John J. McCloy

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Person.png John J. McCloy   IMDB Powerbase Sourcewatch SpartacusRdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
(lawyer, central banker, politician, diplomat)
John J. McCloy.jpg
BornJohn Jay McCloy
31 March 1895
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Died11 March 1989 (Age 93)
Stamford, Connecticut
Alma materAmherst College, Harvard Law School
SpouseEllen Zinsser
Member ofThe Georgetown Set, The Warren Commission

[[|x22px|link=Chair of the Council on Foreign Relations]] Chair of the Council on Foreign Relations

In office
1953 - 1970
Preceded byRussell Cornell Leffingwell
Succeeded byDavid Rockefeller

[[|x22px|link=U.S. High Commissioner for Germany]] U.S. High Commissioner for Germany

In office
September 2, 1949 - August 1, 1952

[[|x22px|link=President of the World Bank Group]] President of the World Bank Group

In office
March 17, 1947 - July 1, 1949
EmployerWorld Bank Group
Preceded byEugene Meyer
Succeeded byEugene R. Black

Employment.png American High Commissioner for Occupied Germany

In office
September 21, 1949 - August 1, 1952

"Chairman of the Establishment"

The New York Times obituary stated "Between times and often concurrently, he was board chairman of the Ford Foundation, chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations and board chairman of a dozen or so other entities, including the Salk Institute and of E. R. Squibb & Sons. As a lawyer, he represented scores of corporate clients, including 23 oil companies dealing with the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Mr. McCloy was chairman of so many boards and had his hands in so many ventures that the political writer Richard Rovere once proposed that he was the informal chairman of the Establishment, a group that 'fixes major goals and constitutes itself a ready pool of manpower for the more exacting labors of leadership.'"[1]

World War II

McCloy was heavily involved in the US government program of interning Japanese-Americans in World War II. Defending that policy in 1981 before a Congressional commission, he claimed that it was "reasonably undertaken and thoughtfully and humanely conducted", althoguh history disagreed and in 1988 the US Congress paid compensation to those internees who were still alive.[1]

U.S. High Commissioner of Allied Forces in West Germany

McCloy once stated "I had the powers of a dictator as High Commissioner of Allied Forces in West Germany, but I think I was a benevolent dictator".[1]

In 1947, Klaus Barbie was recruited as an agent for the 66th Detachment of the U.S. Army Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC).[2] When the French discovered that Klaus Barbie was in U.S. hands, having sentenced him to death in absentia for war crimes, they requested McCloy, U.S. High Commissioner for Germany, hand him over for execution, but McCloy refused.[3] Instead, the CIC helped him flee to Bolivia with the help of a "ratline" organized by U.S. intelligence services[4] and the Croatian Roman Catholic priest Krunoslav Draganović.

Other activities

McCloy was CFR chairman from 1954 until 1970. A member of the Warren Commission, he worked to prevent the truth coming out as regards the assassination of JFK.


Events Participated in

Bilderberg/1957 February15 February 195717 February 1957US
St Simons Island
Georgia (State)
Bilderberg/195813 September 195815 September 1958Buxton
Bilderberg/196420 March 196422 March 1964US
Bilderberg/19652 April 19654 April 1965Italy
Villa d'Este
Bilderberg/196625 March 196627 March 1966Germany
Hotel Nassauer Hof


  1. a b c
  2. Wolfe, Robert (19 September 2001). "Analysis of the Investigative Records Repository file of Klaus Barbie". Interagency Working Group. Retrieved 1 May 2009.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "plain text").
  3. Cockburn, Alexander; Clair, Jeffrey St. (1998). Whiteout: The CIA, Drugs and the Press. Verso. pp. 167–70. ISBN 9781859841396. Retrieved 17 January 2013.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "plain text").
  4. Terkel, Studs (1985). The Good War. Ballantine. ISBN 0-345-32568-0.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "plain text").

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