in Cyprus, Libya and London. He was station chief in Amman in 1965 and in 1968 in Nairobi.<ref="atoz"/>

Northern Ireland

When Stormont collapsed in 1972 a diverse collection of home civil servants, diplomats and spooks was sent out to try and make sense of the place. One of these was a remarkable MI6 officer, Frank Steele, a former colonial officer and travelling companion to the explorer Wilfred Thesiger.

Steele made it his job to get out into Catholic ghettos like the Falls Road in Belfast and the Bogside in Derry and to make contacts at all levels. Eventually he was able to get in touch with Provisional IRA leaders and suggest they come to London to see Willie Whitelaw [the first Northern Ireland secretary] in 1972. Steele was the first British official to meet the IRA.[3]
While in Kenya, he had had to engage in dialogue with Jomo Kenyatta, considered a terrorist, and did not see much difference in talking to the Republicans. As well as arranging the Whitelaw meeting, Steele was able to use his contacts to prevent a bloodbath occurring when, in Operation Motorman, the British Army retook the no-go areas in Derry immediately after the meeting with Whitelaw. The IRA were advised of the situation and withdrew their weapons and ammunition, making no attempt to wage a pitched battle with the army.[4]
From 1971 to 1972, primacy appeared to be with MI6 under Frank Steele. In May 1972, the Director General of MI5 and the Chief of MI6 agreed to establish an Irish Joint Section (IJS) for the purpose of co-ordinating the operations and intelligence distribution of both bodies.[5]

Later activities

In 1975, Frank Steele officially retired as a spook and went to work for bankers Kleinwort Benson.[2]

Le Cercle

In January 1984, he attended a meeting of Le Cercle with his wife.[6]

Connections

Michael Oatley

1923|November 1997| 

Events Participated in

EventStartEndLocation(s)Description
Le Cercle/1982 (Wildbad Kreuth)11 June 198213 June 1982Wildbad Kreuth, West Germany
Le Cercle/1983 (Bonn)30 June 19833 July 1983Germany
Bonn
Le Cercle/1984 (Capetown)12 January 198415 January 1984Stellenbosch, Capetown, South Africa
Le Cercle/1985 (Washington)7 January 198510 January 1985US
Washington DC


References

  1. https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2008/mar/18/northernireland.northernireland
  2. a b The A to Z of British Intelligence, By Nigel West
  3. Talking to the enemy: the secret intermediaries who contacted the IRA, The Guardian, 18 March 2008.
  4. Great Hatred, Little Room: Making Peace in Northern Ireland, by Jonathan Powell, The Bodley Head, 2008, p67.
  5. Interim Report on the Report of the Independent Commission of Inquiry into the Dublin and Monaghan Bombings of 1974 (December 2003), Appendix E: The Report of the Independent Commission of Inquiry into the Dublin and Monaghan bombings, p37
  6. https://isgp-studies.com/2011_10_First_ever_documents_of_Le_Cercle
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An MI6 officer with African connections who opened contacts with the IRA in the early 1970s. He later moved into banking and attended more than one meeting of Le Cercle. +
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1923 - November 1997 +
Frank Steele +
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