Africa

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The "dark continent", almost completely overrun by European colonialists, now full of nominally independent governments. Its exploitation continues in a range of more modern, complex, forms, such as land grabbing.

Place.png Africa
(Continent)
Rdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png

Africa is a contenent.

Colonial Africa 1913 map.jpg

Colonisation

Full article: Berlin Conference

Almost all of Africa was colonised by European powers, especially Britain and France. Modern Ethiopia is an exception. "European powers worked hard to keep knowledge of its crimes in Africa away from public scrutiny."[1]

Decolonization

Nominal independence was granted to the former colonies throughout the 20th century.

Land grabbing

Full article: Stub class article Land grabbing

Africa has undergone a boom in land grabbing as foreign investors sought assets likely to be unaffected by, or even to benefit from the global economic events after 2008.

Terrorism

ISIS has operated in Africa.

China

China has taken an interest.

Militarization

Of the The US military has a "quiet but ever-expanding presence on the continent", which has been termed a "shadow war".[2]

“Of the 53 armed forces in Africa, 41 (or 77 percent) received U.S. military training.”
 (April 1999)  [3]

 

Related Quotation

PageQuoteAuthorDate
William Mountbatten-Windsor“We are going to have to work much harder and think much deeper, if we are to ensure that human beings and the other species of animal with which we share this planet can continue to co-exist...Africa's rapidly growing human population is predicted to more than double by 2050, a staggering increase of three and a half million people per month...There is no question that this increase puts wildlife and habitat under enormous pressure. Urbanisation, infrastructure development, cultivation—all good things in themselves, but they will have a terrible impact unless we begin to plan and to take measures now.”William Mountbatten-Windsor2017

 

Nation states

Nation stateDescription
AlgeriaA nation on the Mediterranean Sea. The largest country in Africa, formerly colonised by France.
AngolaSouth West African state
BotswanaCountry in Southern Africa. Formerly part of the British Empire, Botswana is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world.
Burkina FasoAfrican country; formely part of the French Empire.
BurundiVery small African nation, formerly part of the Belgian Empire. Their president died under mysterious circumstances during COVID.
CameroonWest African state
Cape VerdeAfrican island nation. Independence from Portugal in 1975.
Central African RepublicIncredibly unstable, poor African country. They speak Sango and French in the CAR.
ChadArabic and French speaking desert nation in North Africa. Formerly part of the French Empire, Chad has seen instability in recent years.
ComorosObscure island nation off the east coast of Africa. A nation formed at a crossroads of different civilisations, The Comoros is noted for its diverse culture.
Côte d'IvoireThe Ivory Coast.
Democratic Republic of the CongoA large country in central Africa, the majority of the former 'Belgian Congo'.
Djiboutismall country in East Africa.
EgyptStrategically important due particularly to the Suez canal.
Equatorial GuineaVery small country in Central Africa, between Gabon and Cameroon. Rich in oil.
EswatiniSmall African Kingdom; surrounded by South Africa.
EthiopiaThe most populous landlocked country in the world.
GabonFrench speaking country on the west coast of Africa.
GhanaFormerly known as the "Gold Coast", Ghana has one of the most stable governments in Africa. A member of the African Union and the Commonwealth of Nations
GuineaFrench speaking country in West Africa.
Guinea BissauFrench speaking country in West Africa.
KenyaFormer UK colony in East Africa
LiberiaThe only state in Africa never subjected to colonial rule and Africa's oldest republic.
LibyaLibya has larger proven oil reserves than any other African nation, ranking 9th in the world. It was provided with a lot of bomb making equipment in the late 1970s in the Arms for Libya clandestine weapons deal. NATO airstrikes killed 60,000 Libyan civilians in 2011.
MadagascarA large island off southern Africa
MalawiFormer UK colony in East Africa
MaliFormer French colony in West Africa
MauritaniaAfrican country that banned slavery in 2007.
MauritiusIsland nation in the Indian Ocean. Now a tax haven.
MozambiqueSouth East African state, former Portuguese colony, now in the British Commonwealth.
NamibiaA diamond rich territory, formerly occupied by South Africa
Niger
NigeriaA populous, highly oil/gas rich nation in Africa.
Republic of the CongoFrench-speaking country in Africa.
Senegal
Sierra LeoneA global cocaine trafficking hub in West Africa
Somalia
South AfricaA former UK colony
South SudanCountry partitioned out of Sudan in extensive covert operation
Sudan
São Tomé and PríncipeA portugese-speaking island nation in the Gulf of Guinea.
TanzaniaFormer UK colony in East Africa. The president, John Magufuli, who in 2020 resisted WHO pressure to institute a COVID lockdown, died in 2021.
TogoVery small country in West Africa.
Tunisia
UgandaFormer UK colony in East Africa
Zambia
Zimbabwe

 

Event

Event
Dag Hammarskjöld/Premature death

 

Related Documents

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:Integrity Initiative Weekly Report 9th to 15th July 2018report15 July 2018Euan Grant
Document:Libya – Unbearable Lightness of Being, Africa 1webpage29 August 2011Anis H. Bajrektarevic
Document:Statement from the Pan African Improvement Organisationstatement27 August 2011Akili Secka
Document:The Destabilization of Africaarticle1 January 2014Carla SteaGlobal power block machinations over the mineral wealth of Africa
Document:The real invasion of Africa is not newsarticle31 January 2013John PilgerThe real character of renewed US and Western involvement in Africa
Document:Who pulls Boko Haram’s strings?interview16 July 2013Keith Harmon-SnowKeith Harmon-Snow interviewed by Voice of Russia about Boko Haram and the beneficiaries of their activities