European Union

From Wikispooks
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Group.png European Union  
(IGOPowerbase Sourcewatch Website WikiquoteRdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Global European Union.png
Flag of Europe.svg
MottoUnited in diversity
Formation23 July 1952
Subgroups• European Parliament
• European Council
• Council of the European Union
• European Commission
• Court of Justice of the European Union
• European Central Bank
• European Court of Auditors
• Eurojust
• Europol
• Schengen Information System
• European Agency for Safety and Health at Work
• European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training
• European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
• European Environment Agency
• European Training Foundation
• European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction
• European Medicines Agency
• Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market
• Community Plant Variety Office
• Translation Centre for the Bodies of the European Union
• Translation Centre for the Bodies of the European Union
• European Maritime Safety Agency
• European Aviation Safety Agency
• European Network and Information Security Agency
• European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
• European GNSS Agency
• European Railway Agency
• Frontex
• European Fisheries Control Agency
• European Chemicals Agency
• European Institute for Gender Equality
• European Defence Agency
• European Institute for Security Studies
• European Union Satellite Centre
• European Police College
• European Police Office
• European body for the enhancement of judicial co-operation
• Fundamental Rights Agency
• Body of European Regulators of Electronic Communications
• European Systemic Risk Board
• Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators
• European Banking Authority
• European Securities and Markets Authority
• European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority
• European Asylum Support Office
• European Agency for the operational management of large-scale IT systems in the area of freedom security and justice
• Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation
• Education Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency
• Executive Agency for Health and Consumers
• Trans-European Transport Network Executive Agency
• Research Executive Agency
• European Research Council Executive Agency
• Euratom Supply Agency
• European Joint Undertaking for ITER and the Development of Fusion Energy
• European Institute of Innovation and Technology
• European External Action Service
Interest ofJosep Borrell, Netherlands/Deep state, Wolfgang Streeck, Guy Verhofstadt
Member ofG-20, Global Counter Terrorism Forum
SubpageEuropean Union/Ombudsman
Membership• Austria
• Belgium
• Bulgaria
• Croatia
• Cyprus
• Czech Republic
• Denmark
• Estonia
• Finland
• France
• Germany
• Greece
• Hungary
• Ireland
• Italy
• Latvia
• Lithuania
• Luxembourg
• Malta
• Netherlands
• Poland
• Portugal
• Romania
• Slovakia
• Slovenia
• Spain
• Sweden
An international superstructure that has evolved since WW2.

The European Union (EU) is a supranational political and economic union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe.

The union has a total area of 4,233,255.3 km2 (1,634,469.0 sq mi) with an estimated population of about 447 million (5.8% of the world population in 2020). The EU generated a nominal gross domestic product (GDP) of around 17.1 trillion USD in 2021, constituting approximately 18 per cent of global nominal GDP.


Full article: Stub class article European Commission

The EU is ruled by its executive branch, the European Commission. It also has a European Parliament with 705 members (MEPs). The European Council (informally EUCO) is a collegiate body that defines the overall political direction and priorities of the European Union. It is composed of the heads of state or government of the EU member states, in summits held at least twice every six months.


On the one hand, the European Union suspended Austria when its citizens voted for people it didn’t like. On the other hand, the EU has failed to react to the Rajoy government’s tactics in responding to the Catalonian crisis. This is not to claim that the EU was wrong in each of these cases. It merely shows that the EU is experiencing a serious identity crisis. It simply cannot make up its mind whether it is to:

(a) become a mere confederation;
(b) become a federation;
(c) recast itself as an inter-governmental organisation on the lines of the Council of Europe;
(d) muddle along as "neither fish nor fowl"; or,
(e) disappear under the weight of its inherent contradictions.

Take your pick![1]

Legal Problems of the European Constitution

From the very beginning the construction of an European super-bureaucracy faced legal problems: core agreements like the "economic stability criteria" have been broken frequently and permanently by the majority of member states.

The precursor of the Lisbon Treaty (13 December 2007), the Treaty of Maastricht has been rejected by the citizens' vote of many European countries. After that the European Parliament was set up without questioning the people further. The European Parliament is notoriously weak and has only a veto power over laws passed within a short timeframe. European law overrules national law but the people of the member states are not represented proportionally in the European Parliament. This conflicts with many national constitutions. The Maastricht Treaty has been challenged therefore before the highest courts of Member States as well as the European Court of Justice, among others by German professor of international law Karl Albrecht Schachtschneider.[2]

Of particular concern are the paragraphs dealing with martial law or "emergency situations" and the re-introduction of the death penalty. The contents of the treaties are not discussed in the commercially-controlled media and there is no awareness of the far-reaching consequences in the general public. The contracts are packed with footnotes and references to previous treaties and legal acts, which makes them hard to understand even for insiders of international law. A survey showed that less than 20 percent of German MPs actually read the Lisbon Treaty before giving the go-ahead to their own disempowerment.

Capital punishment in Europe

Officially the death penalty has been abolished in all European countries. Widely adopted resolutions, the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, and two protocols from the European Convention on Human Rights of the Council of Europe lay out that no can be deprived of his/her live. However, Article 2 (Right to life) of the European Convention on Human Rights holds that when force is necessary to quell an insurrection, the death of people can be lawful.[3][4][5][6]

Deprivation of life shall not be regarded as inflicted in contravention of this article when it results from the use of force which is no more than absolutely necessary:[7]

  • c. in action lawfully taken for the purpose of quelling a riot or insurrection

Emergency assistance

The Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union holds that member states can send forces for to another union member to:[8][9]

  • prevent the terrorist threat in the territory of the Member States;
  • protect democratic institutions and the civilian population from any terrorist attack;
  • assist a Member State in its territory, at the request of its political authorities, in the event of a terrorist attack;
  • assist a Member State in its territory, at the request of its political authorities, in the event of a natural or man-made disaster;

Inaction about Gladio

On November 22, 1990 the European Parliament debated Operation Gladio, producing a strongly worded resolution calling for an investigation. However, this was never followed through. Summarising the procedure, Daniele Ganser writes that "The dog barked loudly, but it did not bite. Of the eight actions requested by the EU parliament not one was carried out satisfactorily. Only Belgium, Italy and Switzerland investigated their secret armies with a parliamentary commission, producing a lengthy and detailed public report."[10]


An example

Page nameDescription
EurozoneMonetary union in Europe.


Related Quotations

Black site“The European Parliament denounces the lack of co-operation of many member states and of the Council of the European Union with the investigation; Regrets that European countries have been relinquishing control over their airspace and airports by turning a blind eye or admitting flights operated by the CIA which, on some occasions, were being used for illegal transportation of detainees; Calls for the closure of [the US military detention mission in] Guantanamo and for European countries immediately to seek the return of their citizens and residents who are being held illegally by the US authorities; Considers that all European countries should initiate independent investigations into all stopovers by civilian aircraft [hired by] the CIA; Urges that a ban or system of inspections be introduced for all CIA-operated aircraft known to have been involved in extraordinary rendition”European Parliament2006
Europe/Deep state“A Briton agreed that "supranational consciousness" was not yet very fully developed within the E.C. countries, and thus it was important to avoid the supranational ambitions of the E.C. institutions going too far too fast.”1989
Jean-Claude Juncker“We decide something, then put it in the air and wait a while to see what happens. If there is no great shouting and no uprisings, because most people do not even understand what has been decided, then we will continue - step by step, until there is no turning back.”Jean-Claude Juncker1999
Jarosław Kaczyński“Of course, Germany operates under the veil of the European Union. Remember, we are not arguing with the EU, we are its loyal members, we argue with Germany. We just do not want the old German idea from the 1915 book, called ‘Mitteleuropa’, in which Poland was planned to be a country subordinate to Germany, which can develop economically, but must always be clearly behind Germany,”Jarosław Kaczyński25 September 2022
Albin Kurti“The European Union is our destiny”Albin Kurti4 November 2021


Related Documents

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:A new turf war with Strasbourg pushes Warsaw further down the road towards Polexit from the EUArticle4 August 2021Paul NuttallWill the schism between Poland and the European Union over legal differences eventually lead to "Polexit"?
Document:Behind the Greek Debtarticle7 July 2015Thierry MeyssanThe geoplitics underlying what is presented as a crisis of national indebtedness
Document:Gaddafi's 2009 speech: "Let's call it the UN Terror Council"Speech23 September 2009Muammar GaddafiNo one is above the UN General Assembly. All nations should be and should be seen to be on an equal footing. At present, the UN Security Council is security feudalism, political feudalism for those with permanent seats, protected by them and used against us. It should be called, not the UN Security Council, but the UN Terror Council.
Document:How Russia betrayed Americaessay10 March 2015Mike KingA useful mirror image of the Anglo-US-Nato official narrative about Russia
Document:I Am Obliged to Reconsider My Support for the European UnionArticle3 October 2017Craig MurrayToday, and with a greater sadness than you can imagine, I withdraw my support for membership of the European Union
Document:It’s Nato that’s empire-building, not Putinarticle7 March 2015Peter HitchensRare honesty, peppered with obligatory obeisances to western official narratives, about Nato empire-building since 1990 from a western mainsteam media journalist.
Document:Seventy Years of Harassing the Political Establishment and Peoples of Europearticle4 February 2016Andre FomineAnglo-US domination of the political establishments and peoples of Europe - especially Germany - over 70 years following the end of World war II
Document:The EU's ugly kindergarten of intellectually challenged clownsarticle31 August 2014'The Saker'There is Russian saying: "you can't scare a hedgehog with a naked backside". It summarises of this article's analysis of the threatened fourth round of EU Sanctions against Russia and the clownish absurdity of its US puppet leaders
Document:Who is Bombing European Civilians?article22 March 2016Sott.netSharp questioning of precisely who is responsible for attacks on civilians in Europe
Document:Why Angela Merkel has lasted so longArticle30 July 2021Wolfgang Streeck2 months before the September 2021 elections in which Angela Merkel will retire as Chancellor, a German economic sociologist writes as to why and how she has been able to hold onto power in Germany for so long after an unprecedented 16 years in power.
Document:Why Isn’t Everyone In Favour of Taxing Financial Speculation?report19 April 2016Robert ReichBernie Sanders wants to tax stock trades at a rate of 0.5 percent (a trade of $1,000 would cost $5), and bond trades at 0.1 percent. The tax would reduce incentives for high-speed trading, insider deal-making, and short-term financial betting. Sanders’ 0.5 percent tax could thereby finance public investments that enlarge the economic pie rather than merely rearrange its slices – like tuition-free public education.
Document:Would-be German chancellor Scholz jumps the gun on EU expansion eastward, which may provoke more states to follow the UK and exitArticle15 August 2021Paul NuttallOlaf Scholz is a possible candidate for Chancellor of Germany at the September 2021 German parliamentary election. He has warned Russia to expect further European integration and expansion into Eastern Europe. Will this encourage more countries to follow the UK and leave the European Union?
File:Rogue Agents (3rd edition, 2011, full).pdfbook2011David TeacherA book about the activities of the covert European groupings responsible for the realisation of the European Union between the end of World War II and the mid 1990's.
File:Rogue Agents (4th edition, 2015, full).pdfbook2014David TeacherA book about the activities of the covert European groupings responsible for the realisation of the European Union between the end of World War II and the mid 1990's
File:Rogue Agents - the Cercle and the 6I in the Private Cold War 1951 - 1991 by David Teacher (5th edn, 2017).pdfbook2017David TeacherA book about the activities of the covert European groupings responsible for the realisation of the European Union between the end of World War II and the mid 1990's.