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|( 1900s: ) 1901|
- February 25 – U.S. Steel is incorporated by industrialist J. P. Morgan, as the first billion-dollar corporation.
- March 2 – The United States Congress passes the Platt Amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops.
- March 4 – William McKinley is sworn in, for a second term as President of the United States.
- May 9 – The first Australian Parliament opens in Melbourne.
- May 28 – D'Arcy Concession: Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar of Persia grants British businessman William Knox D'Arcy a concession giving him an exclusive right to prospect for oil.
- June 12 – Cuba becomes a United States protectorate.
- June 18 – Emily Hobhouse reports on the high mortality and cruel conditions in the Second Boer War concentration camps
- July 1 – The first United Kingdom Fingerprint Bureau is established at Scotland Yard, the Metropolitan Police headquarters in London, by Edward Henry.
- September 2 – U.S. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt utters the famous phrase, "Speak softly and carry a big stick", at the Minnesota State Fair.
- September 6 – William McKinley assassination: American anarchist Leon Czolgosz shoots U.S. President William McKinley at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. McKinley dies 8 days later.
- September 7 – The Boxer Rebellion in China officially ends, with the signing of the Boxer Protocol.
- September 14 – Vice President Theodore Roosevelt becomes the 26th President of the United States, upon President William McKinley's death. Roosevelt is sworn in that afternoon.
- October 29 – Leon Czolgosz is executed for assassinating William McKinley in Buffalo, New York on September 6.
- November 28 – The new Constitution of Alabama requires voters in the state to have passed literacy tests.
- December 3 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt delivers a 20,000-word speech to the House of Representatives, asking Congress to curb the power of trusts "within reasonable limits".
- December 10 – The first Nobel Prize ceremony is held in Stockholm, on the fifth anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death.
- December 12 – Guglielmo Marconi receives the first trans-Atlantic radio signal, sent from Poldhu, England, to Newfoundland; it is the letter "S" in Morse code.
- December 22 – Charles Aked, a Baptist minister in Liverpool, says about the war in South Africa: "Great Britain cannot win the battles without resorting to the last despicable cowardice of the most loathsome cur on earth — the act of striking a brave man's heart through his wife's honour and his child's life. The cowardly war has been conducted by methods of barbarism... the concentration camps have been Murder Camps." A crowd follows him home and breaks the windows of his house.
|Dreyfus Affair||November 1894||1906|
|William McKinley/Assassination||11 September 1901||14 September 1901||The Assassination of William McKinley|
|Rockefeller University||Part of a system created by Rockefeller money to buy control over American medical life.|
|Golden Gate University||Military ranks|
|YMCA roots; Courses in law, business, taxation, and accounting.|
|Jewish National Fund|
|Australia/Department/Foreign Affairs and Trade||Australian Foreign Affairs department|
|Monsanto||Commercial||Chemical weapon and GMO corporation|
|Dutch Round Table||Dutch Round Table, a gathering every six weeks of important people in politics, business and the civil service|
|Australian Labor Party||One of the two major parties in Australian politics|
|Title||Born||Died||Place of death||Summary|
|Alexandrina Victoria||24 May 1819||22 January 1901||Osborne House|
Isle of Wight
|Benjamin Harrison||20 August 1833||13 March 1901||United States|
|William McKinley||29 January 1843||14 September 1901||New York|
|Leon Czolgosz||5 May 1873||29 October 1901||Journalist|
|John Swinton||12 December 1830||15 December 1901||Journalist|
- https://web.archive.org/web/20110607091953/http://www.sahistory.org.za/pages/chronology/special-chrono/governance/mainframe-womencamp.htm%7Carchive-date=June 7, 2011