(Publisher, hacker?, spook?)
|Born||Julian Paul Hawkins|
Townsville, Queensland, Australia
|Alma mater||Central Queensland University, University of Melbourne|
|Parents|| • Christine Assange|
• John Shipton
|Party||Independent, (since 2015), WikiLeaks, (2012—2015)|
A "hacktivist" of mysterious background, whose website, Wikileaks, has been the conduit for a lot of whistleblowing. His pronounced disinterest in 9/11 is particularly notable.
“I'm constantly annoyed that people are distracted by false conspiracies such as 9/11, when all around we provide evidence of real conspiracies, for war or mass financial fraud.”
Julian Assange (19 July 2010) 
By 2019, the original Belfast Telegraph page was changed to hide the 9-11 quote to anyone who had not logged in. The citation uses an archived version.
Facing arrest, Assange took refuge in June 2012 in the Ecuadorian Embassy in London, where the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention (UNWGAD) reported he was being "arbitrarily detained". He was arrested in April 2019 and imprisoned in Belmarsh. In May 2019 allegations surfaced that he was being chemically lobotomized.
Julian Assange was born in Australia to Christine Ann Hawkins, a visual artist, and John Shipton, an anti-war activist and builder, who separated before their son was born. His mother married Richard Brett Assange when Julian was a year old. Assange had a nomadic childhood, and had lived in over thirty Australian towns and cities by the time he reached his mid-teens, when he settled with his mother and half-brother in Melbourne, Victoria. His mother "became involved with Leif Meynell, also known as Leif Hamilton, a member of Australian cult The Family, with whom she had a son before the couple broke up in 1982." Assange’s hacker alias, which he used from the age of 16, was Mendax, (Latin for "lying").
Assange was arrested for hacking in 1991, in 1996 he plead guilty and was sentenced leniently in light of his disrupted childhood
- Full article: Wikileaks
- Full article: Wikileaks
In 2006, Assange set up Wikileaks, a website intended to publish leaked information. This has published a lot of information. Webster Tarpley, noting that Assanges's statement on the attacks of September 11th, termed it a modified limited hangout.
Ecuadorian embassy siege
In June 2012 Julian Assange took refuge in the Ecuadorian embassy in London to avoid extradition to Sweden over sex assault claims, which he denies. Assange was effectively imprisoned in the Ecuadorian embassy as a result of establishment allegations of sexual offences. He is under a siege by the Metropolitan Police which has cost over £10million. On 13 March 2015, it was reported that Swedish prosecutor Marianne Ny had asked for Julian Assange to be interviewed in London about the rape and sexual assault allegations, despite previously insisting talks should be held in Stockholm. Assange's lawyer Per Samuelsson said:
- "I have spoken to him early this morning - I think I even woke him up - and he said 'this is a great victory for me' in the case. But simultaneously he was irritated that it took so long for the prosecutor to do her job properly...there is a mixture of feelings."
In 2014, Julian Assange complained to the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention (UNWGAD) that he was being "arbitrarily detained" as he could not leave the embassy without being arrested. The panel of legal experts, which has taken evidence from the UK and Sweden, was due to announce the findings of its investigation into the case on 5 February 2016 but the BBC leaked the result a day early under the headline "UN panel 'rules in Julian Assange's favour'". Commenting for the first time on the UNWGAD panel's ruling, Swedish prosecutor Marianne Ny said on 9 February 2016 she was "currently working on a renewed request to interview Julian Assange at Ecuador's embassy in London".
In a 2015 interview with Fairfax Media, Assange said that while he does not expect to leave Ecuador's London embassy any time soon, WikiLeaks very much remains in the business of publishing the secrets of diplomats and spies:
- "There'll be more publications – about large international so-called free trade deals, and about an intelligence agency," Mr Assange said.
On 4 February 2016, Julian Assange tweeted:
- "Should the UN announce tomorrow that I have lost my case against the United Kingdom and Sweden I shall exit the embassy at noon on Friday to accept arrest by British police as there is no meaningful prospect of further appeal. However, should I prevail and the state parties be found to have acted unlawfully, I expect the immediate return of my passport and the termination of further attempts to arrest me. Julian Assange, Embassy of Ecuador, London (https://justice4assange.com/)."
On 28 November 2016, Assange said:
- “Today, marking the six-year anniversary of Cablegate, WikiLeaks expands its Public Library of US Diplomacy (PLUSD) with more than half a million (531,525) diplomatic cables from 1979. If any year could be said to be the ‘year zero’ of our modern era, 1979 is it. (…) In 1979 it seemed as if the blood would never stop. Dozens of countries saw assassinations, coups, revolts, bombings, political kidnappings and wars of liberation.”
"Free Julian Assange"
On 1 March 2016, Britain and Sweden were called upon to respect the UNWGAD decision and free Julian Assange. The following statement, signed by more than 500 high profile signatories from more than 60 countries including William Blum, Noam Chomsky, John Goss, Craig Murray and John Pilger, was delivered to the Swedish and UK Permanent Representatives to the United Nations in Geneva:
- “We the undersigned, including legal and human rights organisations, academics, and policymakers condemn the reactions of the governments of Sweden and the United Kingdom to the finding by the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention that Julian Assange is arbitrarily detained.
- "The governments of Sweden and the United Kingdom are setting a dangerous precedent that undermines the United Nations Human Rights system as a whole. We urge Sweden and the United Kingdom to respect the binding nature of the human rights covenants on which the decision is based, including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights; as well as the independence, integrity and authority of the Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights and the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention.
- "We therefore call on the governments of Sweden and the United Kingdom to comply without further delay with the Working Group’s findings and 'ensure the right of free movement of Mr. Assange and accord him an enforceable right to compensation, in accordance with article 9(5) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights'.”
|Metropolitan Police arrest Julian Assange|
A US Justice Department statement confirmed press reports that Assange was arrested in the United Kingdom on Thursday morning under the US/UK extradition agreement. The full indictment is here.
On 11 April 2019, Craig Murray tweeted:
- "Have to head back to London to help in light of Ecuadorian betrayal and Julian's sad arrest. The fight is now on whether a journalist should be imprisoned for publishing documents from a whistleblower on war crimes."
- "Ecuador has illegally terminated Assange political asylum in violation of international law. He was arrested by the British police inside the Ecuadorian embassy minutes ago."
Publishing a video of the arrest, RT reported:
- "WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange has been evicted from the Ecuadorian Embassy in London where he has spent the last six years. Ecuador's president Lenin Moreno has announced that the country has withdrawn asylum from Assange."
On the day of his arrest, Assange appeared at Westminster Magistrates Court where District Judge Michael Snow remanded him to Belmarsh Prison until 2 May 2019, when he was sentenced by Judge Deborah Taylor at Southwark Crown Court to 50 weeks in jail for breaching his bail conditions in 2012.
|Journalist Gordon Dimmack receives letter from Belmarsh Prison|
The UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention (UNWGAD) said it was deeply concerned by the “disproportionate sentence” imposed on Assange for violating the terms of his bail, which it described as a “minor violation”:
- “The working group is further concerned that Mr Assange has been detained since 11 April 2019 in Belmarsh Prison, a high-security prison, as if he were convicted for a serious criminal offence. This treatment appears to contravene the principles of necessity and proportionality envisaged by the human rights standards.
- “UNWGAD reiterates its recommendation to the government of the United Kingdom, as expressed in its opinion 54/2015, and its 21 December 2018 statement, that the right of Mr Assange to personal liberty should be restored.”
On 25 May 2019, Assange addressed a letter to journalist Gordon Dimmack describing the conditions in prison:
- "I have been isolated from all ability to prepare to defend myself, no laptop, no internet, no computer, no library so far, but even if I do get access it will be just for half an hour with everyone else once a week. Just two visits a month and it takes weeks to get someone on the call list and the Catch-22 in getting their details to be security screened. Then all calls except lawyer are recorded and are a maximum 10 minutes and in a limited 30 minutes each day in which all prisoners compete for the phone."
Initial US Charge
On Thursday 11th April 2019, the US District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia unsealed a March 6, 2018 indictment charging Julian Assange, the founder head of WikiLeaks, for conspiring to commit computer intrusions by assisting Chelsea Manning with breaking a US government password. The Grand Jury charged violations of U.S. Code - Unannotated Title 18. Crimes and Criminal Procedure § 371, 1030(a)(1), 1030(a)(2) and 1030(c)(2)(B)(ii), and if convicted "each shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than five years, or both."
17 additional charges
|Facing up to 175 years in prison?|
On 23 May 2019, the USDOJ unveiled a further 17 criminal charges against Julian Assange, saying he contravened the Espionage Act of 1917 by publishing the names of classified sources and conspired with and assisted ex-Army intelligence analyst Chelsea Manning in obtaining access to classified information. Each charge carries a jail sentence of up to 10 years.
He now faces a total of 18 criminal counts, which could result in up to 175 years in prison if convicted:
- “These unprecedented charges demonstrate the gravity of the threat the criminal prosecution of Julian Assange poses to all journalists in their endeavour to inform the public about actions that have been taken by the US government,” said Barry Pollack, an American attorney for Assange.
The USDOJ’s quick turnaround with the filing of a more substantial indictment against Assange is not surprising. Under extradition rules, the United States had only a 60-day window from the date of Assange’s arrest in London to add more charges. After that, foreign governments do not generally accept superseding charges.
Kristinn Hrafnsson tweeted:
- "I find no satisfaction in saying ‘I told you so’ to those who for 9 years have scorned us for warning this moment would come. I care for journalism. If you share my feeling you take a stand NOW. Either you are a worthless coward or you defend Assange, WikiLeaks and Journalism."
|"Following 9/11, the CIA paved the way for the creation of ISIS"|
On 6 October 2017, Assange tweeted:
- "The Nobel Peace Prize has finally been awarded to a group that fits the criteria: the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons.
On 12 February 2018, he tweeted:
- My arrest warrant judgment is tomorrow 2pm (Feb 13), Westminster Magistrates Court, London.
And on 13 February 2018, he tweeted:
Documents by Julian Assange
|Title||Document type||Publication date||Subject(s)||Description|
|Document:Assange Statement on the start of Bradley Manning trial||statement||4 June 2013||Chelsea Manning|
|Document:Freedom and the Future of the Internet||book introduction||1 October 2012||Surveillance State|
Cypherpunks: Freedom and the Future of the Internet
|Document:Google and the NSA||article||24 August 2013||National Security Agency|
|Document:Guantanamo SOP Confirms Psychological Torture||article||17 November 2007||Torture|
Guantanamo Bay detention camp
|Standard operating procedures for military personnel running the Guatanamo Bay military prison confirm that the rules governing the treatment of its inmates amounts to systematic torture|
|Document:Julian Assange at Moment of Truth||Video transcript||15 September 2014||UKUSA|
|Speech by Julian Assange to the Moment of Truth event in New Zealand on 15 September 2014|
|Document:Abuses show Assange case was never about law||blog post||27 May 2019||Jonathan Cook||Craig Murray says: "As a summary of the truly breathtaking series of legal abuses by states against Julian Assange, that the corporate and state media has been deliberately distorting and hiding for a decade, this excellent account by Jonathan Cook cannot be bettered."|
|Document:All Pretence is Over in Persecution of Assange||blog post||14 February 2018||Craig Murray||“Lady” Arbuthnot has perhaps performed an unwitting public service by the brazen nature of her partiality, which exposes beyond refutation the charade of legal process behind the effort to arrest Assange, in reality over the publication of USA secrets.|
|Document:Assange Must Not Also Die in Jail||blog post||13 August 2019||Craig Murray||Many of the same people who are relieved by Jeffrey Epstein’s death would like to see Julian Assange dead too.|
|Document:Chelsea Manning released, faces new imprisonment for refusing to testify against Assange||Article||10 May 2019||Niles Niemuth||“The idea I hold the keys to my own cell is an absurd one, as I face the prospect of suffering either way due to this unnecessary and punitive subpoena: I can either go to jail or betray my principles,” Manning explained. “The latter exists as a much worse prison than the government can construct.”|
|Document:Chelsea and Julian are in Jail. History Trembles.||blog post||12 April 2019||Craig Murray||Julian Assange said nothing during the whole brief proceedings, other than to say “Not guilty” twice, and to ask a one sentence question about why the charges were changed midway through this sham “trial”. Yet Judge Michael Snow condemned Assange as “narcissistic”.|
|Document:Council of Europe sides with Julian Assange||Article||Sara Chessa||The attitude of European institutions is changing after years of silence which seemed to authorise or support the US and the United Kingdom’s behaviour in relation to an individual who is apparently deprived of the right to prepare his defence and deprived as well of his right to dignified psychophysical conditions. Now, the Council of Europe has decided to speak up on behalf of Julian Assange.|
|Document:Diane Abbott – 2019 Speech on Julian Assange||Speech||11 April 2019||Diane Abbott||We only have to look at the treatment of Chelsea Manning to see what awaits Julian Assange if he is extradited to the US|
|Document:Framing Russian meddling in the Catalan question||report||October 2017||Integrity Initiative/Cluster/Spain||An example of Projection by the Integrity Initiative. The Moncloa operation shows that the group itself has been involved in subverting the Spanish political process. This document accuses Russia of involvment in the Catalonia independence question.|
|Document:Free Julian Assange, Mr. President||Article||9 February 2018||Roger Stone||The Donald Trump I know is a generous, compassionate, humane and, above all, fair man. As his steadfast, loyal, decades-long supporter, with all I have I implore him: Mr. President, FREE JULIAN ASSANGE!|
|Document:Julian Assange Tortured with Psychotropic Drug||Article||8 May 2019||Kurt Nimmo||The FBI, Pentagon, and CIA are “interviewing” Julian Assange in Belmarsh Prison. The CIA Director Gina Haspel (aka Chemical Gina) has her hands in this one, and we are being told that Assange is being “treated” with BZ (a powerful drug that produces hallucinations).|
|Document:Julian Assange denied access to lawyers, visitors in Britain’s Belmarsh prison||Article||24 April 2019||Oscar Grenfell||Chelsea Manning’s punitive detention is a warning of the treatment that will be meted out to Julian Assange if he is extradited to the US|
|Document:Julian Assange exposed the crimes of powerful actors, including Israel||blog post||19 April 2019||Alison Weir||Julian Assange has recently been honoured with the 2019 Award for Journalists, Whistleblowers & Defenders of the Right to Information and Nobel laureate Mairead Maguire has nominated him for the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize.|
|Document:Media silent on dismissal of DNC suit against Julian Assange||Article||2 August 2019||Oscar Grenfell||Judge Koeltl further undermined the claims of the Trump administration, the Democrats and the media that Julian Assange is a “hacker,” undeserving of First Amendment protections. In other words, the attempt to extradite Assange to the US and prosecute him is a frontal assault on the US Constitution and press freedom.|
|Document:Muellergate and the Discreet Lies of the Bourgeoisie||Blog post||1 April 2019||Craig Murray||The capacity of the mainstream media repeatedly to promote the myth that Russia caused Clinton’s defeat, while never mentioning what the information was that had been so damaging to Hillary, should be alarming to anybody under the illusion that we have a working “free media”.|
|Document:No fair hearing for Assange at the Guardian||article||5 February 2016||Jonathan Cook||Demonstrates the Establishment-friendly double standards of the UK's flagship 'Left-wing' newspaper - The Guardian - through analysis of its coverage of a UN decision on the political asylum of Julian Assange|
|Document:On the Pavement with Wikileaks||blog post||7 April 2019||Craig Murray||Pretty well all of the Western media is going to want to focus on these false anti-Assange narratives, and they will be determined to give as little attention as possible to the fact he is a publisher facing trial for publishing leaked state documents which revealed state wrongdoing. It is a classic and fundamental issue of freedom of speech and freedom of the press.|
|Document:Revenge Is Mine Saith Washington||article||20 November 2018||Paul Craig Roberts||An abridged article about the persecution of Julian Assange. It illustrates the depths to which elementary notions of justice have sunk in the West - and especially in the UK and USA - where perceived threats to Deep State interests are involved.|
|Document:Sex, Lies and Julian Assange||Transcript||23 July 2012||Andrew Fowler||He humiliated the most powerful country in the world. But his relationship with two Swedish women, and their claims of sexual assault, may yet destroy Julian Assange.|
|Document:So Where is the Swedish Warrant?||blog post||27 April 2019||Craig Murray||All those Blairite MPs who seek to dodge the glaring issue of freedom of the media to publish whistleblower material revealing government crimes, by hiding behind trumped-up sexual allegations, are left looking pretty stupid.|
|Document:The 7 years of lies about Assange won’t stop now||Blog post||11 April 2019||Jonathan Cook||A brief resume of the lies and deceptions promoted by The Establishment about Julian Assange during his asylum in the Ecuadorian embassy.|
|Document:The Assange Arrest is a Warning From History||Article||12 April 2019||John Pilger||Leni Riefenstahl, close friend of Adolf Hitler, whose films helped cast the Nazi spell over Germany told me that the message in her films, the propaganda, was dependent not on “orders from above” but on what she called the “submissive void” of the public: "When people no longer ask serious questions, they are submissive and malleable. Anything can happen.”|
|Document:The Broader View Reveals the Ugliest of Prospects||blog post||17 June 2019||Craig Murray||I find it hard to believe that I live in times where Julian Assange suffers as he does for telling the truth, where a dedicated anti-racist like Jeremy Corbyn is subjected to daily false accusations of racism and to US and security service backed efforts to thwart his democratic prospects, where the most laughable false flag is paraded to move us towards war with Iran, and where there is no semblance of a genuinely independent media.|
|Document:The Unrelenting State||blog post||31 May 2019||Craig Murray||Julian Assange: That the most lucid man I know is now not capable of having a rational conversation is extremely alarming.|
|Document:Trump, Assange, Bannon, Farage… bound together in an unholy alliance||Op-ed||29 October 2017||Carole Cadwalladr||(You got this? Farage visited Trump, then Assange, then Rohrabacher. Rohrabacher met Don Trump’s Russian lawyer, Natalia Veselnitskaya. Then Assange. And is now trying to close the circle with Trump.)|
|Document:UN expert says "collective persecution" of Julian Assange must end now||Report||31 May 2019||Nils Melzer||“In 20 years of work with victims of war, violence and political persecution I have never seen a group of democratic States ganging up to deliberately isolate, demonise and abuse a single individual for such a long time and with so little regard for human dignity and the rule of law,” Professor Melzer said. “The collective persecution of Julian Assange must end here and now!"|
|Document:Why I am Convinced that Anna Ardin is a Liar||blog post||11 September 2012||Craig Murray||To those useful idiots who claim that the way to test these matters is in court, I would say of course, you are right, we should trust the state always, fit-ups never happen, and we should absolutely condemn the disgraceful behaviour of those who campaigned for the Birmingham Six|
|Document:Wikileaks - Open Letter to the US Government||open letter||14 July 2011||RevolutionTruth|
- Document:Julian Assange Tortured with Psychotropic Drug
- "Marianne Ny: Making an arse of Swedish law"
- "Sweden Tells the UN that Indefinite Detention Without Charge is Fine"
- "Swedish prosecutors to quiz Assange in London"
- "Julian Assange case: Who is on the UN's expert panel?"
- "UN panel 'rules in Julian Assange's favour'"
- "Will Swedish prosecutors question Assange in London?"
- "Assange: More leaks to come"
- "Assange: I will accept arrest by British police on Friday if UN rules against me" More info: https://justice4assange.com
- "Julian Assange: '1979 Is Year Zero of Our Modern Era'”
- "Urging Sweden and the UK to free Julian Assange"
- "Document: Julian Assange Indictment"
- "United States of America v Julian Paul Assange"
- "Julian Assange arrested"
- "Ecuador has illegally terminated Assange political asylum"
- "WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange has been evicted from the Ecuadorian Embassy in London where he has spent the last six years"
- "Julian Assange supporters ordered to forfeit £93,500 bail money"
- "Julian Assange legal team begin 'big fight' over extradition"
- "UN calls for Julian Assange's release from UK high-security jail"
- “'Truth ultimately is all we have': Julian Assange appeals for public support"
- "US charges WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange with espionage"
- "I told you so"
- "The Nobel Peace prize has finally been awarded to a group that fits the criteria: the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons"
- "My arrest warrant judgment is tomorrow 2pm (Feb 13), Westminster Magistrates Court, London"
- "Judge refuses to withdraw Julian Assange arrest warrant"