Facebook

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The world's most popular social network, with over 1,000,000,000 users in 2014.

Facebook.svg
Website.png https://Facebook.com   NNDB Sourcewatch Twitter WikiquoteRdf-icon.png
Started: February 4, 2004
Founders: Mark Zuckerberg, Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz, Chris Hughes
Subgroups: Instagram, WhatsApp, Oculus VR, PrivateCore

Owner: Mark Zuckerberg
Staff: 10082
Constitutes: Universal surveillance,  social medium
 

Sub-Page

          Page Name          Size
Facebook/Censorship4,863

As the world's most widely used social website, Facebook has a great - and often poorly understood - ability to influence its users.[1] The first board member was Bilderberg/Steering committee member, Peter Thiel.[2]

Origins

Zuckerberg-lifelog-facebook.jpg

Facebook was officially founded on 4 February 2004, the same day that DARPA shut down the LifeLog universal surveillance project. The Facebook CEO was Mark Zuckerberg, at Harvard University.

The official narrative declares that Zuckerberg was a computer genius who coded the site himself. Another version has him as a front man for the US Deep state's DARPA-backed LifeLog project.

Activities

Gatekeeping

WhoWhatWhy reports that gatekeeping is a common phenomenon in Facebook, as editors reported regular manual intervention to add or remove particular news stories from the 'trending' news feed.[3]

Censorship

Full article: Facebook/Censorship
"Destructive behaviors" of trolls, as defined by an internal Facebook document

Facebook reported a 21% rise in takedown requests in the latter half of 2017, up from 64,279 to 78,890. The US accounts for 57% of all requests.[4]

"Fake News"

Mark Zuckerberg wrote in 2017 that "Right now, we're starting to explore ways to use AI to tell the difference between news stories about "terrorism" and actual terrorist propaganda so we can quickly remove anyone trying to use our services to recruit for a terrorist organization."[5]

"Hate Speech"

On May 31, 2016, Facebook agreed with Google, Microsoft, and Twitter to a European Union code of conduct obligating them to review "[the] majority of valid notifications for removal of illegal hate speech" posted on their services within 24 hours.[6] In 2018, Breitbart News reported that "Britain’s police have stumbled into another public relations disaster after threatening to track down and prosecute Facebook users for ridiculing them."[7]

Mass surveillance

With over 1,000,000,000 active users, Facebook is recording a lot of data about a lot of people. Together with other social media, in 2016, Facebook "accounted for 43 percent of all traffic to major news sites. Nearly two-thirds of Facebook and Twitter users access their news through their feeds."[8]

Data Harvesting

Brittany Kaiser, a staffer of Cambridge Analytica reported in April 2018 that over 87 million users' details were accessed by the company.[9]

Content moderation

A Facebook friendly version of the iconic 1972 war photograph

A 2015 estimate put 1/3 of Facebook's entire staff as moderators, but Facebook claimed this was an overestimate - although without offering an alternative figure.[10]

The editor of Norway's largest newspaper found his Facebook feed censored after he posted the 1972 image of Kim Phúc running away from a US napalm attack. In an open letter to Mark Zuckerberg he complained that "First you create rules that don’t distinguish between child pornography and famous war photographs. Then you practice these rules without allowing space for good judgement. Finally you even censor criticism against and a discussion about the decision – and you punish the person who dares to voice criticism."[11]

Tracking of Users

Facebook listening.jpg

Facebook admits to using the microphone to listen to users' environments, but has claimed that it does not record conversations.

Since 2012, Facebook has been "better understanding of our ecosystem" by encouraging users to report if their friends use the network under an assumed name.[2] Mark Zuckerberg has been consistent in his explanation of the plan to shareholders, a plan to be the middle-man in all personal communication.[12]

Documents leaked in 2019 suggested that "Facebook planned to spy on Android phone users, internal emails reveal".[13] Edin Jusupovic revealed in July 2019 that he had detected "hidden codes" in photos downloaded from from the site, leading him to conclude that "Facebook is embedding tracking data inside photos you download".[14]

Tracking of Non-users

In April 2015, after research bu Belgian privacy regulators, Facebook admitted that it was placing a cookie on "some" people's browsers, even if they were not Facebook users and had never visited the site. It claimed that this was due to a "bug".[15]

Advertising

Since 2012, Facebook has been buying sensitive data about users’ offline lives from data brokers and combining this information with the online data it collects in order to sell this information to advertisers.[16]

Research on users

FB eye.jpg

Facebook is used as a research tool by ordinary users, but the company itself also carries out undisclosed research on users. An internal document leaked in 2017 showed how by monitoring posts, comments and interactions on the site, Facebook can figure out when people as young as 14 feel “defeated”, “overwhelmed”, “stressed”, “anxious”, “nervous”, “stupid”, “silly”, “useless”, and a “failure”.[17]

Emotional Contagion

Multiple experimenters have used data from Facebook to study 'emotional contagion', how mood is transferred between friends. It was announced in 2014 that some research was not merely observational, but involved investigations in manipulating users' moods through the skewing of data presented through Facebook. For 7 days, 689,003 users were presented with modified newsfeeds which included more or less "happy" or "sad" phrases from friends. The study concluded "that emotional states can be transferred to others via emotional contagion, leading people to experience the same emotions without their awareness."[18]

Face recognition

Facebook announced in 2014 that it has developed a program called "DeepFace," which can determine whether two photographed faces are of the same person with 97.25% accuracy - compared with a human ability of discriminating faces at about 97.5%.[19]

Research by users

In 2014, Matt Honan, a journalist for Wired magazine notes the effects of an experiment he tried out - "liking" everything which Facebook served up to him for 48 hours.[20]

Lawsuits

Since 2011, Max Schrems, an Austrian lawyer has repeatedly requested all information Facebook hold on him[21] arguing that under European law he was entitled to this. Multiple legal resubmissions later, on 2 December 2015, Schrems resubmitted his original complaint against Facebook with the Irish Data Protection Commissioner. He has set up a website at http://europe-v-facebook.org to promote his viewpoint.[22]

Funding the Integrity Initiative

The Integrity Initiative received £100,000 for research and education activities in 2018-2019. However, an essay from August 2018 on "Discernment" stated that “it seems every day we uncover information about how platforms like Facebook have used our personal data to target us with highly-tailored messaging that merges advertising for goods and services with political messages that reflect our interests and values through our online viewing reinforced by viewpoints we like and follow. This is exacerbated by a financial model that gives financial reward to content that is clicked and shared most widely.” [23]

Facebook on Wikispooks

 Has facebookDescription
"Independent Police Complaints Commission"https://www.facebook.com/IPCC-Independent-Police-Complaints-Commission-105248346269780/
'Lionel'https://www.facebook.com/people/Michael-Lebron/100009028605927
21st Century Wirehttps://www.facebook.com/21st-Century-Wire-182032255155419/A sound alternative news site.
911 Bloggerhttps://www.facebook.com/911bloggerA solid 9/11 truth website.
AE911 Truthhttps://www.facebook.com/ae911truth/A high profile 9/11 truth group, including over 2300 qualified architects and engineers
Abertay Universityhttps://www.facebook.com/AbertayUni/
Stacey Abramshttps://www.facebook.com/stacey.abrams.77/
Active Change Foundationhttps://www.facebook.com/activechangefoundation1
Activist Posthttps://www.facebook.com/activistpost
Adam Smith Internationalhttps://www.facebook.com/adamsmithinternational.ltd/
Gerry Adamshttps://www.facebook.com/gerryadams.sf/
Hannes Adomeithttps://web.facebook.com/hannes.adomeit
Dirk Adriaensenshttps://www.facebook.com/pages/Dirk-Adriaensens/281276211898227
Saleyha Ahsanhttps://www.facebook.com/saleyha.ahsanA freelance reporter, film maker and A&E doctor with a Sandhurst background. She has traveled to conflict zones in North Africa and Asia and made films and news reports including Libya, Syria, Bosnia, Palestine, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. She appeared with "Dr Rola" in the controversial 2013 video shown on the BBC's Panorama news programme calling for humanitarian bombings of Syria.
Luke Akehursthttps://www.facebook.com/luke.akehurst.35An ardent fan of Labour Friends of Israel
Alchetronhttps://www.facebook.com/alchetronA machine generated encyclopedia
All-Party Parliamentary Group against Antisemitismhttps://www.facebook.com/APPGAgainstAntisemitism/
Milton Allimadihttps://www.facebook.com/milton.allimadi
Rosena Allin-Khanhttps://www.facebook.com/DrRosena
Amazonhttps://www.facebook.com/AmazonA highly popular online retailer.
American Free Presshttps://www.facebook.com/americanfreepress
American Freedom Alliancehttps://www.facebook.com/AmericanFreedomAlliance
American Historical Associationhttps://www.facebook.com/AHAhistorians
American University of Beiruthttps://www.facebook.com/aub.edu.lb/
American-Turkish Councilhttps://www.facebook.com/American-Turkish-Council-331857977024030/timeline/
Hooshang Amirahmadihttps://www.facebook.com/hooshangamirahmadiofficialpage
Richard Angellhttps://www.facebook.com/richardwangell
Dominique Angladehttps://www.facebook.com/Dominique-Anglade-1893697624238721/
Anti-Mediahttps://www.facebook.com/TheAntiMedia/
Antioch Universityhttps://www.facebook.com/AntiochMidwest/
Safia Aoudehttps://www.facebook.com/aoude
Arab Human Rights Centre in Golan Heightshttps://www.facebook.com/pages/Al-Marsad-Arab-Human-Rights-Centre-in-Golan-Heights/1430895697124379
Jacinda Ardernhttps://www.facebook.com/jacindaardern
Andrew Ashdownhttps://www.facebook.com/andrew.ashdown.9
Sam Atkinsonhttps://www.facebook.com/satkinsonfish
Atlantic Council of the United Kingdomhttps://www.facebook.com/atlanticcounciluk
Jacques Attalihttps://www.facebook.com/jacquesattaliofficiel
Avaazhttps://www.facebook.com/AvaazA hugely popular clicktivist site with spooky connections.
Axis of Logichttps://www.facebook.com/axisoflogic
Kelly Ayottehttps://www.facebook.com/kellyayottenh
BPhttps://www.facebook.com/bp/
Andrew Bacevichhttps://www.facebook.com/AndrewBacevich
Ed Ballshttps://www.facebook.com/edballs
François Baroinhttps://www.facebook.com/people/François-Baroin/100016855775066
Sandra Barrhttps://www.facebook.com/sandra.barr.444An independent researcher into psyops and hoaxes. Examines the numerology and why certain dates are used for such events. Exposes establishment corruption.
Kevin Barretthttps://web.facebook.com/kevin.barrett.5454An academic and 9-11/Dissident.
Eva Bartletthttps://www.facebook.com/EvaBoBeeva
Jonathan Bartleyhttps://www.facebook.com/jonathan.c.bartley
Evan Bayhhttps://www.facebook.com/pages/Evan-Bayh/7166803506
Hugh Bayleyhttp://www.facebook.com/pages/Hugh-Bayley/308944234703
... further results

References

  1. https://medium.com/@tristanharris/how-technology-hijacks-peoples-minds-from-a-magician-and-google-s-design-ethicist-56d62ef5edf3#.b4f6nhqo2
  2. a b http://www.digitaltrends.com/social-media/facebook-snitch-on-friends-that-arent-using-real-names/
  3. http://whowhatwhy.org/2016/05/10/internet-gatekeeper-evidence/
  4. http://www.theregister.co.uk/2017/12/19/facebook_who_needs_millennials_the_cops_love_us_more_than_ever/
  5. https://www.theregister.co.uk/2017/02/17/zuckerberg_publishes_worldsaving_manifesto/?page=2
  6. "Facebook, YouTube, Twitter and Microsoft sign EU hate speech code". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 June 2016.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "Scribunto").
  7. http://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/05/12/british-police-threaten-to-prosecute-facebook-users-ridiculing-them/
  8. http://www.theverge.com/2016/4/13/11387934/internet-moderator-history-youtube-facebook-reddit-censorship-free-speech
  9. http://www.theregister.co.uk/2018/04/17/former_cambridge_analytica_staffer_brittany_kaiser_dcms_committee_evidence/
  10. http://www.theverge.com/2016/4/13/11387934/internet-moderator-history-youtube-facebook-reddit-censorship-free-speech
  11. http://www.aftenposten.no/meninger/kommentar/Dear-Mark-I-am-writing-this-to-inform-you-that-I-shall-not-comply-with-your-requirement-to-remove-this-picture-604156b.html
  12. http://saintsal.com/facebook/
  13. https://www.computerweekly.com/news/252458208/Facebook-planned-to-spy-on-Android-phone-users-internal-emails-reveal
  14. https://www.forbes.com/sites/zakdoffman/2019/07/14/facebook-is-embedding-hidden-codes-to-track-all-your-uploaded-photos-report
  15. http://thehill.com/policy/technology/238399-facebook-claims-a-bug-made-it-track-people-not-on-facebook
  16. http://projectcensored.org/23-facebook-buys-sensitive-user-data-offer-marketers-targeted-advertising/
  17. http://www.news.com.au/technology/online/social/leaked-document-reveals-facebook-conducted-research-to-target-emotionally-vulnerable-and-insecure-youth/news-story/d256f850be6b1c8a21aec6e32dae16fd
  18. http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2014/06/everything-we-know-about-facebooks-secret-mood-manipulation-experiment/373648/
  19. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/03/18/facebook-deepface-facial-recognition_n_4985925.html
  20. http://www.wired.com/2014/08/i-liked-everything-i-saw-on-facebook-for-two-days-heres-what-it-did-to-me/
  21. https://www.forbes.com/sites/kashmirhill/2012/02/07/the-austrian-thorn-in-facebooks-side/
  22. http://europe-v-facebook.org
  23. Integrity Initiative/Leak/4 Discernment paper_BR2018_08.06_proposal2.pdf, 6 August 2018