1949

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1939 < 1940 < 1941 < 1942 < 1943 < 1944 < 1945 <1946 < 1947 < 1948 < 1949 > 1950 > 1951 > 1952 > 1953 > 1954 > 1955 > 1956 > 1957 > 1958 > 1959

Decade.png 1940s: )    Year.png 1949 Rdf-icon.png
NATO.png
The formation of NATO, together with the counterbalancing Soviet military alliance, the Warsaw Pact established one of the bases of the Cold War.

1949 saw the creation of NATO, which was to become such a fixture of the Cold War.

NATO

Full article: NATO

NATO was established in 1949.

Central America

In 1949, after a brief but bloody civil war, Costa Rica became the first state to abolish its army. Its southern neighbour, Panama abolished its army in 1990.

 

Events

EventDateDescription
Tuskegee syphilis experiment1932 - 1972A murderous experiment which looked at the progression of syphilis. Subjects were told that they were being treated, while in fact treatment was denied them. Exposed after 40 years by a whistleblower who went to the press.
Morgenthau Plan16 September 1944 - 5 May 1955
Operation Paperclip8 May 1945 - 1990A transfer of top German scientists to USA.
Guatemala syphilis experiment1946 - 1953A murderous experiment which infected healthy subjects with syphilis, gonorrhea, chancroid and possibly other diseases.
Project CHATTER1947 - 1953
Cold War1947 - 1991The official narrative had 2 diametrically opposed systems locked in combat with one another since soon after WW2. Each of the "superpowers" and its team of allies needed to outdo each other by creating ever more and deadlier weapons, creating a kind of perpetual war for perpetual peace, with the warring parties engaging mainly in covert/proxy wars. Deep state interests blossomed in the climate of fear and paranoia.
Operation Demagnetize1948 - 1980"The institutional hardening of Gladio", an expansion of Gladio in the late 1940s, early 1950s.
 

New Groups

GroupImageDateTypeDescription
Shin BetShabakLogo.png8 February 1949 - PresentIntelligence agency
National Committee for a Free EuropeGroup.png17 March 1949 - Present
Servizio Informazioni Forze ArmateGroup.png20 March 1949 - 1965Intelligence agency
SIFARSIFAR.gif30 March 1949 - 30 June 1966
NATONATO.png4 April 1949 - PresentInternational
Military
The world's largest military alliance.
Council of EuropeCouncil of Europe logo (2013 revised version).png5 May 1949 - PresentInternational legal
US/Department of DefenseUnited States Department of Defense logo.svg10 August 1949 - PresentMilitaryThe action arm of the Military-industrial-congressional complex, whose functionaries are rewarded in rough proportion to their ability to stifle dissent and channel funds to arms manufacturers.
International Confederation of Free Trade UnionsICFTU logo.svg7 December 1949 - 31 October 2006
MossadMossad-logo.jpg13 December 1949 - PresentIntelligence agencyMossad (Hebrew for Institute) is an abbreviation for ha-Mossad le-Modiin ule-Tafkidim Meyuhadim (Institute for Intelligence and Special Tasks), an Israeli intelligence agency focused on foreign intelligence.
 

A Group that was Wound Up

GroupImageDate
Servizio Informazioni MilitareGroup.png15 October 1925 - 30 March 1949
 

Deaths

TitleBornDiedPlace of deathSummary
Ross Sterling11 February 187525 March 1949Fort Worth
Texas
John Scale27 December 188222 April 1949Spook
James V. Forrestal15 February 189222 May 1949Montgomery County
Maryland
United States
Banker
Politician
Frederick Ogilvie7 February 189310 June 1949
Kim Koo29 August 187626 June 1949Seoul
South Korea
Politician
Frank Murphy13 April 189019 July 1949Detroit
Michigan
United States
Politician
Husni al-Za'im189714 August 1949Damascus
Syria
Soldier
Politician
Pierre Jay4 May 187024 November 1949Banker
 

Births

TitleBornPlace of birthDiedSummaryDescription
Pat Finucane194912 February 1989
Craig Williamson1949JohannesburgSpook
Niel Barnard1949Objiwarongo
South-West Africa
Spook
Academic
Dave Emory1949Activist
Paul Dietrich1949Spook
Businessperson
Spook, Cercle visitor
Wendy R. Sherman1949
Celerino Castillo1949Spook
Whistleblower
A former DEA agent who exposed deep state involvement in drug trafficking.
Olivier Roy1949La Rochelle
France
Academic
Vincenzo Vinciguerra1949Bomber
Murderer
During his trial, he exposed Operation Gladio, now serving a life sentence for the 1972 Peteano Bombing.
Bruce Gebhardt1949Baltimore
Maryland
United States
Bulend Ozaydinli1949Eskişehir
Turkey
Businessperson
Robert Pritchard1949London
United Kingdom
Banker
Lawyer
Academic
Robert Prichard1949London
United Kingdom
Banker
Economist
Lawyer
Roel Campos1949Harlingen
Texas
Lawyer
Eric Martlew3 January 1949Ince-in-Makerfield
Lancashire
United Kingdom
Politician
Michael Zantovsky3 January 1949Prague
Czech Republic
Politician
Author
Diplomat
Psychologist
Salvatore Rossi6 January 1949Bari
Italy
Central banker
Economist
John Podesta8 January 1949Chicago
Illinois
United States
Charles Courtney-Clarke10 January 1949Activist
Economist
Kemal Derviş10 January 1949Istanbul
Turkey
Politician
Economist
UNDP administrator, 4 times Bilderberger
Catherine Bearder14 January 1949Broxbourne
Hertfordshire
Franklin D. Raines14 January 1949Seattle
Washington DC
United States
Businessperson
Göran Persson20 January 1949Vingåker
Södermanland
Sweden
Joan Walley23 January 1949Stoke-on-Trent
Staffordshire
United Kingdom
Politician
Frank Kendall III26 January 1949Pittsfield
Massachusetts
Army engineer
Lawyer
Janet Dean28 January 1949Crewe
Cheshire
United Kingdom
Politician
Mike Moore28 January 1949Whakatane
Bay of Plenty
New Zealand
Union organiser
Eugene de Kock29 January 1949Member of the
South African Police
(SAP)
South African apartheid-era killer dubbed 'Prime Evil' by the media
Sam Kutesa1 February 1949UgandaPolitician
Jim Sheridan6 February 1949DublinFilm director
Manuel H. Johnson10 February 1949Troy
Alabama
Economist
Jeffrey Simpson17 February 1949United States
New York
Journalist
Bandar bin Sultan2 March 1949Ta'ifFormer director general of the Saudi Intelligence Agency.
Nieves de Larracoechea3 March 1949Bilbao21 December 1988
Bernard Arnault5 March 1949Roubaix
France
Businessperson
Shaukat Aziz6 March 1949Sind
Pakistan
(now in
Sindh
Pakistan)
Economist
Banker
Politician
Le Cercle
Norman Spector6 March 1949Montreal
Quebec
Journalist
Publisher
Civil servant
Diplomat
Wolfgang Reitzle7 March 1949Neu-Ulm
Germany
Businessperson
Jean-François Probst8 March 1949Paris
France
12 June 2014PoliticianCercle visitor.
David Mellor12 March 1949Wareham
Dorset
United Kingdom
Politician
Rodrigo de Rato Figaredo18 March 1949Madrid
Spain
PoliticianBilderberg embezzler
Crispin Davis19 March 1949United KingdomBusinessperson
Moussa Koussa23 March 1949Tajura
Libya
Spook
Paul Manafort1 April 1949New Britain
Connecticut
United States
Lawyer
Lobbyist
Deep state operative
Mitchell Daniels7 April 1949Monongahela
Pennsylvania
United States
Politician
Deep state functionary
Christopher Hitchens13 April 1949Portsmouth
Hampshire
UK
United Kingdom
15 December 2011Author
Polemicist
DeAnne Julius14 April 1949UnknownSpook
Matthias Wissmann15 April 1949Ludwigsburg
Baden-Württemberg
Germany
Lawyer
Politician
Gary Caradori15 April 194911 July 1990Researcher
Franklin child prostitution ring/Premature death
An investigator into the Franklin Prostitution Ring, killed with his son in a plane crash.
Rolf Hansen17 April 1949Diplomat
... further results


References