| Al-Nusra Front |
At the beginning of 2012, ANF was one amongst many Syrian jihadi groups fighting against the regime of Bashar al-Assad and striving to eventually establish a Sunni Islamic State in Syria. However, the impact of ISIS' Caliphate declaration in June 2014, a divisive move in the global jihadi community, cannot be underestimated in its effect on the tactics, organisation and rhetoric of its former ally Jabhat al-Nusra.
JN was formed in 2011 as a Syrian vanguard of Islamic State of Iraq (ISI, formerly al-Qaeda in Iraq), when the group's emir Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, now leader of ISIS, sent Abu Mohammad al-Julani to manage and bring together disparate jihadi groups in the region. The Syrian al-Julani, whose nom de guerre is a reference to the Golan Heights, was at one point held at Camp Bucca in Iraq by the US military.
|Document:Dropping bombs on behalf of Al Qaeda||article||9 April 2017||Peter Hitchens||On Friday morning 7 April 2017 the United States Navy launched 59 cruise missiles on behalf of Al Qaeda|
|Document:Now the truth emerges: how the US fuelled the rise of Isis in Syria and Iraq||Article||3 June 2015||Seumas Milne||American forces bomb one set of rebels while backing another in Syria, and mount what are effectively joint military operations with Iran against ISIS in Iraq while supporting Saudi Arabia’s military campaign against Iranian-backed Houthi forces in Yemen|
|Document:Who has Committed the Recent Gas Attack in Syria||Article||6 April 2017||Jean Périer||The plan to incriminate the Syrian government for the use of chemical weapons was finalised at a meeting in an Israeli army camp deep inside the occupied territory of the Golan Heights attended by leaders of a number of terrorist groups sponsored by Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Turkey, Israel, France, UK and the United States.|