Winston Churchill

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Person.png Winston Churchill   SpartacusRdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
(Politician, soldier, journalist, historian, author, painter)
Winston Churchill.jpg
BornWinston Leonard Spencer-Churchill
30 November 1874
Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, England
Died1965-01-24 (Age 90)
London, England
Alma materRoyal Military College Sandhurst
ReligionAnglican
Parents • Lord Randolph Churchill
• Lady Randolph Churchill
ChildrenRandolph Churchill
RelativesWinston Churchill II
SpouseClementine Hozier
Founder ofThe Other Club
PartyConservative,  Liberal
SubpageWinston Churchill/Chemical warfare

[[|x22px|link=Prime Minister of the United Kingdom]] Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

In office
10 May 1940 - 26 July 1945
EmployerUK
DeputyClement Attlee
Preceded byNeville Chamberlain
Succeeded byClement Attlee

[[|x22px|link=Prime Minister of the United Kingdom]] Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

In office
26 October 1951 - 6 April 1955
EmployerUK
DeputyAnthony Eden
Preceded byClement Attlee

[[|x22px|link=Leader of the Opposition]] Leader of the Opposition

In office
26 July 1945 - 26 October 1951
Succeeded byClement Attlee

Employment.png Leader of the Conservative Party Wikipedia-icon.png

In office
9 November 1940 - 6 April 1955
Succeeded byAnthony Eden

Employment.png UK/Minister of Defence

In office
28 October 1951 - 1 March 1952

Employment.png UK/Minister of Defence

In office
10 May 1940 - 26 July 1945

Employment.png First Lord of the Admiralty Wikipedia-icon.png

In office
3 September 1939 - 11 May 1940

Employment.png First Lord of the Admiralty Wikipedia-icon.png

In office
24 October 1911 - 25 May 1915
Succeeded byArthur Balfour

Employment.png Chancellor of the Exchequer Wikipedia-icon.png

In office
6 November 1924 - 4 June 1929

Employment.png Secretary of State for the Colonies Wikipedia-icon.png

In office
13 February 1921 - 19 October 1922
Preceded byAlfred Milner

Employment.png Secretary of State for Air

In office
10 January 1919 - 13 February 1921

Employment.png Secretary of State for War Wikipedia-icon.png

In office
10 January 1919 - 13 February 1921
Preceded byAlfred Milner

Employment.png Minister of Munitions

In office
17 July 1917 - 10 January 1919

Employment.png Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Wikipedia-icon.png

In office
25 May 1915 - 25 November 1915

Employment.png Home Secretary Wikipedia-icon.png

In office
19 February 1910 - 24 October 1911

Employment.png President of the Board of Trade

In office
12 April 1908 - 14 February 1910
Preceded byDavid Lloyd George

Employment.png MP for Woodford

In office
5 July 1945 - 15 October 1964

Employment.png Member of Parliament for Woodford

In office
5 July 1945 - 15 October 1964

Employment.png Member of Parliament for Epping

In office
29 October 1924 - 5 July 1945

Employment.png Member of Parliament for Dundee

In office
24 April 1908 - 15 November 1922

Employment.png Member of Parliament for Manchester North West

In office
8 February 1906 - 24 April 1908

Employment.png Member of Parliament for Oldham

In office
24 October 1900 - 12 January 1906

Winston Churchill was a UK politician.

The wikipedia article is missing some criticism but is probably fairly accurate. It says of him: "A noted statesman and orator, Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, a historian, a writer, and an artist. He is the only British prime minister to have received the Nobel Prize in Literature, and was the first person to be made an Honorary Citizen of the United States."

Criticism

... Churchill was a man who met a moment, and the moment was much shorter than he's given credit for - about six months. He made four speeches, all of which were derivative of Shakespeare and Macaulay. Everything else about his wearyingly long public life was self-serving and disastrous: he was a terrible self-publicising hack; he was a loathed soldier; he was the worst First Sea Lord we ever had. A staggeringly inept Home Secretary, he was wrong about absolutely everything he set his sights on. He was responsible for the Dardanelles, the worst disaster of the First World War. He sent soldiers to shoot Welsh miners. He put field guns on to the streets of the East End of London. During the General Strike, he was so rabid that he had to be kept out of government, because he wanted to machine-gun bus drivers. Later, he was the worst sort of empire loyalist, desperate to hold on to India, and racist about Gandhi, that naked little fakir (frankly, if you had to choose the greater man between Gandhi and Churchill, there's no contest). He sent the Black and Tans into Ireland. He'd have bankrupted the country by returning us to the gold standard; he gave away large areas of eastern Europe to Stalin. And he was responsible for the disgraceful but forgotten war of intervention to support the White Russians at the end of the First World War. Altogether, he represents everything I find most dispiriting, snobbish, philistine, proudly anti-intellectual and stubbornly backward-looking about Britain.

The quote is from a New Statesman article by prominent British commentator, A A Gill.

In an article entitled Cromwell and Churchill for "Worst Briton" he says: As someone who championed Shakespeare for the greatest Briton, I would have to vote for Cromwell as my worst - a man who closed down theatres, banned dancing and cancelled Christmas.... My other nomination is Churchill.[1]

Racism

Churchill’s doctor, Lord Moran, once said of Churchill that “Winston thinks only of the colour of their skin.”[2] Churchill himself declared "I hate Indians. They are a beastly people with a beastly religion.” When asked in 1944 to explain why he sent no food to aid relieve the 1943 Bengal famine, (in which up to 3 million people starved to death) he replied bluntly "Relief would do no good. Indians breed like rabbits and will outstrip any available food supply."[3]

Imperialism

When Mahatma Gandhi launched his campaign of peaceful resistance against British rule in India, Churchill declared that Gandhi "ought to be lain bound hand and foot at the gates of Delhi, and then trampled on by an enormous elephant with the new Viceroy seated on its back. Gandhi-ism and everything it stands for will have to be grappled with and crushed.”[3]

War crimes

Churchill ordered the saturation bombing of Dresden which resulted in the incineration of over 100,000 German civilians and refugees, mostly women and children, in a single day. The UK's Royal Air Force and the United States Army Air Force dropped over 700,000 phosphorus bombs on the city. He had earlier stated "I do not want suggestions as to how we can disable the economy and the machinery of war, what I want are suggestions as to how we can roast the German refugees on their escape from Breslau."

Chemical Weapon Use

Full article: Winston Churchill/Chemical Weapon Use

Churchill was in no doubt that gas should be employed against the Kurds and Iraqis (as well as against other peoples in the Empire), declaring "I do not understand this squeamishness about the use of gas. I am strongly in favour of using poison gas against uncivilised tribes. It would spread a lively terror."[3]

 

A Quote by Winston Churchill

PageQuote
School“schools have not necessarily much to do with education... they are mainly institutions of control, where basic habits must be inculcated in the young. Education is quite different and has little place in school.”

 

Related Documents

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:Nothing has ChangedArticle10 November 2017John WarrenThe ill-judged words of the present Prime Minister perhaps accidentally illuminate something important about the true character of the Conservative Party: “Nothing has Changed”.
Document:The Monstrous Winston Churchillarticle15 April 2010Kevin MacDonaldA brief introduction to Judaic influence on the career of Winston Churchill


References