African Union

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Group.png African Union  
(IGOSourcewatch WebsiteRdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
AU.png
Formation9 July 2002
LeaderAfrican Union/Chair
Typeinternational
SubpageAfrican Union/Chair
Membership• Algeria
• Angola
• Benin
• Botswana
• Burkina Faso
• Burundi
• Cameroon
• Cape Verde
• Central African Republic
• Chad
• Comoros
• Democratic Republic of the Congo
• Djibouti
• Egypt
• Equatorial Guinea
• Eritrea
• Eswatini
• Ethiopia
• Gabon
• Gambia
• Ghana
• Guinea
• Guinea-Bissau
• Ivory Coast
• Kenya
• Lesotho
• Liberia
• Libya
• Madagascar
• Malawi
• Mali
• Mauritania
• Mauritius
• Morocco
• Mozambique
• Namibia
• Niger
• Nigeria
• Republic of the Congo
• Rwanda
• São Tomé and Príncipe
• Senegal
• Seychelles
• Sierra Leone
• Somalia
• South Africa
• Western Sahara

The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of 55 member states located on the continent of Africa. The AU was announced in the Sirte Declaration in Sirte, Libya, on 9 September 1999, and was founded on 26 May 2001 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and launched on 9 July 2002 in Durban, South Africa.[1]

The AU was intended to replace the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), which was disbanded on 9 July 2002.

The most important decisions of the AU are made by the Assembly of the African Union, a semi-annual meeting of the heads of state and government of its member states. The AU's secretariat, the African Union Commission, is based in Addis Ababa.

The African Union has over 1.3 billion people and an area of around 29 million km2 (11 million sq mi). The largest city in the AU is Lagos, Nigeria, while the largest urban agglomeration is Cairo, Egypt.[2]


 

Known Participants

43 of the 47 of the participants already have pages here:

ParticipantDescription
AlgeriaA nation on the Mediterranean Sea. The largest country in Africa, formerly colonised by France.
AngolaSouth West African state
BotswanaCountry in Southern Africa. Formerly part of the British Empire, Botswana is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world.
Burkina FasoAfrican country; formely part of the French Empire.
BurundiVery small African nation, formerly part of the Belgian Empire. Their president died under mysterious circumstances during COVID.
CameroonWest African state
Cape VerdeAfrican island nation. Independence from Portugal in 1975.
Central African RepublicUnstable, poor African country. They speak Sango and French in the CAR.
ChadArabic and French speaking desert nation in North Africa. Formerly part of the French Empire, Chad has seen instability in recent years.
ComorosObscure island nation off the east coast of Africa. A nation formed at a crossroads of different civilisations, The Comoros is noted for its diverse culture.
Côte d'IvoireThe Ivory Coast.
Democratic Republic of the CongoA large country in central Africa, the majority of the former 'Belgian Congo'.
Djiboutismall country in East Africa.
EgyptStrategically important due particularly to the Suez canal.
Equatorial GuineaVery small country in Central Africa, between Gabon and Cameroon. Rich in oil.
Eritrea
EswatiniSmall African Kingdom; surrounded by South Africa.
EthiopiaThe most populous landlocked country in the world.
GabonFrench speaking country on the west coast of Africa.
GhanaFormerly known as the "Gold Coast", Ghana has one of the most stable governments in Africa. A member of the African Union and the Commonwealth of Nations
GuineaFrench speaking country in West Africa.
Guinea-BissauPortuguese ex-colony "narco-state" in West Africa.
KenyaFormer UK colony in East Africa
LiberiaThe only state in Africa never subjected to colonial rule and Africa's oldest republic.
LibyaLibya has larger proven oil reserves than any other African nation, ranking 9th in the world. It was provided with a lot of bomb making equipment in the late 1970s in the Arms for Libya clandestine weapons deal. NATO airstrikes killed 60,000 Libyan civilians in 2011.
MadagascarA large island off southern Africa
MalawiFormer UK colony in East Africa
MaliFormer French colony in West Africa
MauritaniaAfrican country that banned slavery in 2007.
MauritiusIsland nation in the Indian Ocean. Now a tax haven.
Morocco
MozambiqueSouth East African state, former Portuguese colony, now in the British Commonwealth.
NamibiaA diamond rich territory, formerly occupied by South Africa
Niger
NigeriaA populous, highly oil/gas rich nation in Africa.
Republic of the CongoFrench-speaking country in Africa.
Rwanda
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra LeoneA global cocaine trafficking hub in West Africa
Somalia
South AfricaA former UK colony
São Tomé and PríncipeA portugese-speaking island nation in the Gulf of Guinea.

 

Related Document

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:Gaddafi's 2009 speech: "Let's call it the UN Terror Council"Speech23 September 2009Muammar GaddafiNo one is above the UN General Assembly. All nations should be and should be seen to be on an equal footing. At present, the UN Security Council is security feudalism, political feudalism for those with permanent seats, protected by them and used against us. It should be called, not the UN Security Council, but the UN Terror Council.


References