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|( 1880s: ) 1885|
Karl Benz produces the Benz Patent-Motorwagen, regarded as the first automobile
- January 24 – Irish rebels damage Westminster Hall and the Tower of London with dynamite.
- January 26 – Mahdist War in Sudan: Troops loyal to Mahdi Muhammad Ahmad conquer Khartoum; British commander Charles George Gordon is killed.
- February 5 – King Leopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo Free State, as a personal possession.
- February 16 – Charles Dow publishes the first edition of the Dow Jones Industrial Average. The index stood at a level of 62.76, and represented the dollar average of 14 stocks: 12 railroads and two leading American industries.
- February 26 – The final act of the Berlin Conference regulates European colonization and trade, in the scramble for Africa.
- March 3 – A subsidiary of the American Bell Telephone Company, American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T), is incorporated in New York.
- March 4 – Grover Cleveland is sworn in, as the 22nd President of the United States.
- March 30 – The Battle for Kushka triggers the Panjdeh Incident, which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire.
- March 31 – The United Kingdom establishes the Bechuanaland Protectorate.
- April 30 – A bill is signed in the New York State legislature, forming the Niagara Falls State Park.
- May 2 - The Congo Free State is established, by King Leopold II of Belgium.
- June 23 – Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- June 24 – Randolph Churchill becomes Secretary of State for India.
- July – Japan Berery, as predecessor name was Kirin Holdings was founded in Yokohama, Japan.
- July 6 – Louis Pasteur and Émile Roux successfully test their rabies vaccine. The patient is Joseph Meister, a boy who was bitten by a rabid dog.
- August 29 – Gottlieb Daimler is granted a German patent for the Daimler Reitwagen, regarded as the first motorcycle, which he has produced with Wilhelm Maybach.
- September 2 – The Rock Springs massacre occurs in Rock Springs, Wyoming; 150 white miners attack their Chinese coworkers, killing 28, wounding 15, and forcing several hundred more out of town.
- September 30 – A British force abolishes the Boer republic of Stellaland, and adds it to British Bechuanaland.
- November – The Third Anglo-Burmese War begins.
- November 7 – Canadian Pacific Railway: In Craigellachie, British Columbia, construction ends on a railway extending across Canada. Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald considers the project to be vital to Canada, due to the exponentially greater potential for military mobility.
- November 14–28 – Serbo-Bulgarian War: Serbia declares war against Bulgaria, but is defeated in the Battle of Slivnitsa on November 17–19.
- November 16 – Louis Riel, Canadian rebel leader of the Métis, is executed for high treason.
- December 28 – 72 Indian lawyers, academics and journalists gather in Bombay, to form the Congress Party.
- Karl Benz produces the Benz Patent-Motorwagen, regarded as the first automobile (patented and publicly launched the following year).
- Butz Thermo-Electric Regulator, as predecessor of Honeywell, was founded in United States.
- BHP (Broken Hill Proprietary), a mining and natural gas product in worldwide, founded in New South Wales, Australia.
|Berlin Conference||15 November 1884||26 February 1885|
|Dakota Wesleyan University||Military ranks||Religious university in South Dakota, George McGovern alma mater|
|American Economic Association|
|Arizona State University||Public||Home of the McCain Institute|
|Yonsei University||Military ranks||Admission is widely regarded as determining one's career and social status in life|
|University of Arizona||Public|
|University in Phoenix, Arizona with extensive space research|
|South Dakota School of Mines||PublicSpace-Grant||Mining and engineering school|
|Bryn Mawr College||A private women's liberal arts college|
|Title||Born||Place of birth||Died||Summary||Description|
|Charles Seymour||1 January 1885||Connecticut|
|11 August 1963||Academic|
|President of Yale University with deep state ties.|
|William Wiseman||1 February 1885||17 June 1962||Spook|
|Samuel Dickstein||5 February 1885||Lithuania|
|22 April 1954||Judge||Chairman of the House Committee on Immigration and Naturalization who became concerned about the possibility of German spooks entering the US.|
|Julius Streicher||12 February 1885||Germany|
|16 October 1946||Activist|
|William George Arthur Ormsby-Gore||11 April 1885||14 February 1964||Politician|
Deep state operative
|UK banker in the Milner Group/Outer Circle|
|Campbell Stuart||5 July 1885||14 September 1972||Spook|
|Andre Maurois||26 July 1885||9 October 1967||Author||French author who attended two Bilderbergs in the 1950s|
|Keith Murdoch||12 August 1885||4 October 1952||Journalist|
|Joseph Ball||1 September 1885||10 July 1961||Spook|
Deep state operative
|British spook who forged the Zinoviev Letter to bring down the first British Labour Party government in 1924. "Ball also had a keen understanding of the dark arts of political manipulation, a readiness to use all means at his disposal and an ability to keep himself out of the limelight... he knew how to lie and how to keep a secret."|
|Andrew Thorne||20 September 1885||25 September 1970||Military||British general who helped establish post-war deep state in Norway.|
|Harold Stanley||2 October 1885||Massachusetts|
|14 May 1963||Banker||One of the founders of Morgan Stanley|
|Ezra Pound||30 October 1885||US||1 November 1972||Poet|
|Tomoyuki Yamashita||8 November 1885||Japan|
|23 February 1946||Soldier||Japanese general of "Yamashita's Gold" fame.|
|George Patton||11 November 1885||United States|
|21 December 1945||Soldier||US general who died in a car crash. Officially, an accident.|
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 310–311
- http://articles.philly.com/1995-02-24/news/25702996_1_blue-chip-stocks-industrial-shares-index Dow Record Book Adds Another First
- Benz, Carl Friedrich (1925). Lebensfahrt eines deutschen erfinders; erinnerungen eines achtzigjahrigen. Leipzig: Koehler & Amelang.