|This page has been nominated for splitting up. There are so many documents at the end of this article.|
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|Syrian Arab Republic|
|Interest of||Muhammad Idrees Ahmad, Lukas Andriukaitis, Andrew Ashdown, Vanessa Beeley, Bellingcat, Brian Berletic, CENTCOM, DFR Lab, Peter Ford, Sijbren de Jong, Adam Larson, Victor Lewis-Smith, Thierry Meyssan, Moon of Alamaba, NewColdWar.org, Bas Spliet, UK Column, Working Group on Syria Propaganda and Media|
|Member of||Arab League|
|A nation state in the Middle East being targeted by NATO countries and their terrorist proxies with a "humanitarian intervention"/"War on Terror" campaign to effect 'regime change'.|
Syria, officially the Syrian Arab Republic, which borders Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest, has been embroiled in a US-inspired uprising since March 2011 aimed at toppling President Bashar al-Assad and replacing him with an American-backed puppet leader. The CIA’s covert Operation Timber Sycamore to provide arms, supplies and training to the thousands of jihadist militants who signed up to fight the Syrian government starting in 2012 was closed down by the Trump administration in 2017.
In late 2018, Donald Trump ordered the immediate withdrawal of almost all US troops from Syria within 90 days. He repeated the order in October 2019 but several hundred US troops remain, notwithstanding the president’s executive decisions. In November 2020, Jim Jeffrey, outgoing US special representative for Syria, encouraged President-elect Joe Biden to "stay the course" laid out by him and other members of the Trump administration. Jeffrey warned Biden not to try to engage in Bush-style nation-building in Syria stressing:
- “I think the stalemate we’ve put together is a step forward and I would advocate it.”
US Invasion plans
In 2001, in the Pentagon, a general told me : ‘I just received a classified memo from the Secretary of Defense: we will take seven countries in five years, starting with Iraq, then Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Somalia, Sudan and finally, Iran.’
In Summer 2013, the Defense Intelligence Agency and the Joint Chiefs of Staff put together a highly classified assessment, which forecast that the fall of Assad would lead to chaos and, potentially, to Syria’s takeover by extremists, much as was then happening in Libya. The Joint Chiefs felt that a direct challenge to President Obama’s stated policy of removing Assad would have "had a zero chance of success" so they decided to take steps against the extremists without going through political channels, by providing US intelligence to the militaries of other nations, on the understanding that it would be passed on to the Syrian Arab Army and used against the common enemy, Jabhat al-Nusra and Islamic State.
Audio leaked in January 2017 suggested that the US was hoping that ISIS would expand to the point at which it would lead to regime change in Syria. Dr Rola appeared on UK television to support the case that bombing of Syria could be morally justified as "humanitarian intervention".
Lubricating regime change
In September 2015, Craig Murray noted that the British government's self-denying ordinance from engaging in armed conflict in Syria appeared to be crumbling. On 2 December 2015, following a 10-hour debate, the House of Commons voted by 397 to 223 in favour of bombing Daesh in Syria. Instead of targeting terrorists, however, David Cameron ordered RAF Tornados from Akrotiri in Cyprus to bomb the Omar oil field in eastern Syria. The second wave of airstrikes on 5 December 2015 also targeted the Omar oil field. Brimstone missiles (costing £100,000 each) were deployed for the first time in another RAF airstrike on the Omar oil field on 10 January 2016.
SANA, the Syrian news agency, declared:
- "Britain didn't ask permission from Syria's government. Cameron told lies."
On 18 December 2015, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2254 calling for a ceasefire in Syria, an immediate halt to any attacks on civilian targets and the formation of a unity government. Excluded from the ceasefire are Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) and Al-Nusra Front, Al-Qaeda’s branch in Syria.
After UNSCR 2254 (2015) passed, US Secretary of State John Kerry, who chaired the Security Council meeting, said that it was the time “to put an end to indiscriminate bombing, torture and the bloodshed” in Syria, adding that significant progress had been made “that gives us grounds for encouragement.”
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov noted that the Vienna format is the only way to bring all foreign players to the table and ensure a fair settlement in Syria through talks:
- “Today’s unanimous vote in the UN Security Council should pave the way for the formation of a broad front against terrorism on the basis of the UN Charter, with the support of all on Earth who are opposed to terrorism, including the army of Syria, the Kurdish militia, and the armed forces of the Syrian patriotic opposition. The air force of the Russian Federation, at the request of the legitimate government of the Syrian Arab Republic, is contributing to the completion of this task.
- “Only Syrian-led inclusive dialogue can put an end to untold suffering in Syria,” Lavrov said, stressing that Syria should remain a secular, unified, and multi-ethnic country. “Only the Syrian people are to decide on their future, including the fate of President Assad – this is an answer, included into the resolution, to attempts to enforce outside will on the Syrians,” Lavrov said.
- "The fight against terrorism must be consistent and not opportunistic in nature, whether it be in Syria or anywhere else. Attempts to separate terrorists into good and bad are unacceptable. The resolution stresses the need to provide humanitarian assistance to the Syrian people. It must be provided in strict accordance with the guidelines of the United Nations, enshrined in General Assembly resolutions and the decisions of the Security Council, including the principle of the consent of the host government.”
Noting that Saudi Prince Abdel Mohsen Bin Walid Bin Abdulaziz was held in Syria with four other men and around 2 tons of amphetamines in the Prince's private jet, The Telegraph reported in 2015 that the country has a growing role as an exporter of illegal drugs.
Alleged use of chemical weapons
On 15 October 2018, the BBC Panorama programme entitled "Syria's Chemical War" was broadcast. It was a joint investigation by BBC Panorama and BBC Arabic which claimed to show how chemical weapons had been used by the Syrian Government as part of a deliberate military strategy. There were serious concerns over the investigation’s reliance on 'broadly impartial' sources — who are not named — and consequently the reliability of the programme's findings. On 16 October, members of the Global Network for Syria issued the following response:
- “Yesterday's BBC Panorama programme was notable for its omissions. It was not clear, for example, whether evidence backing the claims of 106 uses of chemical weapons came from Syrian rebel sources. Given that sources are not named, the BBC may be relying on evidence from groups that are widely regarded as favourable to the opposition, such as the White Helmets, the Syrian American Medical Society, or the Union of Medical Care and Relief Organisations.
- "The investigation ignored the interim findings of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) on the Douma incident, which contradict the BBC’s conclusions. The OPCW found no evidence of the use of prohibited weapons in Douma and did not rule out that chlorine cylinders found at the site may have been planted.
- "The programme showed former OPCW staff saying that not all of President Assad's stocks destroyed under OPCW supervision were necessarily accounted for. It neglected to point out, however, that the OPCW reported in 2014 that it had been unable to visit two sites where chemical weapons were stored and that both these sites were in rebel-held territory deemed unsafe for inspectors to visit.
- "The programme also claimed to detect a pattern of Assad using chemical weapons in the final stages of sieges. But the report did not address questions raised by numerous military experts who ask why Syrian Government Forces, which were already winning the war, would deploy chemical weapons of limited usefulness, risking severe reprisals by the US-led Coalition.
- "There are further concerns regarding the lack of reference to Islamist fighters, who have used chlorine canisters as part of their "resistance", and who have butchered not just Christians and Alawites but also hundreds of the civilians living under their control, as documented by the UN.
- "The war in Syria is complex, with many different layers to the conflict. It is crucial that any future investigation includes historical and geopolitical context, objective analysis, transparency about sources, and, at the very least, an acknowledgement that there are different points of view.”
- Peter Ford, former British Ambassador to Syria
- Dr Tim Anderson, University of Sydney
- Lord Carey of Clifton
- Baroness Cox
- Lord Gordon of Strathblane
- Dr Michael Langrish, former Bishop of Exeter
- Lord Stoddart of Swindon
|"Humanitarian intervention"||“Suddenly, children in Syria matter a lot to the West, while Yemen's child victims are rarely ever mentioned. Suddenly there’s an urgent moral issue being rushed through the court of public opinion. This has all the hallmarks of the prior propaganda campaigns we’ve seen before. Scant evidence, immediate assignment of blame, and a quick rush to military action before anybody can really properly question the train of events.”||'Tyler Durden'||14 April 2018|
|Wesley Clark||“In 2001, in the Pentagon, a general told me : ‘I just received a classified memo from the Secretary of Defense: we will take seven countries in five years, starting with Iraq, then Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Somalia, Sudan and finally, Iran.’”||Wesley Clark||2 March 2007|
|Riam Dalati||“Sick and tired of activists and [Syrian] rebels using corpses of dead children to stage emotive scenes for Western consumption. Then they wonder why some serious journos are questioning part of the narrative,”||Riam Dalati||February 2019|
|Document:US Planned Syrian Civilian Catastrophe Since 2007||“Nasrallah said he believed that President Bush’s goal was “the drawing of a new map for the region. They want the partition of Iraq. Iraq is not on the edge of a civil war — there is a civil war. There is ethnic and sectarian cleansing. The daily killing and displacement which is taking place in Iraq aims at achieving three Iraqi parts, which will be sectarian and ethnically pure as a prelude to the partition of Iraq. Within one or two years at the most, there will be total Sunni areas, total Shiite areas, and total Kurdish areas. Even in Baghdad, there is a fear that it might be divided into two areas, one Sunni and one Shiite...
“I can say that President Bush is lying when he says he does not want Iraq to be partitioned. All the facts occurring now on the ground make you swear he is dragging Iraq to partition. And a day will come when he will say, ‘I cannot do anything, since the Iraqis want the partition of their country and I honor the wishes of the people of Iraq.’"Nasrallah said he believed that America also wanted to bring about the partition of Lebanon and of Syria. In Syria, he said, the result would be to push the country “into chaos and internal battles like in Iraq.” In Lebanon, “There will be a Sunni state, an Alawi state, a Christian state, and a Druze state.” But, he said, “I do not know if there will be a Shiite state.””
|Robert Stuart||“Let me pin my colours to the mast and say that I am absolutely convinced that the BBC did deliberately and knowingly fake evidence of chemical attacks.”||Craig Murray|
|Donald Trump||“Islamic terrorism is eating up large portions of the Middle East. They've become rich. I'm in competition with them. They just built a hotel in Syria. Can you believe this? They built a hotel. When I have to build a hotel, I pay interest. They don't have to pay interest, because they took the oil that, when we left Iraq, I said we should've taken”||Donald Trump||June 2015|
|Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu||“It is not possible to give up our rights and interests in the Eastern Mediterranean just because sanctions will come or because the EU will criticize us.”||Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu||14 December 2020|
Ambassadors to Syria
|Ambassador to Syria|
|UK/Ambassador to Syria|
|US/Ambassador to Syria||1942|
|2015 Russian Sukhoi Su-24 shootdown||Shoot-down of a Russian Su24M bomber over Syria by a Turkish F16 fighter on 24 November 2015|
|2018 missile attack on Russian IL-20 reconnaissance aircraft|
|Syrian Chemical Weapons Attack|
Groups Headquartered Here
|A Group Headquartered Here||Description|
|Damascus University||One of the most reputable universities in the Middle East before the war in Syria started in 2011|
|Islamic State||An "Islamic fundamentalist terrorist" organisation which whistleblower Sibel Edmonds links to Operation Gladio/B and succinctly describes as a re-branding of al-Qaeda.|
|Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine–General Command|
Citizens of Syria on Wikispooks
|Asma al-Assad||11 August 1975|
Event Participated in
|Bandung Conference||1955||1955||Indonesia||Important conference for the global south; participants soon became prime targets for US foreign policy|
|Document:A New Islamic cult||interview||20 November 2013||Nadezhda Kevorkova|
|Insights into the Western (especially US-Israeli) agenda for Syria and the Middle East following the effective blocking of a Libya-style military intervention in Syria by Russia in the Summer of 2013.|
|Document:Absolute folly for Britain to get involved in Syria||Article||1 March 2018||Leo McKinstry||Tory MP Johnny Mercer, a former soldier, has demanded: “Britain must come to Syria’s aid” and condemned those who oppose “military intervention”.|
|Document:Arabs Beware the Small States Option||article||29 July 2013||Sharmine Narwani||A succinct introduction to proposals, widely canvassed among Western Elites but otherwise largely suppressed, to impose a new political settlement on the entire Middle East involving the re-ordering of its national borders along sectarian lines. These proposals represent the increasingly dominant leitmotif of 21st century Globalist driven Middle-Eastern policy.|
|Document:CIA-MI6 Intel Ops and Sabotage||article||7 February 2012||Felicity Arbuthnot||In 1957, joint plans by the CIA and MI6 to destabilize Syria by means of staged border incidents and special forces assassinations of key political figures were approved by UK PM Harold Macmillan and US President Eisenhower.|
|Document:Countdown to Destruction in Syria||timeline||21 February 2016||Dana Visalli||A timeline of US and Western-European interference in Syria since its formation in 1916|
|Document:Defending the UN Charter by Use of the Veto||article||11 February 2012||Ronda Hauben||A timeline summary of political/diplomatic events leading to the Russia/China veto of the February 2012 UNSC resolution on Syria.|
|Document:Destroying Syria||Article||23 January 2018||Philip Giraldi||Former CIA officer Philip Giraldi says the United States has zero evidence on the Syrian conflict. Someone should remind the President that similar scenarios did not turn out very well in Afghanistan, Iraq and Libya.|
|Document:Ed Miliband’s decision to oppose military action against Syria is an action of statesmanship of which Britons will be proud||Article||28 August 2013||Michael Meacher||It is all very well to rush to war in a surge of moral outrage, it is quite another to spell out clearly what are the war objectives and how exactly they are to be achieved.|
|Document:From Pol Pot to ISIS: Anything that flies on everything that moves||article||8 October 2014||John Pilger||The parallels between the rise to power of Cambodia's Khymer Rouge under Pol Pot in the 1970's and that of ISIS in the Iraq/Syria of 2014.|
|Document:How Russia betrayed America||essay||10 March 2015||Mike King||A useful mirror image of the Anglo-US-Nato official narrative about Russia|
|Document:Illegal Slaughter - Cameron’s Bombings of Syria, Equals Blair’s Iraq War Crimes||article||12 December 2015||Felicity Arbuthnot||A withering, contemptuous critique of David Cameron and the UK political class in their determination to take part in the illlegal bombing of another sovereign state using absurdly oxymoronic 'war-on-terror' excuses.|
|Document:Jihadism and the Petroleum Industry||article||23 June 2014||Thierry Meyssan||The ISIS/ISIL 'Jihadi invasion' of Iraq is nothing of the sort. It is a determined attempt by Usaia to Balkanise Iraq in furtherance of a carefully laid contingency plan to maintain control over the region.|
|Document:Journey To Aleppo Part I: Exposing The Truth Buried Under NATO Propaganda||Article||20 September 2016||Vanessa Beeley||The Syrian people are suffering under the ‘moderate rebels’ and ‘opposition forces’ backed by the US, NATO member states and their allies in the Gulf states and Israel. Yet their suffering is largely ignored in the mainstream media unless it furthers the agenda dictated by the US State Department.|
|Document:Monbiot is not only a hypocrite, but a bully too||Article||12 January 2018||Jonathan Cook||It is time for George Monbiot’s legion of supporters to call him out. Not only is he a hypocrite, but he is becoming an increasingly dangerous one!|
|Document:Now the truth emerges: how the US fuelled the rise of Isis in Syria and Iraq||Article||3 June 2015||Seumas Milne||American forces bomb one set of rebels while backing another in Syria, and mount what are effectively joint military operations with Iran against ISIS in Iraq while supporting Saudi Arabia’s military campaign against Iranian-backed Houthi forces in Yemen|
|Document:Obama's Secret Letter to Tehran||article||20 January 2012||Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya|
|Document:Obama’s Humanitarianism as Window-Dressing for the US “Deep State” Agenda - The Case of Syria||article||18 June 2013||Elizabeth Woodworth|
|Document:Radicalisation - UK.gov gets itself in cluster-muddle over 'terrorism'||article||25 August 2016||Alexander J Martin|
|Document:Russia Claims US Deploys Warships For Imminent Attack On Syria, Trains Militants For False Flag Attack||blog post||17 March 2018||'Tyler Durden'||United States-led coalition to "retaliate" for another false flag chemical attack done by the White Helmets in Syria|
|Document:Saying no to gunboat diplomacy||commentary||20 February 2012||Li Qingsi|
|Document:Speech by Syrian President Bashar al-Assad on 20 August 2017 to the Syrian Diplomatic Corps||Speech||31 August 2017||Bashar al Assad||The US President is not the maker of policies, but the executor. Therefore, the “Deep State” in the United States does not govern in partnership with the President, but leaves him a small margin.|
|Document:Syria - It is a Conspiracy||article||4 March 2012||Felicity Arbuthnot||Evidence of the long-standing, deep-seated nature of Western/US determination to destabilise Syria under the Assad Bath Party rule and the systematic secrecy and deception involved.|
|Document:Syria - the rhetoric and the truth||article||13 August 2015||Thierry Meyssan||Thierry Meyssan rubbishes the likelihood of a serious US ground forces operation in Syria because it would trigger a military World War III|
|Document:Syria, The View From The Other Side||article||22 June 2013||Stephen Gowans|
|Document:The Four Horsemen Gallop By||blog post||11 April 2018||Craig Murray||The notion that Britain will take part in military action against Syria with neither investigation of the evidence nor a parliamentary vote is worrying indeed. Without Security Council authorisation, any such action is illegal in any event.|
|Document:The Last Bus to Idlib: Terrorist Safe-Haven in Syria About to Face a Cleaning Out||Article||3 August 2018||Steven Sahiounie||One by one, all other areas in Syria under terrorist control have fallen, and now the final battle for Idlib province looms large on the horizon. The liberation of Idlib will begin soon, and the green buses can finally get back to their job of transporting Syrians as they live, shop and work in peace at last.|
|Document:The New Silk Road Will Go Through Syria||Article||13 July 2017||Pepe Escobar||Beijing is working non-stop for the Iran-Iraq-Syria triumvirate to become a key hub in the New Silk Road (OBOR). Any bets against a future, booming Shanghai-Latakia container route?|
|Document:The Road to Hell: A Brief History of Modern Syria||article||2 April 2016||Dana Visalli||A brief history of modern Syria from the Sykes-Picot accord of 1916 to the present day|
|Document:The Syrian Protest Movement and its Historical Context||article||29 April 2011||Mazda Majidi|
|Document:The World Is on the Brink of War Once Again as All Hell Breaks Loose in Syria||Article||8 February 2018||Darius Shahtahmasebi||With the assistance of the media, the United States and Israel continue to bomb Syria in direct contravention of international law, targeting Russia's ally the Syrian Arab Army, without any significant journalistic or international opposition.|
|Document:The ‘Stolen Province’: Why Turkey Was Given A Corner Of Syria By France 80 Years Ago||Article||29 February 2020||Under the Treaty of Lausanne, Hatay Province was part of the French Mandate for Syria and Lebanon but just before the Second World War broke out, Paris suddenly decided to hold a referendum and Hatay voted to become part of Turkey.|
|Document:Theresa May pushing for UK intervention in Syria following Manchester attack||Article||25 May 2017||Whitney Webb||Jeremy Corbyn Says What We All Knew: The War On Terror Isn’t Working|
|Document:Time to Start Paying Attention: The US Just Bombed Russians in Syria||Article||9 February 2018||Darius Shahtahmasebi||It is not clear if Russia has a retaliation of its own in mind, but we would do well to remember that when similar incidents took place last year, Russia indicated that they would begin targeting US jets if they had to. Almost immediately after this stark warning, Australia pulled its planes out of its air missions in Syria.|
|Document:Turkey ambushed Su24 using information supplied by US||report||27 November 2015||Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation||Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Aerospace Forces, General Bondarev, presents facts of the attack on the Russian Su-24M aircraft carried out by Turkish F-16 fighters in the sky over Syria on 24 November 2015|
|Document:US Ambassador to Hungary: Overthrow Assad, Let in Refugees, and Fight Russia...or Else!||article||6 May 2016||Daniel McAdams||US requirements of it's European vassals illustrated by the speech of US Ambassador to Hungary, Colleen Bell to the Foreign affairs committee of the Hungarian parliament.|
|Document:US Nuclear Policy Review: The World Is Our Enemy||Article||8 February 2018||Christopher Black||“We (the United States) will keep you guessing as to when and against whom we will use them (nuclear weapons). We will maintain our role as the greatest state terrorist by keeping the nuclear Damocles sword over the heads of the people of the world constantly to ensure that the world acts in our interest.”|
|Document:US Planned Syrian Civilian Catastrophe Since 2007||article||4 September 2014||'Tony Cartalucci'|
|Document:US bombs Syria and ridiculously claims self defence||Article||26 February 2021||Caitlin Johnstone||The US can bomb who it likes, whenever it likes, and when it does it is only ever doing so in self-defence, because the entire planet is the property of Washington DC. It can seize control of entire clusters of nations, and if any of those nations resist in any way, they are invading America’s sovereignty.|
|Document:Ukraine and How the West Treats Comparable Events in Satellite and Non-Satellite Countries Differently||article||27 January 2014||Stephen Gowans||A pithy, succinct illustration of how, in matters of foreign affairs, the language and terminology of western media coverage changes according to the status of the government/country being reported on, as either approved or unapproved of by western geo-political interests. More subtle than "one man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter", but analogous.|
|Document:Washington Wants Syria's Oil||Article||30 August 2017||Anna Jaunger||The future of Syria and its geopolitical strategic equation will depend on who controls the oil-rich region of Deir al-Zor.|
|Document:Washington with ISIS - Moscow with Syria||Interview||12 September 2015||Michel Chossudovsky||Press TV interview with Prof Michael Chossudovsky that juxtaposes Russian and US relations with the Syrian State together with the realities (and legalities) behind their respective deeds and actions.|
|Document:Western focus on delegitimizing Syria election||article||4 June 2014||Sharmine Narwani||Ascerbic commentary on the attitudes and reporting of the western media on the June 2014 presidential election in Syria|
|Document:World War and the Russia-China Veto||article||10 February 2012||Carla Stea||A discussion of the unrest in Syria. It goes on to detail the appalling and ongoing abuses of human rights in post-Gaddafi Libya - the direct result of the 2011 UNSC resolution 1973, and the military action it was deemed by NATO to authorise. These abuses, carried out by NATO installed proxies, arguably worse than anything happening in Syria, are a stark warning of what Syrians can expect should NATO succeed in its agenda of "Regime change".|
|File:DIA-287.pdf||report||12 August 2012||DIA||A declassified DIA document which clearly demonstrates that the rise of ISIS in the Middle East was planned and facilitated by the US Government - as later admitted by DIA director Michael T. Flynn.|
|File:War On Syria.pdf||eBook||November 2011||Nile Bowie|
|A look at the intricacies of the West's methods of unconventional warfare over the last several years, finally miring Syria in a state of war. In spite of a strangely disjointed 'author's note' introduction, this is a solid account of early 21st century Western methods of covert/proxy warfare (with Syria as its main focus).|
- "Guide to the Syrian rebels"
- "Senior official boasts about lying to Trump about US military withdrawal from Syria"
- Interview radio Democracy Now, 2007-03-02
- "Military to Military" Seymour M. Hersh on US intelligence sharing in the Syrian war
- "Exclusive: I Can Reveal the Legal Advice on Drone Strikes, and How the Establishment Works"
- "Syria air strikes: MPs authorise UK action against Islamic State"
- "Syria air strikes: RAF jets in second wave of strikes"
- "RAF uses Brimstone missiles for first time in Syria airstrikes"
- "UK air attack on Islamic State: Syrians give reactions"
- "UN Security Council unanimously adopts Syrian roadmap resolution"
- "Saudi prince held after seizure of two tons of amphetamines at Beirut airport"
- "British group slams BBC propaganda over chemical weapon use in Syria"